Passage Island Light
|Location||SW end of Passage Is., 3.25 mi NE of Isle Royale, in NW Lake Superior, Houghton Township, Michigan|
|Coordinates||48°13′27″N 88°21′57″W / 48.22417°N 88.36583°WCoordinates: 48°13′27″N 88°21′57″W / 48.22417°N 88.36583°W|
|Height||44 feet (13 m)|
|Markings||natural with white & red lantern|
|Heritage||National Register of Historic Places listed place|
|Lens||Fourth order Fresnel lens (original), 7.5-inch (190 mm) (current)|
Passage Island Light Station
|Architect||U.S. Lighthouse Board|
|MPS||Light Stations of the United States MPS|
|NRHP reference No.||06000632|
|Added to NRHP||July 19, 2006|
The Passage Island Light Station is a lighthouse located 3.25 mi (5.23 km) NE of Isle Royale, in NW Lake Superior, Michigan on Passage Island. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.
The light tower is 44 feet (13 m) high, constructed of field stone, and is square on the first level, transitioning to octagonal above. It is topped with a ten-sided cast iron lantern, accessible via a spiral staircase within the tower. The tower is integral with the keeper's house, which is a two-story field stone house measuring 26 by 30 feet (7.9 by 9.1 m).
The need for a lighthouse between Passage Island and Isle Royale was recognized as early as the 1860s, as lake traffic increased dramatically due to the upsurge in mining in the Upper Peninsula. However, it took until 1875 before Congress authorized funds for the construction of a lighthouse. However, because of Congress's desire to bring political pressure to bear on the Canadian government to force them to build a lighthouse in Lake Erie, the appropriated $18,000 for Pasage Light was not released until 1880. Construction began in 1881, and the light was completed the following year. A fog signal was added in 1884, and in 1894 a new flashing white lens manufactured by Barbier, Benard & Turenne of Paris was installed.
In 1978, the station was automated, and in 1989 a 7.5-inch (190 mm) acrylic lens was installed, replacing the Fresnel.
- Passage Island Light Station, Survey number HABS MI-385, Historic American Buildings Survey
- Passage Island Light Station, Lighthouse, Survey number HABS MI-385-A, Historic American Buildings Survey
- Passage Island Light Station, Fog Signal Building, Survey number HABS MI-385-B, Historic American Buildings Survey
- Passage Island Light Station, Oil Storage Building, Survey number HABS MI-385-C, Historic American Buildings Survey
- Passage Island Light Station, Privy Building, Survey number HABS MI-385-D, Historic American Buildings Survey
- Passage Island Light Station, Tramway Equipment Building, Survey number HABS MI-385-E, Historic American Buildings Survey
- Passage Island Light Station, Pump House, Survey number HABS MI-385-F, Historic American Buildings Survey
- ^ a b "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
- ^ a b c d Passage Island Light from the Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy, retrieved 8/19/09
- ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Passage Island Light Station from "Seeing the Light," retrieved 9/18/09
- Media related to Passage Island Light Station at Wikimedia Commons