List of anarchist communities

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The Trumbullplex, an anarchist intentional community in the Woodbridge neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan[1]

This is a list of anarchist communities representing any society or portion thereof founded by anarchists that functions according to anarchist philosophy and principles. Anarchists have been involved in a wide variety of community experiments since the 19th century. There are numerous instances in which a community organizes itself along philosophically anarchist lines to promote regional anarchist movements, counter-economics and countercultures. These have included intentional communities founded by anarchists as social experiments and community oriented projects, such as collective organizations and cooperative businesses. There are also several instances of mass society "anarchies" that have come about from explicitly anarchist revolutions, including the Free Territory of Ukraine[2] and the Shinmin autonomous region in Manchuria.[3]

Mass societies[edit]

The Free Territory was a region where an attempt was made to form a stateless, anarchist society and its approximated location (in red) was in part of the territory of modern Ukraine during the Ukrainian War of Independence[2]

Active societies:

Past societies:

Indigenous societies[edit]

Intentional communities[edit]

Active communities:

Past communities:

Community projects[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Anarchy: Lists of ungoverned communities
  • Exarchia – district in Athens run by the Anarchist movement with no police presence and the government only intervenes during riots; marijuana is unregulated; famed for graffiti, cafes and comic book stores, it has become a popular place for international anarchists to visit when in Athens
  • Permanent autonomous zone – a community that is autonomous from the generally recognized government or authority structure
  • Zomia – the ungoverned highlands of Southeast Asia, held as an analogous anarchist society by professor James C. Scott


  1. ^ a b Osborne, Domenique (2002-11-09). "Radically wholesome". Metro Times. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
  2. ^ a b c Alexandre Skirda (2004). Nestor Makhno: Anarchy's Cossack. AK Press. ISBN 1-902593-68-5.
  3. ^ a b "Cartography of Revolutionary Anarchism". Anarchy In Action. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  4. ^ Clark, John (2013). The Impossible Community: Realising Communitarian Anarchism.
  5. ^ a b c d Gelderloos, Peter (2010). Anarchy Works.
  6. ^ Hancox, Dan (20 October 2013). "Marinaleda: Spain's communist model village". The Guardian.
  7. ^ a b c Denham, Diana (2008). Teaching Rebellion: Stories from the Grassroots Mobilization of Oaxaca. Oakland: PM Press.
  8. ^ Anarcho-Syndicalism in Puerto Real: from shipyard resistance to direct democracy and community control
  9. ^ “Community Organising in Southern Italy”, pp. 16–19, Black Flag no. 210, p. 17, p. 18
  10. ^ Gelderloos, Peter (2009). To Get To The Other Side: a journey through europe and its anarchist movements.
  11. ^ Collective, CrimethInc. Ex-Workers. "Other Rojavas: Echoes of the Free Commune of Barbacha". CrimethInc. Retrieved 2018-05-16.
  12. ^ Pressly, Linda (13 October 2016). "Cheran: The town that threw out police, politicians and gangsters". BBC.
  13. ^ Bookchin, Murray. The Rise of Urbanisation and Decline of Citizenship. pp. 18–22.
  14. ^ Gelderloos, Peter (2017). Worshipping Power: An Anarchist History of Early State Formation.
  15. ^ Karl Kautsky, The Foundations of Christianity, Book Three
  16. ^ Bey, Hakim (1985). T.A.Z.: The Temporary Autonomous Zone, Ontological Anarchy, Poetic Terrorism. Autonomedia.
  17. ^ Barclay, Harold (1990). People Without Government: An Anthropology of Anarchy. Seattle: Left Bank Books. pp. 93–96.
  18. ^ Zinn, Howard. Colombus, the Indians, and Human Progress. p. 1.
  19. ^ ↑ Norman Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary millenarians and mystical anarchists of the Middle Ages (London: Paladin, 1970) 207, 208.
  20. ^ Milani, Giuseppe; Selvi, Giovanna (1996). Tra Rio e Riascolo: piccola storia del territorio libero di Cospaia. Lama di San Giustino: Associazione genitori oggi. p. 18. OCLC 848645655.
  21. ^ W.E.B. Du Bois, Black Reconstruction in America: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), 449.
  22. ^ George Woodcock. Anarchism: a history of libertarian movements. Pg. 357
  23. ^ Khadzhiev, Georgi (1992). "The Transfiguration Uprising and the 'Strandzha Commune': The First Libertarian Commune in Bulgaria". Nat︠s︡ionalnoto osvobozhdenie i bezvlastnii︠a︡t federalizŭm [National Liberation and Libertarian Federalism] (in Bulgarian). Translated by Firth, Will. Sofia: Artizdat-5. pp. 99–148. OCLC 27030696.
  24. ^ Leonard F. Guttridge (1 August 2006). Mutiny: A History of Naval Insurrection. Naval Institute Press. p. 174. ISBN 978-1-59114-348-2.
  25. ^ Dongyoun Hwang, "Korean Anarchism Before 1945: A Regional and Transnational Approach" in Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Postcolonial World, 118.
  26. ^ a b Dolgoff, Sam (1974). The Anarchist Collectives: Workers' Self-Management in the Spanish Revolution, 1936–1939.
  27. ^ 1945: The Saigon commune
  28. ^ Meisner, Maurice (1986). Mao's China and After: A History of the People's Republic since 1949. Free Press.
  29. ^ Natasha Gordon and Paul Chatterton, Taking Back Control: A Journey through Argentina's Popular Uprising, Leeds (UK): University of Leeds, 2004,
  30. ^ a b Gelderloos, Peter (2015). The Failure of Nonviolence.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Barclay, Harold (1990). People Without Government: An Anthropology of Anarchy. Seattle: Left Bank Books.
  32. ^ John Zerzan, Future Primitive Revisisted (Port Townsend: Feral House, 2012), 13-14.
  33. ^ Perdue, Theda (2007). The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears. New York: Penguin Books.
  34. ^ "Indian Towns and Buildings of Eastern North Carolina", Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, National Park Service, 2008, Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  35. ^ Eggan, Fred, Social Organization of the Western Pueblos (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960)
  36. ^ Emmanuel C. Onyeozili and Obi N. I. Ebbe, “Social Control in Precolonial Igboland of Nigeria”, African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies (2012)
  37. ^ Zibechi, Raúl (2010). Territories in Resistance: A Cartography of Latin American Social Movements. Oakland: AK Press.
  38. ^ Turnbull, Colin (1968). The Forest People. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  39. ^ Ladner, Kiera (2003). "Governing Within an Ecological Context: Creating an Alternative Understanding of Blackfoot Governance". Studies in Political Economy. 70: 137–150.
  40. ^ Robert Fernea, “Putting a Stone in the Middle: the Nubians of Northern Africa,” in Graham Kemp and Douglas P. Fry (eds.), Keeping the Peace: Conflict Resolution and Peaceful Societies around the World, New York: Routledge, 2004, p. 111.
  41. ^ William A. Starna, “Pequots in the Early Seventeenth Century” in ed. Laurence M. Hauptman and James D. Wherry, The Pequots in Southern New England: The Fall and Rise of an American Indian Nation (Norman and London: University of Oakland Press, 1990), 42.
  42. ^ Graeber, David (2004). Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology. Chicago: Prickly Paradigms Press. pp. 26–27.
  43. ^ John Menta, The Quinnipiac: Cultural Conflict in Southern New England (New Haven: Yale University, 2003)
  44. ^ Lee, Richard (2003). The Dobe Ju/hoansi. Thomas Learning/Wadsworth.
  45. ^ Robert K. Dentan, The Semai: A Nonviolent People of Malaya. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1979
  46. ^ Greg Urban, “The Social Organizations of the Southeast,” in ed. Raymond J. Demallie and Alfonso Ortiz, North American Indian Anthropology: Essays on Society and Culture(Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994), 175-178.
  47. ^ Scott, James (2009). The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia. New Haven: University of Yale Press.
  48. ^ Hardy, Dennis (2000). Utopian England: Community Experiments, 1900-1945. Psychology Press. p. 181. ISBN 978-0-419-24670-1.
  49. ^ Autry, Curt (2010). "Louisa Commune Flourishes for 43 Years". WWBT NBC 12. Archived from the original on 2011-11-18. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
  50. ^ Searching For Happiness In 'Utopia'
  51. ^ Bamyeh, Mohammed A. (May 2009). Anarchy as order. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 21. ISBN 0-7425-5673-5.
  52. ^ Frater, Jamie (November 1, 2010).'s Ultimate Book of Bizarre Lists. Berkeley, CA: Ulysses press. pp. 516, 517. ISBN 1-56975-817-4.
  53. ^
  54. ^ Awra Amba: the anarcho-feminist utopia that actually works
  55. ^ Niranjan, Ajit (July 24, 2015). "How an abandoned barracks in Ljubljana became Europe's most successful urban squat". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077.
  56. ^ Bailie, William (1906). Josiah Warren, the first American anarchist: a sociological study. Small, Maynard & company. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  57. ^ An Experiment in Anarchy: Modern Times, the notorious and short-lived utopian village that preceded Brentwood
  58. ^ The Paris Commune and the Idea of the State
  59. ^ a b Pierce LeWarne, Charles (1975). Utopias on Puget Sound: 1885–1915. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 168–226. ISBN 0295974443.
  60. ^ Franks, Benjamin (2006). Rebel Alliances: The Means and Ends of Contemporary British Anarchisms. AK Press/Dark Star. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-904859-40-6.
  61. ^ Headley, Gwyn; Meulenkamp, Wim (1999). Follies, grottoes & garden buildings. Aurum. p. 250.
  62. ^ Sanborn, Josh (March 1996), Review of Edgerton, William, ed., Memoirs of Peasant Tolstoyans in Soviet Russia, H-Russia, H-Review

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]