Passos, Minas Gerais
Passos is a Brazilian municipality located in the southwest of the state of Minas Gerais. Its population as of 2010 was 104,015 people living in a total area of 1,339 km². The city belongs to the meso-region of Sul e Sudoeste de Minas and to the micro-region of Passos. It became a municipality in 1858.
The name is derived from the patron saint Bom Jesus dos Passos.
The city center of Passos is located at an elevation of 745 meters in a fertile region between the state boundary of São Paulo and the great reservoir of Furnas. Neighboring municipalities are: Delfinópolis (N), São João Batista do Glória and São José da Barra (E), Alpinópolis (SE), Jacuí (S), Fortaleza de Minas (SW), and Itaú de Minas and Cássia (W).
Passos is a statistical micro-region consisting of 14 municipalities: Alpinópolis, Bom Jesus da Penha, Capetinga, Capitólio, Cássia, Claraval, Delfinópolis, Fortaleza de Minas, Ibiraci, Itaú de Minas, Passos, Pratápolis, São João Batista do Glória, and São José da Barra. In 2000 the population was 207,525 inhabitants living in a total area of 7,127.40 km².
- Belo Horizonte: 343 km east on MG-050
- São Sebastião do Paraíso: 52 km southwest on MG-050
- Divinópolis: 216 km northeast on MG-050
- Uberaba: 214 km northwest
- Ribeirão Preto: 205 km
- The airport is located 5 km from the city on highway MG 050, in the direction Passos/Itaú de Minas. It is adequate for daytime flights of light and medium-sized aircraft. The runway is tarmacked and measures 1500 m by 30 m. There is a departure lounge and modest facilities.
Industry is the main economic activity of the municipality and is mainly centered in the production of sugar, yeast, milk byproducts and poultry. It has been expanding in other areas like heavy vehicle parts, cement, shoes and clothing. In 2005 520 transformation industries employing 5,719 workers. Other sectors were the retail sector employing 7,144 workers, public administration employing 1,141, and health services employing 1,276 workers. The GDP in 2005 was approximately R$874 million, with 523 million reais from services, 168 million reais from industry, and 104 million reais from agriculture. There were 1,196 rural producers on 87,000 hectares of land. Approximately 8,000 persons were occupied in agriculture. The main crops are coffee, sugarcane, rice, beans, and corn. There were 113,000 head of cattle, of which 34,000 were milk cows (2006).
There are 10 banks (2007): Banco ABN AMRO Real, Banco do Brasil, Bradesco, Banco Crediacip, Banco HSBC, Banco Itaú (3 branches), Banco Mercantil do Brasil, Banco Santander Brasil, and Banco Unibanco.
In the vehicle fleet there were 21,046 automobiles, 1,588 trucks, 2,075 pickup trucks, 304 buses, and 10,944 motorcycles (2007).
Health and education
In the health sector there were 58 health establishments, which included 29 public health clinics and 3 hospitals with 416 beds (2005). Educational needs of 20,500 students were met by 38 primary schools, 15 middle schools, and 23 pre-primary schools. In higher education there was one school: Fundação de Ensino Superior de Passos.
- Municipal Human Development Index: 0.797 (2000)
- State ranking: 47 out of 853 municipalities as of 2000
- National ranking: 624 out of 5,138 municipalities as of 2000
- Literacy rate: 91%
- Life expectancy: 72 (average of males and females)
In 2000 the per capita monthly income of R$310.00 was above the state average of R$276.00 and below the national average of R$297.00. Poços de Caldas had the highest per capita monthly income in 2000 with R$435.00. The lowest was Setubinha with R$73.00.
The highest ranking municipality in Minas Gerais in 2000 was Poços de Caldas with 0.841, while the lowest was Setubinha with 0.568. Nationally the highest was São Caetano do Sul in São Paulo with 0.919, while the lowest was Setubinha. In more recent statistics (considering 5,507 municipalities) Manari in the state of Pernambuco has the lowest rating in the country—0,467—putting it in last place.