Pasuvanthanai

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Pasuvanthanai (பசுவந்தனை)
Pasuvai
Village
Pasuvanthanai (பசுவந்தனை) is located in Tamil Nadu
Pasuvanthanai (பசுவந்தனை)
Pasuvanthanai (பசுவந்தனை)
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°59′56″N 77°57′54″E / 8.99889°N 77.96500°E / 8.99889; 77.96500Coordinates: 8°59′56″N 77°57′54″E / 8.99889°N 77.96500°E / 8.99889; 77.96500
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Thoothukudi
Elevation 60 m (200 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 4,185
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 628718
Telephone code 0461
Vehicle registration TN 69
Nearest city Kovilpatti
Sex ratio 1,083 /
Lok Sabha constituency Thoothukudi
Assembly constituency Vilathikulam

Pasuvanthanai or Passuvandanai (Tamil : பசுவந்தனை) is a panchayat village in Ottapidaram Taluk in Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Geography[edit]

Passuvandanai is 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the district headquarters Thoothukudi. It lies 10 kilometres (6 mi) east of Kadambur on the Madurai-Nellai railway line, 20 kilometres (10 mi) east of Kayathar off the North-South Corridor, and 11 kilometres (7 mi) west of Eppothum Vendram on the Madurai-Thoothukudi National Highway.

Climate and Rainfall[edit]

The climate of Pasuvanthanai is hot and dry. Temperatures range between a maximum of 37 °C (99 °F) and a minimum of 22 °C (72 °F).
April to June are the hottest months and December and January are coldest, with temperatures rising towards the end of February. Rainfall occurs mostly during the north-east monsoon in the months of October to December, and a few summer showers are experienced in May.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Pasuvanthanai had a population of 4186. There were 2014 males and 2172 females; the effective sex ratio was 1,078 females per 1000 males, above the state average of 995. 467 were aged 0–6 years, of whom 243 were male and 224 were female. Scheduled Castes constituted one-fourth of the population. 2721 persons were literate, for a literacy rate of 65%.

Agriculture & Commerce[edit]

Dry land agriculture predominates in Pasuvanthanai. Due to the vagaries of the monsoon, agriculture is not profitable. Black gram, green gram, groundnuts, pearl millet, sesame, red chillies, cotton and maize are widely cultivated. Paddy is also cultivated on few parts. Animal husbandry, mostly goat and sheep, has become popular due to the difficult dry farming conditions. People are involved in trade and commerce. Pasuvanthanai is served by PandyanGrama Bank, Tamilnad mercantile bank and Pasuvanthanai Co-Operative Bank. ATM services are offered by Tamilnad Mercantile Bank and indicash.

Schools[edit]

Government Higher Secondary School

Panchayat Union Primary School

St James R C Primary School

Transport[edit]

State Highway 77 crisscrosses through Pasuvanthanai and connects it with Kovilpatti and Puthiamputhur. Regular bus service operates to places like Thoothukudi, Kovilpatti, Tirunelveli, Kayathar, and Chennai.

The nearest railway station is 14 kilometres (9 mi) away, at Kadambur.

Temples[edit]

This village is blessed by siddhar known as sangu swamy, his samathi is still present in village, a mutt is raised in memory of him.

Details of Temple Arch on Temple street

Arulmigu Sri Kailasanathar udanurai Sri Anandhavalli Ambaal Thirukovil

Arulmigu Pathirakali Amman Thirukovil

Sangu Swamy Samathi

Arulmigu Vadakuvai Selvi Thirukovil

Village deity Temple
Pasuvanthanai kailaasanathar temple arch

Arulmigu Sri Kailasanathar udanurai Sri Anandhavalli Ambaal Thirukovil[edit]

The main deity Kailasanathar is in linga form and it is a Suyambu in origin, goddess is Anadhavalli.
The legend goes by the way that, this village and surrounding village were grazing ground for the cows of local chieftain from kayathar. Everyday a cow moved away from its herd and worshipped a linga under the vilvam tree and offered its milk. Taking cognizance of total volume of milk going down gradually, king ordered to find the reason. To a surprise, his servants found a cow worshipping and offering milk. They dug the place and found to a lingam underneath the tree. A temple was raised on the same place.
This temple is rich in sculptures and pond with its flight of steps add beauty to the temple & the village.
Currently the temple is maintained by Arulmighu Kailasanathasamy Devasthanam board. The noteworthy feature of the temple is bala Murugan as Somaskandhar is present in a separate shrine in between the main deity Kailasnathar shrine and Goddess Ananthavalli shrine and also the temple has statue of all 64 nayanmar's facing North
It has separate shrine for Mahalakshmi, the goddess of wealth and Saraswathi, the goddess of wisdom.
It also has a separate shrine for Sanishavarar apart from the navagraham shrine. Beautifully crafted magnificent pillared halls adds splendid beauty to the temple.
On an ordinary day visitors could see all the mounts of the deities parked inside the temple premises in the pillared halls. visitors could also see permanent huge pillars cut out of single granite rocks standing in front of the temple as it serves to put huge pandal in front of the temple during festivities. These pillar rocks are very old and few of them has paved way to concrete pillars.
The Grand Chitirai festival in celebrated with religious fervor and gaiety during the Tamil month of Cithirai.
The festival is celebrated for 11 days with deities taken on a grand procession on different mounts on each day.
The main event, Therottam (Temple Car festival) falls on the 9th day of the festival where people hailing from distant villages of the district participate to pull the grand temple car around the 4 majestic streets surrounding the temple. The festival ends with the Thirukalyanam (celestial wedding) of Sri Kailasanathar with Sri Anandavalli Amman on the 11th day.
The festival starts with the Flag hoisting (Kodiettram) in the Temple's Kodimaram, followed by procession of deities, Sri Balivinayagar hustiradevar, shiva and amman.

2nd Day - Procession of deity on karpaga vriksham and kamadhenu mount.

Temple car parked post run

3rd Day - Procession of deity on pudha Simha mount.
4th Day - Procession of deity on Rishaba mount.
5th Day - Procession of deity on Indira viman mount.
6th Day - Procession of deity on Elephant and Annam mount.
7th Day - Procession of deity on Natarajar
8th Day - Procession of deity on Horse, palanquin, ravaneeswaran and parrot mount.
9th Day - Procession of deity on Temple Car/chariot.
10th Day - Theerthavari.
11th Day - Celestial Wedding, and bring the 11 day festival to end.

Annaabishegam is celebrated on the full moon day of Tamil month of Ippasi and Siva-Rathiri is observed in traditional way during the month of Maasi.

Soorasambharam is also celebrated in much colorful way, with artist performing acts of soorasambaram with huge dolls.

Heavy and huge pots(3 in no) made of copper are present inside the temple and it is used to store paddy which is harvested from the land belonging to temple. These pots are very old in age and it attracts the visitors-by for its size and shape.

Visitors could see huge bats present in the tall ilupam tree present in the backyard of the temple.

Epigraph in Pasuvanthanai[edit]

Couple of inscriptions are found inside Kailasanathasamy Temple and these throw light in the history of the temple and its origin.[1]
The inscription says about the land donations given to the temple by Aalasundara Perumal for the construction of the Sivan temple.
These inscriptions belongs to 1245 AD the period of 7th regnal year of Great King Maravarman SundaraPandiyan II. Interestingly the inscription also says on the country & old name of the village, as per the inscription, this village belongs to "mudhukudi nadu" and it's classical name is "pasunthalaiyana pavithra maanikapuram"

External links[edit]

Citations[edit]