List of anarchist communities

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The Trumbullplex, an anarchist intentional community in the Woodbridge neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan[1]

This is a list of anarchist communities representing any society or portion thereof founded by anarchists that functions according to anarchist philosophy and principles. Anarchists have been involved in a wide variety of community experiments since the 19th century. There are numerous instances in which a community organizes itself along philosophically anarchist lines to promote regional anarchist movements, counter-economics and countercultures. These have included intentional communities founded by anarchists as social experiments and community oriented projects, such as collective organizations and cooperative businesses. There are also several instances of mass society "anarchies" that have come about from explicitly anarchist revolutions, including the Free Territory of Ukraine[2] and the Shinmin autonomous region in Manchuria.[3]

Mass societies[edit]

The Free Territory was a region where an attempt was made to form a stateless, anarchist society and its approximated location (in red) was in part of the territory of modern Ukraine during the Ukrainian War of Independence[2]

Active societies:

Past societies:

Indigenous societies[edit]

Intentional communities[edit]

Active communities:

Past communities:

Community projects[edit]

Red Emma's Bookstore Coffeehouse, a cooperative worker-owner collective business operated in Baltimore, Maryland[56]
  • Autonomous Centre of Edinburgh
  • See also[edit]

    • Anarchy: Lists of ungoverned communities
    • Exarchia – district in Athens run by the Anarchist movement with no police presence and the government only intervenes during riots; marijuana is unregulated; famed for graffiti, cafes and comic book stores, it has become a popular place for international anarchists to visit when in Athens
    • Permanent autonomous zone – a community that is autonomous from the generally recognized government or authority structure
    • Zomia – the ungoverned highlands of Southeast Asia, held as an analogous anarchist society by professor James C. Scott

    References[edit]

    1. ^ a b Osborne, Domenique (2002-11-09). "Radically wholesome". Metro Times. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
    2. ^ a b c Alexandre Skirda (2004). Nestor Makhno: Anarchy's Cossack. AK Press. ISBN 1-902593-68-5. 
    3. ^ a b "Cartography of Revolutionary Anarchism". Anarchy In Action. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
    4. ^ ↑ James Horrox, A Living Revolution: Anarchism in the Kibbutz Movement (Oakland: AK Press, 2009), 19.
    5. ^ Clark, John (2013). The Impossible Community: Realising Communitarian Anarchism. 
    6. ^ a b c d e Gelderloos, Peter (2010). Anarchy Works. 
    7. ^ a b c Denham, Diana (2008). Teaching Rebellion: Stories from the Grassroots Mobilization of Oaxaca. Oakland: PM Press. 
    8. ^ Anarcho-Syndicalism in Puerto Real: from shipyard resistance to direct democracy and community control
    9. ^ “Community Organising in Southern Italy”, pp. 16–19, Black Flag no. 210, p. 17, p. 18
    10. ^ Raúl Zibechi, Territories in Resistance: A Cartography of Latin American Social Movements(Oakland, Edinburgh, Baltimore: AK Press, 2012), 132.
    11. ^ Gelderloos, Peter (2009). To Get To The Other Side: a journey through europe and its anarchist movements. 
    12. ^ Collective, CrimethInc. Ex-Workers. "Other Rojavas: Echoes of the Free Commune of Barbacha". CrimethInc. Retrieved 2018-05-16. 
    13. ^ Pressly, Linda (13 October 2016). "Cheran: The town that threw out police, politicians and gangsters". BBC. 
    14. ^ Black Rose Anarchist Federation, "Our Perspectives and Tasks on the Revolution in Rojava", 4 August 2015
    15. ^ Bookchin, Murray. The Rise of Urbanisation and Decline of Citizenship. pp. 18 – 22. 
    16. ^ a b c Gelderloos, Peter (2017). Worshipping Power: An Anarchist History of Early State Formation. 
    17. ^ Karl Kautsky, The Foundations of Christianity, Book Three
    18. ^ Zinn, Howard. Colombus, the Indians, and Human Progress. p. 1. 
    19. ^ ↑ Norman Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary millenarians and mystical anarchists of the Middle Ages (London: Paladin, 1970) 207, 208.
    20. ^ Milani, Giuseppe; Selvi, Giovanna (1996). Tra Rio e Riascolo: piccola storia del territorio libero di Cospaia. Lama di San Giustino: Associazione genitori oggi. p. 18. OCLC 848645655. 
    21. ^ Wilson, Peter (1995). Pirate Utopias: Moorish Corsairs & European Renegadoes. 
    22. ^ W.E.B. Du Bois, Black Reconstruction in America: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), 449.
    23. ^ Peter Kropotkin, “The Paris Commune” in ed. Iain McKay, Direct Struggle Against Capital: A Peter Kropotkin Anthology (Oakland: AK Press, 2014), 440.
    24. ^ Khadzhiev, Georgi (1992). "The Transfiguration Uprising and the 'Strandzha Commune': The First Libertarian Commune in Bulgaria". Nat︠s︡ionalnoto osvobozhdenie i bezvlastnii︠a︡t federalizŭm [National Liberation and Libertarian Federalism] (in Bulgarian). Translated by Firth, Will. Sofia: Artizdat-5. pp. 99–148. OCLC 27030696. 
    25. ^ Dongyoun Hwang, "Korean Anarchism Before 1945: A Regional and Transnational Approach" in Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Postcolonial World, 118.
    26. ^ Dolgoff, Sam (1974). The Anarchist Collectives: Workers' Self-Management in the Spanish Revolution, 1936–1939. 
    27. ^ Anarchist, Federation. "The East German uprising, 1953". Libcom.org. 
    28. ^ a b Ward, Colin (1973). Anarchy in Action. 
    29. ^ Meisner, Maurice (1986). Mao's China and After: A History of the People's Republic since 1949. Free Press. 
    30. ^ Mazin Qumsiyeh, Popular Resistance in Palestine: A History of Hope and Empowerment (New York: Pluto Press, 2011) Chapter 11.
    31. ^ Natasha Gordon and Paul Chatterton, Taking Back Control: A Journey through Argentina’s Popular Uprising, Leeds (UK): University of Leeds, 2004,
    32. ^ a b c Gelderloos, Peter (2015). The Failure of Nonviolence. 
    33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Barclay, Harold (1990). People Without Government: An Anthropology of Anarchy. Seattle: Left Bank Books. 
    34. ^ John Zerzan, Future Primitive Revisisted (Port Townsend: Feral House, 2012), 13-14.
    35. ^ Perdue, Theda (2007). The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears. New York: Penguin Books. 
    36. ^ "Indian Towns and Buildings of Eastern North Carolina", Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, National Park Service, 2008, Retrieved 24 April 2010.
    37. ^ Eggan, Fred, Social Organization of the Western Pueblos (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960)
    38. ^ Emmanuel C. Onyeozili and Obi N. I. Ebbe, “Social Control in Precolonial Igboland of Nigeria”, African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies (2012)
    39. ^ Zibechi, Raúl (2010). Territories in Resistance: A Cartography of Latin American Social Movements. Oakland: AK Press. 
    40. ^ Turnbull, Colin (1968). The Forest People. New York: Simon & Schuster. 
    41. ^ Ladner, Kiera (2003). "Governing Within an Ecological Context: Creating an Alternative Understanding of Blackfoot Governance". Studies in Political Economy. 70: 137 – 150. 
    42. ^ Robert Fernea, “Putting a Stone in the Middle: the Nubians of Northern Africa,” in Graham Kemp and Douglas P. Fry (eds.), Keeping the Peace: Conflict Resolution and Peaceful Societies around the World, New York: Routledge, 2004, p. 111.
    43. ^ William A. Starna, “Pequots in the Early Seventeenth Century” in ed. Laurence M. Hauptman and James D. Wherry, The Pequots in Southern New England: The Fall and Rise of an American Indian Nation (Norman and London: University of Oakland Press, 1990), 42.
    44. ^ Graeber, David (2004). Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology. Chicago: Prickly Paradigms Press. pp. 26 – 27. 
    45. ^ John Menta, The Quinnipiac: Cultural Conflict in Southern New England (New Haven: Yale University, 2003)
    46. ^ Lee, Richard (2003). The Dobe Ju/hoansi. Thomas Learning/Wadsworth. 
    47. ^ Robert K. Dentan, The Semai: A Nonviolent People of Malaya. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1979
    48. ^ Greg Urban, “The Social Organizations of the Southeast,” in ed. Raymond J. Demallie and Alfonso Ortiz, North American Indian Anthropology: Essays on Society and Culture(Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994), 175-178.
    49. ^ Scott, James (2009). The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia. New Haven: University of Yale Press. 
    50. ^ Searching For Happiness In 'Utopia'
    51. ^ Bamyeh, Mohammed A. (May 2009). Anarchy as order. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 21. ISBN 0-7425-5673-5. 
    52. ^ Frater, Jamie (November 1, 2010). Listverse.com's Ultimate Book of Bizarre Lists. Berkeley, CA: Ulysses press. pp. 516, 517. ISBN 1-56975-817-4. 
    53. ^ http://www.anarchisme.wikibis.com/cooperatives_longo_mai.php
    54. ^ Bailie, William (1906). Josiah Warren, the first American anarchist: a sociological study. Small, Maynard & company. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
    55. ^ Pierce LeWarne, Charles (1975). Utopias on Puget Sound: 1885–1915. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 168–226. ISBN 0295974443. 
    56. ^ a b Sessa, Sam (November 27, 2007). "Church, anarchists come to each other's rescue". Baltimore Sun. 

    Further reading[edit]

    External links[edit]