Passiflora quadrangularis

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Passiflora quadrangularis
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Passifloraceae
Genus: Passiflora
P. quadrangularis
Binomial name
Passiflora quadrangularis

Passiflora quadrangularis, the giant granadilla, barbadine (Trinidad), grenadine (Haiti), giant tumbo or badea (Spanish pronunciation: [baˈðe.a]), is a species of plant in the family Passifloraceae. It produces the largest fruit of any species within the genus Passiflora.[2] It is a perennial climber native to the Neotropics, Despite the Granadilla in its Name, it is not a true Passionfruit


Passiflora quadrangularis flower

It is a vigorous, tender evergreen perennial climber with nodding red flowers, each surrounded by white and purple filaments. It has smooth, cordate, ovate or acuminate leaves; petioles bearing from 4 to 6 glands; an emetic and narcotic root; scented flowers; and a large, oblong fruit, up to 12 inches (30 cm) in length.[3] containing numerous seeds, embedded in a subacid edible pulp.[4]


The badea is sometimes grown in greenhouses. The fruits of several other species of Passiflora are eaten. P. laurifolia is the water lemon and P. maliformis the sweet calabash of the West Indies.[4]

The fruit juice of the badea is used as a beverage. In some parts of Sri Lanka the fruit, where it is known as ටං ටිං ([tʌŋ tIŋ]), රට පුහුල් or ටුං ටුං,[5] is cooked as a vegetable curry, and the seeds are consumed as a snack or used to extract juice.

A tea is made from the leaves which is used for high blood pressure and diabetes. A drink and ice-cream are made from the fruit.[6]


Passiflora quadrangularis is also grown as an ornamental. Requiring a minimum temperature of 8 °C (46 °F), in temperate zones it must be grown under glass. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Passiflora quadrangularis". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2013-01-30.
  2. ^ Boning, Charles R. (2006). Florida's Best Fruiting Plants: Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 169.
  3. ^ Williams, C. N.; et al. (1980). Tree and Field Crops of the Wetter Regions of the Tropics. London: The Longman Group. p. 125.
  4. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Granadilla". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 336.
  5. ^ "Ayurvedic Plants of Sri Lanka: Plants Details". Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  6. ^ Mendes (1986), p. 10.
  7. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Passiflora quadrangularis". Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  8. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 72. Retrieved 17 April 2018.


External links[edit]

  • Mendes, John. (1986). Cote ce Cote la: Trinidad & Tobago Dictionary. Arima, Trinidad.