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|Competencies||Pastry, Dessert expert|
A pastry chef or pâtissier (pronounced [pɑ.ti.sje]; the French female version of the word is pâtissière [pɑ.ti.sjɛʁ]), is a station chef in a professional kitchen, skilled in the making of pastries, desserts, breads and other baked goods. They are employed in large hotels, bistros, restaurants, bakeries, and some cafés.
Duties and functions
Day-to-day operations can also require the pastry chef to research recipe concepts and develop and test new recipes. Usually the pastry chef does all the necessary preparation of the various desserts in advance, before dinner seating begins. The actual plating of the desserts is often done by another station chef, usually the garde manger, at the time of order. The pastry chef is often in charge of the dessert menu, which, besides traditional desserts, could include dessert wines, specialty dessert beverages, and gourmet cheese platters.
Pastry chefs are also expected to fully understand their ingredients and the chemical reactions that occur when making fine pastries. Precise timing and temperatures are critically important. It is generally preferred to weigh the ingredients (i.e., with a kitchen scale) as opposed to measuring by volume (e.g., with a measuring cup), as weighing inherently offers far more consistent baking results.
In larger kitchens, the pastry chef may have a number of other chefs working in their station, each responsible for specific types of pastries:
- boulanger (baker): responsible for breads, cakes, and breakfast pastries
- confiseur (confectioner): responsible for candies and petits fours
- décorateur (decorator): responsible for specialty cakes and show pieces
- glacier: responsible for cold and frozen desserts
- List of chefs
- List of pastry chefs
- List of restaurant terminology
- Pastry chef salary
- Pastry blender
- Pastry brush
- Scheiber, Noam (2016-10-13). "Creating a Pastry Chef From Scratch". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-08.
- "Dessert Professional Taps the Top Ten Pastry Chefs in America". The Huffington Post. 2014-06-13. Retrieved 2014-12-16.
- "How to Become a Pastry Chef". Starting a Bakery. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
- Braux, Alain (October 2010). Living Gluten and Dairy-Free with French Gourmet Food. Alain Braux. ISBN 978-0-9842883-1-1.
- Friberg, Bo (1996). The Professional Pastry Chef (3rd ed.). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. ISBN 0-442-01597-6.