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Municipality of Pasuquin
Official seal of Pasuquin
Map of Ilocos Norte with Pasuquin highlighted
Map of Ilocos Norte with Pasuquin highlighted
Pasuquin is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°20′N 120°37′E / 18.33°N 120.62°E / 18.33; 120.62Coordinates: 18°20′N 120°37′E / 18.33°N 120.62°E / 18.33; 120.62
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvinceIlocos Norte
District1st District
Barangays33 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorFerdinand Dancel Aguinaldo
 • Electorate20,839 voters (2016)
 • Total210.54 km2 (81.29 sq mi)
(2015 census)[3]
 • Total28,980
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)77
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class3rd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)117,464,310.03 (2016)
Native languagesIlocano

Pasuquin, officially the Municipality of Pasuquin, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 28,980 people.[3]

Pasuquin is a farming and fishing area. As of the mid-1990s, the principal local crops were rice, for home consumption, and garlic, much of which is exported to Taiwan.


Pasuquin is 503 kilometres (313 mi) from Metro Manila and 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Laoag City, the provincial capital.


Pasuquin is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.[2]

  • Batuli (San Isidro)
  • Binsang
  • Nalvo (Cababaan/Nalvo)
  • Caruan (Tulnagan)
  • Carusikis
  • Carusipan
  • Dadaeman
  • Darupidip
  • Davila
  • Dilanis
  • Dilavo
  • Estancia
  • Naglicuan
  • Nagsanga
  • Ngabangab
  • Pangil
  • Poblacion 1
  • Poblacion 2
  • Poblacion 3
  • Poblacion 4
  • Pragata (Pragata-Bungro)
  • Puyupuyan
  • Sulongan
  • Salpad (Salpad-Calumbuyan)
  • San Juan
  • Santa Catalina
  • Santa Matilde
  • Sapat
  • Sulbec
  • Surong
  • Susugaen (Cababaan-Surgui)
  • Tabungao
  • Tadao

Details of Barangays[edit]

Estancia: (Summer Capital of Pasuquin. Known for the locals for its scenic Sexy Beach and its refreshing halo halo <shakes>, and pork barbecue available just at the National Road)

Naglicuan: (Botanical Garden of Pasuquin. From the simple sampaguita to the high breed euphorbia & orchids, Naglicuan has evolved from a simple agricultural barangay to a profit-oriented plant breeding and propagation community). Nagsanga

Ngabangab: (Home of the back 2 back champion basketball 2007-2008)

Poblacion 1: It is the central part of the municipality(Houses the Municipal Hall, the ABC Hall, the Rural Health Unit, the Pasuquin Central Elementary School both East & West Campuses, the Arch of Liberty, Seventh-day Adventist Churches, the Roman Catholic, and the Church of Our Saviour, and the rests of the town plaza. It is also where the Saint James Academy is located. Produced Dr. Felix Aguinaldo Sr. (†) as Municipal Mayor, having the longest term in the history of the town, his son Present Town Mayor Oscar D. Aguinaldo, and his grandsons Oscar Ryan Aguinaldo first elected SK chairman and Ex-Officio member of the Municipal Council of Pasuquin and Bheng Aguinaldo (†) who was elected as the youngest Barangay Chairman in Pasuquin, but died in a car accident before taking his oath of office, Maj. Severo Domingo, Former Municipal Board Member and his betterhalf Dr. Carmen Domingo (†), Former President of the Senior Citizen, and their son Dr. Polly Domingo, among others).

Poblacion 2 (Most Outstanding Barangay 2004-2005. Known for its over a decade "Rambac ti Daya". Among its proud sons are Don Basilio Aguinaldo (†), first ever Presidente del Barrio <Municipal Mayor Equivalent> of Pasuquin, his great grandson Leonel Paet Aguinaldo, the youngest ever Barangay Councilman-Elect in the history of the 33 Barangays composing the town, Felix Josue (†), former OIC-Mayor, Felix "Peter" Aguinaldo Jr., Former Barangay Chairman and a Present Member of the Municipal Board, Dr. Alfredo Regidor Jr., Former Vice Mayor & Present Member of the Municipal Board, Ret. US Navy Martin Doctor and his better half Ms. Leticia Caldito-Doctor, Former SB Members; Dr. Rolando Dumlao, Municipal Health Officer, and his father Herminio Dumlao, former Barangay Chairman, Elpidio Ratuita, DILG Provincial Director, Dir. Thelma Dumlao-del Castillo, CHED Central Office OPPRI Chief, Dr. Elizabeth Arquillo, Dr. Tito Jaramillo, Former Municipal Board Member; Dr. Anderson Lazo, Engrs. Venson & Victor Salud, Engr. Allan Miguel, Engr. Neil Ratuita, the three Lady Barangay Chairpersons Isabel Dumalag, Ethelene Valdez-Aguinaldo, and Elnora Dalida-Caldito Rev. Jonathan Salud, among others. Also known for its Sentinella Hills, Nagrebcan & Magararay Rice Fields, and the existence of the Oldest Church in the town, the Iglesia Filipina Independiente, and the United Church of Christ in the Philippines. It is also where the Ilocos Norte Agricultural College, and the Town's Commercial Center are located).

Poblacion 3 (Barangay "Biscocho", simply for making the best tasting biscochos in the entire province. their product is patronized as far as the Islands of Hawaii, Mainland USA, and other parts of the world. It houses one of the three existing secondary schools in town-the Pasuquin Academy. Also known for its great contribution in the Sunflower Festival. Among its famous brains are Atty. Macario Arquillo, former Vice Mayor & Provincial Board Member, and Ms. Jovy Cariaga-Lavarias of the PCSO Main Office).

Poblacion 4 (Houses the cleanest slaughter house in the entire province. Known for its Baldi Bridge that connects downtown Pasuquin to the rural & coastal barangays of the town. Among its geniuses are Lt. Francis Dancel, Vice Mayor Rodolfo Valdez, former Barangay Chairman Armando Aguinaldo, and Accountants Arvin Tambio, Lester Gacho and Joemar Onnagan.

Pragata (Pragata-Bungro). Known for its relaxing, scenic views of the beach and farms, Pragats is a well-loved barangay going north-west of the Poblacion.

Puyupuyan (Known for its groto and the apparition in the late 80s and early 90s, Puyupuyan is one of the best Summer destinations in the town. With the presence of the ship wrecked believed to have been sank during the 1940s, the seashore just made it perfect for tourists for a great souvenir shot).Well known Puyupuyan-born gifted was Engineer Jay Grande, who is the Project Manager for D.A. Abcede and Associates,one of country's top project management and construction management firm.Projects includes Mall construction, which they handle SM malls for a long time now.

Tabungao. Situated in the mountaineous part of the town which is adjacent to Dilanis ,Dadaeman And Poblacion 2 with population of more than 300. Most Pasuquinos are not aware that one of the well known member of Anonymous Philippines , a group of Hactivist and gray hat hackers is proud product of this small Barangay.He is known in cyber community as TAB-U / Za.(sadot) responsible for defacing Government (other countries) website for protests and taking them down.Also cyber watchdog on election process in the Philippines.


Population census of Pasuquin
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,785—    
1918 9,192+2.04%
1939 10,065+0.43%
1948 12,407+2.35%
1960 12,262−0.10%
1970 14,775+1.88%
1975 16,258+1.94%
1980 17,813+1.84%
1990 21,410+1.86%
1995 23,027+1.37%
2000 24,739+1.55%
2007 26,307+0.85%
2010 27,952+2.23%
2015 28,980+0.69%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]

In the 2015 census, the population of Pasuquin was 28,980 people,[3] with a density of 140 inhabitants per square kilometre or 360 inhabitants per square mile.

Local government[edit]

As of the term 2013-2016, these are the elected officials of Pasuquin:

  • Vice Mayor: Pedro Rex R. Aguinaldo
  • Councilors:
    • Rachelle Leinaleigh A. Ferrer
    • Imelda G. Valdez
    • Elsie V. Bascao
    • Ferlind L. Dancel
    • Maria G. Calija
    • Armando M. Aguinaldo
    • Raem T. Dumlao
    • William R. Peralta

Government seal[edit]

Pasuquin Ilocos Norte.png

Shield, derived from the Provincial Seal of Ilocos Norte

Rice, Fish and Garlic, represent the major sources of income of the municipality

Salt Making, during off-season, people resort to salt making thereby increasing the income of the townspeople

Fieldspar Deposit, represent the town’s big deposit of fieldspar- a non-metallic mineral.


  • Davila - Salt Capital; Also known for its bonsai production & artistry. Home of the "Dumadara Festival" organized by the Roman Catholic Parish of St. Francis of Asisi.
  • Estancia- Summer Capital of Pasuquin. Known for its scenic Sexy Beach
  • Naglicuan - Botanic Garden of Pasuquin
  • Poblacion 2 - Sentinella Hills, Nagrebcan & Magararay Rice Fields, and the existence of the Old Roman Catholic Church Ruins. Home of the "Rambac ti Daya Festival"
  • Poblacion 3 - Barangay "Biscocho", simply for making the best tasting biscochos in the entire province. Home of the "Ragragsak ti Laud Festival"
  • Puyupuyan - Known for its grotto and the apparition in the late 80s and early 90s, Puyupuyan is one of the best Summer destinations in the town. With the presence of the ship wrecked believed to have sank during the Second World War, the seashores just made it perfect for tourists for a great souvenir shots
  • San Juan - Known for its summer getaway falls called "Calitungan"
  • Santa Matilde - hunting; mango tree production
  • Sapat - known for the PAF Airbase and the most restricted area in the town
  • Sulbec - known for its Put-tot Siraong Picnic Venues
  • Surong - known for its Luttuong falls
  • Tadao - Houses the biggest dam in the municipality. Also good for picnics, trekking and hiking escapades.
  • Susugaen - known for its own "Put-tot," a small lake, which many people visit because of its fresh, cold and clear water. Another attraction is the waterfall known as "Saypon" which used to served the villagers with abundance of water along with streams and rivers. "Suso Beach" is also located here. Furthermore, "Villa Florentina Beach Resort" is also situated between Sitio Cababan and Barangay Nalvo at the South-Western part.


  • Poblacion 2 - "Rambac ti Daya".
  • Poblacion 3 - "Ragragsak ti Laud"
  • Barangay 5: Davila - "Dumadara Festival: Fluvial Parade"
  • Semana Santa (Holy Week Celebration)
  • May Flower Festival (where the Sunflower Organization started a worldwide known Pageantry)
  • Town Fiesta in December from the 26th till the 30th.One of the highlights for the fiesta is the Inter-Barangay Basketball tournament and Inter-Agency Basketball tournament which include all groups of individual all over the town, also Balikbayan team included.
  • Panagsana Festival
  • Puyupuyan- Actually, the main attraction should be the old Spanish Tower located behind a grotto some fanatic people built. This fortress was built by the Spaniards as watchtower for some pirates roaming the ocean for their victims. The grotto they alleged to have some apparitions were never verified by either the government or the Church, yet some people believe that the grotto has healed some illness and brought some luck to fishermen. This depends on one's belief.

Panagsana Festival[edit]

It is the most known festival in Pasuquin. “Panagsana” is the Ilocano term used for this old-aged occupation. It means salt making, customarily done during summer and became the leading industry among the coastal folks in the municipality. The festival is annually celebrated on December during the town fiesta. Usually celebrated with street dances during the 29th of December, participated by the 8 clustered Barangays. Then, after, a showdown is held showcasing the history, legends, the beautiful Pasuquin, and the Traditional Salt Making.

The Sunflower Festival[edit]

An American film, Sunflowers (1996), directed by Shawn Hainsworth, an Independent U.S. Film Director, has made the Sunflower Festival internationally known. The film garnered critics recognition in the 1997 Chicago Gay and Lesbian Film Festival and other Film festivals in North America.

Sunflower members are also active in participation of the annual town fiesta in December, the Mayflower festivities and religious celebrations like Holy Week. Indeed, they may be gay but they are truly and undoubtedly assets to the community.

The Rambac ti Daya Festival[edit]

Poblacion 2 or better known as Dos, with almost 2,000 population annually celebrates the "RAMBAC ti DAYA" as a feast of thanksgiving to the Almighty Creator for bountiful harvests.. The unpredictable weather makes this event very surprising, as May is known to be the first month of the year with heavy rains..

Started in 1992 through a Municipal Ordinance, Poblacion Dos is known to be the pioneer barangay to come up with a barangay fiesta title-RAMBAC TI DAYA. This festivity culminates on the first two days of May, but usually preceded by an inter-zonal basketball tournament that runs for two to four weeks sponsored by the Sangguniang Kabataan..

One of the highlights of the festival is the community night, in which Barangay residents, local and foreign visitors gather together at the barangay plaza known as "Plaza Murit", for merry-making through community KTV, beer drinking, exchanging goodies, reuniting with good old folk, and simply enjoying and sharing abundant blessings.

The festival ends on the second day of May. A thanksgiving mass is offered in the first hour of the morning, followed by a motorists' parade downtown. After the motorcade, various Palarong Nayon are played by children and adult residents alike, where big prizes are at stake.

At night, the festival ends with a Sagalas/Santa Cruzan, a tribute to Queen Elena on her way to the Holy Cross. The Flores de Mayo parades young kids as they are dressed in their respective personas.

In the Flores De Mayo program, the Gawad Rambac ti Daya, Most Outstanding Anak ti Dos is awarded to the most deserving resident that made great impact and unsurmounted selfless contributions through civil service, social work, religious, and human rights advocacy, and youth and sports development.

The Dumadara Festival[edit]

An annual fluvial parade festival started by the Davileneos, particularly the Roman Catholic Parish of St. Francis of Asisi. Davila is a coastal barangay of Pasuquin, and their main harvest is dumadara (a certain fish). They associated the festival to the Blessed Virgin Mary, whom the Month of May is dedicated, as a thanksgiving for a bountiful fishing. Fisherfolks from Davila are made to decorate their bangkas (boats) for the fluvial parade. There are many activities hold also during the festival like boat race, and eating delectable grilled fish (Dumadara)with the guests.

Holy Week Celebration[edit]

The coastal town of Pasuquin celebrates its Holy Week with much religiosity and solemnity. The celebration starts on Palm Sunday (Domingo de Ramos) and ends on Easter Sunday (Domingo de Pascua). Each year, townspeople from all walks of life come together to celebrate the Most Holy Passion and Death of our Lord.

There are a total of 3 processions during Holy Week in St. James the Greater Parish, Pasuquin's Roman Catholic Church. The Holy Tuesday procession, better known as "Estacion General", Good Friday (the Holy Burial) and Easter Sunday (the "Encuentro" or "Sabet" in Ilocano). The processional images are enthroned in their respective carozzas with floral arrangements and elaborate lighting fixtures.

During Good Fridays, the "Stabat Mater" in Latin is sung by a long array of "cantoras" (townspeople) following the Santo Entierro (Dead Christ). Pasuquin is the only remaining town in Ilocos that practices this beautiful tradition/heritage handed by its forebears. The singing of the "Stabat Mater" in Pasuquin has been in existence for more than a century.


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Ilocos Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  5. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  6. ^ "Province of Ilocos Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]