Pastorale (Russian: Пастораль) is a song without words written by Igor Stravinsky in 1907. Stravinsky composed the piece at his family's estate in Ustilug, Ukraine, while under the supervision of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, and dedicated it to Rimsky-Korsakov's daughter Nadia.
The piece was originally scored for soprano and piano, but Stravinsky transcribed it several times over the years for various ensembles:
- soprano, oboe, English horn, clarinet, and bassoon (1923)
- violin and piano (1933)
- violin, oboe, English horn, clarinet, and bassoon (1933)
The two versions from 1933 are not strict transcriptions but lengthened versions lasting about two minutes longer than the original.
The 1933 version for violin and piano was written for violinist Samuel Dushkin, who had premiered Stravinsky's Violin Concerto two years earlier. Dushkin and Stravinsky premiered the new version in 1933. A version for viola and piano was transcribed by Vadim Borisovsky. Leopold Stokowski arranged the piece for five soloists (violin, oboe, cor anglais, clarinet and bassoon) and strings, making its first recording with his Philadelphia players in 1934.