Passport validity

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Passport validity is the length of time a passport can be used to travel to another country, or be used as a valid form of identification within or outside the issuing country before its date of expiration.

Adult passport validity map[edit]

Adult passport validity across the world

Adult passports[edit]

US adult passport with ten year validity
Indian children’s passport with five year validity. Adult passports issued by India are valid for ten years.
Indonesian adult passport with five-year validity
Old New Zealand passport showing the old validity period of five years

There is an increasing trend for adult passports to be valid for ten years, such as a United Kingdom passport, United States Passport, New Zealand Passport (after 30 November 2015)[1] or Australian passport. A five year period of validity is also common (as used to be the situation for a Papua New Guinean passport or currently for an Indonesian passport. Some countries issue adult passports for periods between five and ten years, such as the Cuban passport, which is valid for six years.

Optional validity period[edit]

Some countries allow adult applicants to choose a passport validity, usually 5 or 10 years. For an example Canada, Hungary, Japan, Mexico (3, 6 or 10), Pakistan, Russia or South Korea.

Child and young adult passports[edit]

Most countries issue passports for children and young adults for five years, under passport issuing protocols a child or young adult passport is defined as being under 16 years for a United States Passport, under 19 years for a Japanese Passport, under 21 years for a Croatian passport, under 24 years for a German passport or under 30 years as is the case with a Spanish passport.

Infant passports[edit]

Because children change rapidly in appearance from infancy to age five, some countries issue infant passports for two years, such as the Austrian passport, or for one year in the case of the Republic of Korea passport.

Senior passports[edit]

Some countries issue passports with longer validity period to their senior citizens, for example Spanish passports issued to citizens over 70 never expire.

Validity on arrival[edit]

Many countries require passports to be valid for no less than six months upon arrival.

Countries requiring passport validity of at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra - 3 months and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah - on arrival), Israel, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, countries requiring passport validity of at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia, Zambia, countries requiring passport validity of at least 3 months on arrival include Schengen Area countries, Georgia, Honduras, Iceland, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Moldova, Nauru, Panama, United Arab Emirates and countries requiring passport validity of at least 1 month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, New Zealand, South Africa.[2] Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or passport valid throughout the period of intended stay.

Adult passport validity by country[edit]

List
Country[1] Validity[1]
5 years
or less
5–10 years 10 years
Albania Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Algeria Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Andorra Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Angola Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Antigua and Barbuda Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Argentina Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Armenia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Australia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Austria Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Azerbaijan Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Bahamas Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Bangladesh Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Barbados Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Belarus Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Belize Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Bosnia and Herzegovina Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Botswana Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Cambodia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Canada Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
China Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Colombia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Croatia Green tickY1 Red XN Green tickY
Cyprus Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Czech Republic Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Denmark Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Egypt Red XN Green tickY Red XN
El Salvador Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Fiji Red XN Red XN Green tickY
France Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Gabon Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Georgia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Germany Red XN Green tickY Green tickY
Hungary Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
India Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Iran Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Ireland Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Israel Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Italy Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Jamaica Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Japan Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Kazakhstan Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Kyrgyzstan Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Kenya Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Kiribati Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Kosovo Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Laos Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Liechtenstein Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Lesotho Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Lithuania Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Madagascar Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Malawi Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Malta Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Mauritius Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Mexico Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Montenegro Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Nauru Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Nepal Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Netherlands Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Norway Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Oman Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Pakistan Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Poland Red XN Red XN Green tickY
South Korea Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Moldova Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Russian Federation Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Saint Kitts and Nevis Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Saint Lucia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Samoa Red XN Red XN Green tickY
San Marino Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Serbia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Slovakia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Slovenia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Solomon Islands Red XN Red XN Green tickY
South Africa Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Spain Green tickY1 Red XN Green tickY
Sri Lanka Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Sudan Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Suriname Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Swaziland Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Switzerland Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Tajikistan Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Tanzania Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Macedonia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Timor-Leste Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Tonga Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Turkey Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Turkmenistan Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Uganda Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Ukraine Red XN Red XN Green tickY
United Kingdom Red XN Red XN Green tickY
United States Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Uzbekistan Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Vatican Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Venezuela Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Vietnam Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Zambia Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Zimbabwe Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Bolivia Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Costa Rica Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Cuba Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Dominica Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Dominican Republic Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Ecuador Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Egypt Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Iraq Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Kuwait Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Rwanda Red XN Green tickY Red XN
São Tomé and Príncipe Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Syria Green tickY Green tickY Red XN
Afghanistan Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Bahrain Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Belgium Red XN Green tickY Red XN
Benin Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Brazil Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Brunei Darussalam Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Bulgaria Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Burkina Faso Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Burundi Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Cabo Verde Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Central African Republic Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Chad Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Chile Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Congo Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Côte d'Ivoire Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Democratic Republic of the Congo Green tickY Red XN Red XN
El Salvador Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Eritrea Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Estonia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Ethiopia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Finland Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Gabon Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Ghana Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Greece Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Grenada Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Guatemala Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Guinea Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Guinea-Bissau Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Guyana Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Haiti Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Honduras Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Iceland Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Indonesia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Jordan Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Latvia[3] Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Lebanon Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Liberia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Luxembourg Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Malaysia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Maldives Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Mali Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Marshall Islands Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Mauritania Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Monaco Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Mongolia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Mozambique Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Myanmar Green tickY Red XN Red XN
New Zealand[4] Green tickY[5] Red XN Green tickY
Namibia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Nicaragua Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Nigeria Green tickY Red XN Red XN
North Korea Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Palestine Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Panama Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Papua New Guinea Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Paraguay Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Peru Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Philippines Red XN Green tickY Green tickY
Portugal Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Qatar Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Romania Red XN[6] Red XN Green tickY
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Red XN Red XN Green tickY
Saudi Arabia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Senegal Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Seychelles Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Sierra Leone Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Singapore Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Somalia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
South Sudan Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Suriname Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Sweden Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Thailand Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Trinidad and Tobago Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Tunisia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
United Arab Emirates Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Comoros Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Djibouti Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Equatorial Guinea Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Vanuatu Green tickY Red XN Red XN

1 – Involuntary limitation of passport validity for young adults.
2 – Extended validity for senior citizens only.

References[edit]