Passy was a commune on the outskirts of Paris. In 1658, hot springs were discovered around which spa facilities were developed. This attracted Parisian society and English visitors, some of whom made the area, which combined attractive countryside with both modest houses and fine residences, their winter retreat. The population was 2,400 in 1836, 4,545 in 1841, but larger in summer. In 1861 the population was 11,431. Passy's population was 17,594 when it was absorbed into Paris along with several other communities in 1860.
- Paul de Kock, born in Passy
- Antoine-Henri Jomini, retired and died in Passy
- Berthe Morisot, an artist who was one of the founders of the Impressionist movement, grew up in Passy. She married Edouard Manet's brother, Eugene.
- Camille Pissarro, artist studied as a youth in Passy
- Alexandre Le Riche de La Poupelinière, 18th century
- Pierre Baillot
- Honoré de Balzac
- Jacques-Emile Blanche, artist
- Marc Bonnehée, opera singer, died in Passy in 1886
- Pierre Bretonneau
- Benjamin Franklin
- General Charles Edward Jennings de Kilmaine
- Seymour Fleming
- Alphonse de Lamartine
- Princess Marie Louise of Savoy known as the Princesse de Lamballe, a victim of the September massacres and friend of Queen Marie Antoinette of France
- Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione, early important photographic artist, courtesan, supposed secret agent, mistress to Napoleon III, lived in a house he bought for her in 1857 and lived on in the area until the mid-1870s
- Comtesse de Buyer-Mimeure, the former Miss Daisy Polk
- Gioachino Rossini died of pneumonia in his country home in Passy
- Niccolò Piccinni, Italian composer, died here
- William Kissam Vanderbilt, kept a home in Passy
- Giuseppe Verdi and Giuseppina Strepponi spent two summers (1848 and 1849) in Passy
- Georges Clemenceau, lived in Passy
Benjamin Franklin in Passy
Passy was the home of Benjamin Franklin during the nine years that he lived in France during the American Revolutionary War. For much of this time, he was a lodger in the home of Monsieur de Chaumont.
Franklin established a small printing press in his lodgings to print pamphlets and other material as part of his mandate to maintain French support for the revolution. He called it the Passy Press. Among his printing projects, he produced comics he called Bagatelles and passports. He developed a typeface known as "le Franklin". He also printed a 1782 treatise by Pierre-André Gargaz titled A Project of Universal and Perpetual Peace, which laid out a vision for maintaining a permanent peace in Europe. It proposed a central governing council composed of representatives of all the nations of Europe to arbitrate international disputes.
Artists of Passy
The painting of Albert Gleizes, Les ponts de Paris (Passy), The Bridges of Paris (Passy), in the collection of the Museum Moderner Kunst (mumok), Vienna, refers to the spirit of solidarity among the newly formed "Artists of Passy", during a time when factions had begun to develop within Cubism. Les Artistes de Passy consisted of a diverse grouping of avant-garde artistes (painters, sculptors and poets), including several who previously held meetings in 1910 at the rue Visconti studio of Henri Le Fauconnier. Their first diner presided over by neo-symbolist Paul Fort was held at the house of Balzac, rue Raynouard, in the presence of Guillaume Apollinaire, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Marie Laurencin, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger, André Mare, Jean Metzinger, Francis Picabia, Henry Valensi, and Jacques Villon. Albert Gleizes chose to Passy as the subject of this painting.
Places in Passy
There is now a rue Benjamin Franklin and a square de Yorktown near the Trocadéro.
A lively street in the area is Rue de Passy, which goes from La Muette to the Place de Costa Rica just behind the Trocadéro. It has boutiques and chain stores along its length.
The Cimetière de Passy, located at 2, rue du Commandant Schœlsing, is the burial place for many well-known persons including American silent film star Pearl White, the painters Édouard Manet and Berthe Morisot, and composer Claude Debussy.
- Carmona, Michel (2002). Haussmann: His Life and Times, and the Making of Modern Paris. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee. pp. 320–2.
- Bibliothèque nationale de France. Notice d'autorité personne: Bonnehée, Marc. Retrieved 29 August 2013 (French).
- Livingston, Luther (1914). Franklin and His Press at Passy: An Account of the Books, Pamphlets, and Leaflets Printed There, Including the Long Lost 'Bagatelles'. New York: The Grolier Club.[page needed]
- Cohn, Ellen R. (Winter 2010). "The Printer and the 'Peasant': Benjamin Franklin and Pierre-André Gargaz, Two Philosophers in Search of Peace". Early American Studies 8 (1): 146–172.
- Srodes, James (2011). Franklin: The Essential Founding Father. Regnery History. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- Cubisme, 1912", Archives, Grande Encyclopédie Larousse
- Media related to Passy, Paris at Wikimedia Commons