Pastel de nata

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Pastel de nata
Pasteis de Belem.jpg
The typical appearance of the pastel de nata in Lisbon, Portugal
Alternative namesPastel de Belém
Pastries of Bethlehem
葡撻 (Cantonese)
CourseDessert
Place of originPortugal
Region or stateSaint Mary of Bethlehem, Lisbon (originally); produced worldwide within the Lusosphere
Created byReligious of the Monastery of the Hieronymites
Serving temperatureFresh from oven, with cinnamon and icing sugar
Main ingredientsEgg yolks
Variationsegg tart, custard tart
Food energy
(per serving)
ca. 300 per 100 grams (3.5 oz) kcal

Pastel de nata (Portuguese pronunciation: [pɐʃˈtɛɫ dɨ ˈnatɐ] (plural: pastéis de nata; [-ˈtɛjʃ-], [-ˈtɐjʃ-]) is a Portuguese egg custard tart pastry dusted with cinnamon.[1] Outside Portugal, they are particularly popular in other parts of Western Europe, Asia and former Portuguese colonies, such as Brazil, Macau and East Timor. The Macanese pastel de nata was also adopted by KFC and is available in regions such as Hong Kong, Taiwan and China. In Indonesia, this pastry is especially popular in Kampung Tugu, Jakarta, a culturally Portuguese (Mardijker) enclave.[2]

History[edit]

Pastéis de nata were created before the 18th century by Catholic monks at the Hieronymites Monastery (Portuguese: Mosteiro dos Jerónimos) in the civil parish of Saint Mary of Bethlehem, in Lisbon.[3] At the time, convents and monasteries used large quantities of egg-whites for starching clothes, such as friars and nuns' religious habits. It was quite common for monasteries and convents to use the leftover egg yolks to make cakes and pastries, resulting in the proliferation of sweet pastry recipes throughout the country.

In the aftermath of the Liberal Revolution of 1820, following the dissolution of religious orders and in the face of the impending closure of many convents and monasteries, the monks started selling pastéis de nata at a nearby sugar refinery to bring in revenue. In 1834, the monastery was closed and the recipe sold to the sugar refinery, whose owners in 1837 opened the Fábrica de Pastéis de Belém. The descendants own the business to this day.[4]

Since the opening of Fábrica de Pastéis de Belém, the original recipe of the pastel de nata is kept in a secret room. The recipe remains unchanged to this day and is known by only a few. The Fábrica de Pastéis de Belém, remains the most popular place to buy pastéis de nata around Lisbon. The shop is located just a short three-minute walk from the Jerónimos Monastery. [5] The shop offers both take out and sit in services and sells over 20,000 pastéis de nata a day.[6] Usually the tart is sprinkled with canela (cinnamon), and often accompanied with a bica, (a strong espresso coffee).

In 2009 The Guardian listed pastéis de Belém as one of the 50 "best things to eat" in the world and has over 50,000 reviews and ratings on Tripadvisor for its iconic Pastel De Natas.[7][8]

In 2011, following the result of a public vote. Pastel de Belem was announced one of Portugal’s Seven Wonders of Gastronomy. Cementing itself as one of the countries most popular national dishes.[9]

Japanese cuisine[edit]

The cuisine of Japan was heavily influenced by Portuguese traders during the 16th century. Notable Japanese baked goods including pan (パン) (from Portuguese pão, bread), and castella have their origins in this period. Pastel de nata is one of these.[10] In addition to the traditional form of the pastry, some variations have been developed especially for the Japanese market by adding green tea flavoring. This green tea pastel de nata was eventually exported to South Korea and other Asian markets.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Julian Baggini (18 February 2015). "Custard tart fight: can the British version ever compete with Portugal's pastéis de nata?". The Guardian.
  2. ^ "3 KUDAPAN KHAS JAKARTA HASIL AKULTURASI BUDAYA". infobudaya.net (in Indonesian). 2017-09-18.
  3. ^ Santos, Nina. "A Brief Introduction to Pastel De Nata, Portuguese Custard Tarts". Culture Trip. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  4. ^ "175 anos de pastéis de Belém [175 years of pasteléis de Belém]". Correio da Manhã (in Portuguese). 12 August 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  5. ^ "Jeronimos Monastery, Lisbon". www.golisbon.com.
  6. ^ "Pastéis de Belém: A Taste of History". May 27, 2016.
  7. ^ Fox, Killian (13 September 2009). "The 50 best things to eat in the world, and where to eat them (The Guardian)". London.
  8. ^ "Where to have the best Pastel de Nata in Lisbon?". Lovin Lisboa. 19 April 2021.
  9. ^ Pastel de Nata wetravelportugal.com. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  10. ^ Swinnerton, Robbie (5 September 2009). "Take a little bite of Portugal's egg tart". London.
  11. ^ Verbeke, Alain (ed.). Distance in International Business: Concept, Cost and Value.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]