Pat Kelly (musician)
|Birth name||Horatious Adolphus Kelly|
|Born||6 August 1944|
|Died||16 July 2019(aged 74)|
|Occupation(s)||Singer, producer, recording engineer|
|Associated acts||The Techniques|
Horatious Adolphus "Pat" Kelly (6 August 1944 – 16 July 2019) was a Jamaican rocksteady and reggae singer, whose career began in the mid-1960s. He recorded as a solo artist and as a member of the vocal group the Techniques.
Kelly was born in Kingston in 1949. After leaving school, he spent a year studying electronics in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States during 1966, gaining a degree in audio electronics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, before returning to Jamaica. He initially recorded as a solo artist for his former schoolmate, producer Bunny Lee. In 1967, when Slim Smith left The Techniques, Kelly was brought in to replace him, recording for Duke Reid in the rocksteady era when Reid's Treasure Isle studio/label was dominating Jamaican music. Kelly's falsetto voice, strongly influenced by the American soul singer Sam Cooke, in combination with Winston Riley and Bruce Ruffin, maintained the success that The Techniques had enjoyed with Smith. The Techniques first record with Kelly, "You Don't Care", adapted from Curtis Mayfield's "You'll Want Me Back", spent six weeks at number one in the Jamaican singles chart, and was followed by further hits.
In 1968, Kelly went solo again, working again with Lee, and recording another Mayfield cover, "Little Boy Blue". He also recorded for Phil Pratt. Kelly's "How Long Will It Take" was the biggest-selling Jamaican single of 1969, and was the first Jamaican record to feature a string arrangement, which was overdubbed when it was released in the United Kingdom on the Palmer Brothers' Gas label. An album followed, the Lee "Scratch" Perry-engineered Pat Kelley Sings (sic), and Kelly was offered a £25,000 contract by Apple Records, which he was unable to accept due to existing contractual commitments. Kelly continued to record, having a big hits for producer Phil Pratt in 1972 with "Soulful Love" and "Talk About Love", and returning to record with Duke Reid, having another hit with a cover of John Denver's "Sunshine". He fell back on his earlier training, working as an engineer at several studios including Channel One and King Tubby's. He also moved into production, producing his own Youth and Youth album in 1978, and co-producing (with Holt) John Holt's The Impressable John Holt (Disco Mix) album in 1979. The late 1970s and early 1980s saw Kelly recording more regularly again, and he continued to record occasionally in the years that followed.
Kelly died on 16 July 2019, aged 74, from complications of kidney disease. He was survived by widow Ingrid, two sons and a daughter. He is buried at Dovecot Memorial Park and Crematory in St. Catherine.
- Pat Kelley Sings (1969), Pama
- Give Love a Try (1978), Third World
- Youth and Youth (1978), Live & Love
- Lonely Man (1978), Burning Sounds
- Lovers Rock (1979), Third World (with Johnny Clarke and Hortense Ellis)
- One Man Stand (1979), Third World/Puff
- So Proud (1979), Burning Rockers/Chanan-Jah
- Cool Breezing (197?), Sunshot
- Wish It Would Rain (1980), Joe Gibbs
- From Both Sides (1980), Ita
- Sunshine (1980), KG Imperial
- Srevol (1983), Ethnic Fight UK
- Pat Kelly and Friends (1984), Chanan-Jah
- One In a Million (1984), Sky Note
- Ordinary Man (1987), Body Music
- Cry For You No More (1988), Blue Moon
- Are You For Real (with Los Aggrotones) (2012), Interrogator Records
- The Best of Pat Kelly (1983), Vista Sounds
- Butterflies, Sonic Sounds
- Classic Hits of Pat Kelly (1995), Rhino
- Classics (199?), Super Power
- Soulful Love - The Best Of (1997), Trojan (Pat Kelly & Friends)
- The Vintage Series (2000), VP
- Sings Classical Hits Galore, Striker Lee
- Perry, Kediesha (2019) "Fraternity bids farewell to singer Pat Kelly", Jamaica Observer, 19 August 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019
- Larkin, Colin (1998). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Reggae. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-7535-0242-9.
- Bonitto, Brian (2019) "Aug 17 send-off for singer Pat Kelly", Jamaica Observer, 29 July 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2019
- Hamilton, Andrew "Pat Kelly Biography", Allmusic. Retrieved 17 August 2019
- Thompson, Dave (2002). Reggae & Caribbean Music. Backbeat Books. ISBN 0-87930-655-6.
- Black, Roy (2019) "Remembering Singer Pat Kelly", Jamaica Gleaner, 21 July 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019
- Barrow, Steve; Dalton, Peter (1997). Reggae: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-247-0.
- Ehrengardt, Thibault (2014) Jamaican Greats, Dread Editions, ISBN 978-2953398274, p. 71
- Katz, David (2015) "A beginner’s guide to King Tubby, the producer who turned dub into an art form", Fact, 19 May 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2019
- Lipsky, Jessica (2018) "Rocksteady Legend Pat Kelly Hits Southern California", OC Weekly, 21 August 2018. Retrieved 20 August 2019
- Campbell, Howard (2019) "Singer Pat Kelly is dead", Jamaica Observer, 16 July 2019. Retrieved 16 July 2019