Passion fruit (fruit)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Great variety of passion fruits at a market in Portugal

The passion fruit is the fruit of a number of plants in the Passiflora family.[1][2][3] Edible passion fruits can be divided into three main types: purple ones (fruits of Passiflora edulis Sims), yellow ones (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg.), and giant granadilla (Passiflora quadrangularis L.).[4]

Appearance and structure[edit]

Passion fruits are round or oval. They can be yellow, red, purple,[5] and green.[6] The fruits have a juicy edible center composed of a large number of seeds.[5]

Nutritional value[edit]

The fruit is a source of carbohydrates, carotene, vitamin C, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, copper, fiber, and protein.[7] [1]

The part of the fruit that is used (eaten) is the pulpy juicy seeds. Passion fruits can also be squeezed to make juice.[8]

A whole fruit contains 68 calories per 100 grams. The amount of juice in passion fruits is 25–40%.[5]

Cultivation[edit]

Passion fruits are cultivated on an industrial scale.[2][9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Конышев В. (12 January 2017). Еда без вреда: Азбука питания. Эксмо. p. 123. ISBN 978-5-457-03689-5. 
  2. ^ a b Власова Н. (12 January 2017). Плодовый сад на вашем подоконнике. ЛитРес. p. 29. ISBN 978-5-457-41613-0. 
  3. ^ Dennis S. Hill (16 July 2008). Pests of Crops in Warmer Climates and Their Control. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 605–. ISBN 978-1-4020-6738-9. 
  4. ^ Experts from Dole Food Company; Experts from The Mayo Clinic; Experts from UCLA Center for H (13 January 2002). Encyclopedia of Foods: A Guide to Healthy Nutrition. Elsevier. pp. 195–. ISBN 978-0-08-053087-1. 
  5. ^ a b c Ингерлейб М., Самойленко М. (12 January 2017). Целебные соки. Эксмо. p. 155. ISBN 978-5-457-42344-2. 
  6. ^ "Маракуйя". Официальный сайт кулинарных рецептов Юлии Высоцкой. Едимдома.ру. Retrieved 2017-02-24. 
  7. ^ "Passion Fruit Nutritional Value". 
  8. ^ Флоранд Л. (13 February 2017). Француженки не заедают слезы шоколадом. Э. p. 395. ISBN 978-5-04-039827-0. 
  9. ^ Волкова Е. (12 January 2017). Цветочные диковины на вашем подоконнике. ЛитРес. p. 22. ISBN 978-5-457-41725-0.