Pasteur's portrait by Edelfelt

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Portrait of Louis Pasteur
Albert Edelfelt - Louis Pasteur - 1885.jpg
ArtistAlbert Edelfelt
Year1885
LocationMusée d'Orsay, Paris

Pasteur's portrait by Edelfelt is the best-known portrait of the French chemist Louis Pasteur. Painted by Albert Edelfelt (1854–1905) in 1885 the painting shows Pasteur in his laboratory at the rue d'Ulm, surrounded by his experimental apparatus, the innovative laboratory glassware used in the experimental methods, developed by him on the field of bacteriology in the late 19th century.[1] Pasteur is regarded as one of the main founders of bacteriology, and he is popularly known as the "father of microbiology".[2][3]

Painter[edit]

Albert Edelfelt was a Finnish painter, who lived in Paris. Edelfelt was one of the first Finnish artists to achieve international fame. He enjoyed considerable success in Paris and was one of the founders of the Realist art movement in Finland. He influenced several younger Finnish painters and helped fellow Finnish artists such as Akseli Gallen-Kallela and Gunnar Berndtson to make their breakthrough in Paris. One of his best known portraits is the painting made of Louis Pasteur depicting the scientist in his laboratory. This portrait of Louis Pasteur, by Albert Edelfelt, is a classic depiction of the pure scientist; the painting was emulated in print as well, and it adorns the cover of the first critical biography of the great chemist. Within his lifetime, Pasteur became an heroic figure in French culture.

The painting depicts the scientist standing among his laboratory equipment, with a thoughtful face, and its theme indicates a contemporary subject, even if the light falling from the right is reminiscent of the technique of the chiaroscuro. The painting of Louis Pasteur won him the Legion of Honour in 1886 at the exhibition at the Paris Salon.[4] Pasteur kept this portrait by Edelfelt in his dining room.[5]

Background[edit]

Louis Pasteur (1822–1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. Louis Pasteur invented a vaccine against rabies. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and prevention of diseases, and his discoveries have saved countless lives ever since. Innovative laboratory glassware and experimental methods were developed by Louis Pasteur among others, and contributed to the developing field of bacteriology in the late 19th century. In the 1880s, bacteriology was becoming a coherent discipline, especially through methods for growing pure cultures on agar gels containing specific nutrients in Petri dishes. The long-held idea that living organisms could easily originate from nonliving matter called spontaneous generation was attacked in a series of experiments carried out by Louis Pasteur.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Collections of the Musée d'Orsay". www.musee-orsay.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
  2. ^ Feinstein, S (2008). Louis Pasteur: The Father of Microbiology. Enslow Publishers, Inc. pp. 1–128. ISBN 978-1-59845-078-1.
  3. ^ "Louis Pasteur Albert Edelfelt". www.musee-orsay.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
  4. ^ "Louis Pasteur Albert Edelfelt". www.musee-orsay.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
  5. ^ Carol McCleary (2010). The Alchemy of Murder. Tom Doherty Associates. ISBN 978-1-4299-9176-6.
  6. ^ Magner, A History of the Life Sciences, pp 254–276

External links[edit]