Passmore Edwards Public Library, Shepherd's Bush
|Passmore Edwards Public Library|
Passmore Edwards Library, Shepherds Bush
|Type||Former Library, now a theatre|
|Address||Uxbridge Road, London W12|
|Town or city||London|
|Current tenants||The Bush Theatre Co|
|Structural system||Timber frame, brick.|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Maurice Bingham Adams|
The Passmore Edwards Public Library on the Uxbridge Road, Shepherd's Bush, London, was built in 1895 and funded by the journalist and philanthropist Passmore Edwards. It is one of a number of public libraries that still bear his name today. In 2008 a new library was built in Shepherd's Bush, part of the substantial Westfield London development, and the Passmore Edwards library fell into disuse. In October 2011 it re-opened as the new home of the Bush Theatre.
Designed by Maurice Bingham Adams, and originally known as the Passmore Edwards Free Library Hammersmith, the project was one of many public libraries built around the end of the nineteenth century by John Passmore Edwards (1823 – 1911). Edwards was a British journalist, newspaper owner and philanthropist. The son of a carpenter, he was born in Blackwater, a small village between Redruth and Truro in Cornwall, United Kingdom.
Maurice Bingham Adams designed five of the Libraries funded by Passmore Edwards. He and Edwards shared a belief in self-help and the importance of good architecture, which would provide the educational institutions required to educate the British working man and help give Britain a competitive edge.
The library was built in 1895, when Shepherd's Bush was still largely open land, but in the process of being developed to house London's expanding suburbs. A foundation stone, laid by Passmore Edwards, bears the date 4 July 1895.
Many of Shepherd's Bush's new inhabitants were poor and badly educated. In the early 20th century Irish labourers sought work and opportunities in London; their arrival in the capital created fears of urban slums and the spread of disease. At the turn of the century Hammersmith MP Sir William Bull was appalled to see Shepherd's Bush Green become home to destitute unemployed sleeping rough, gambling, and playing pitch and toss.
In 2008 a new library was built, part of the massive Westfield London development, and the old library fell into disuse.
In October 2011 the library re-opened as the new home of the Bush Theatre. The building is currently included on the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham's list of Buildings of Merit, deserving of protection.
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- Farrell, Jerome, Hammersmith and Shepherd's Bush in Old Photographs, Sutton Publishing Ltd (Sep 1995)
- p.5, Walking the Tube - the Hammersmith & City Line Retrieved November 2011
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- ODNB article by A. J. A. Morris, ‘Edwards, John Passmore (1823–1911)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2006 , accessed 15 Nov 2007.
- "EDWARDS, John Passmore". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 541.
- Adams at www.passmoreedwards.org Retrieved November 2011
- Panayi, Panikos, p.144, Immigration, Ethnicity, and Racism in Britain, 1815-1945 Retrieved December 2011
- Denny, p.49
- www.officiallondontheatre.co.uk Retrieved November 2011
- Market Regeneration Brief, 2010 Retrieved January 2012
- John Passmore Edwards 1823-1911 His life and Philanthropic works Retrieved November 2011