Pat Summitt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pat Summitt
Pat-Summitt-Walter-Reed-Center-06-24-08-2.jpg
Summitt at The Pentagon on June 24, 2008
Sport(s) Women's college basketball
Biographical details
Born (1952-06-14)June 14, 1952
Clarksville, Tennessee
Died June 28, 2016(2016-06-28) (aged 64)
Knoxville, Tennessee
Playing career
1970–1974 Tennessee–Martin
Coaching career (HC unless noted)
1974–2012 Tennessee
Head coaching record
Overall 1,098–208 (.841)
Accomplishments and honors
Championships
  • 8× NCAA Division I (1987, 1989, 1991, 1996–1998 , 2007, 2008)
  • 16× SEC regular season (1980, 1985, 1990, 1993–1995, 1998, 1999–2004, 2007, 2010, 2011)
  • 16× SEC Tournament (1980, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010–2012)
Awards
  • 8× SEC Coach of the Year (1993, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2011)
  • 7× NCAA Coach of the Year (1983, 1987, 1989, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2004)
  • Naismith Coach of the 20th Century
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom (2012)
Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2000

Patricia Sue "Pat" Summitt (née Head; June 14, 1952 – June 28, 2016) was an American college basketball head coach whose 1,098 career wins are the most in NCAA basketball history.[1] She served as the head coach of the University of Tennessee Lady Vols basketball team from 1974 to 2012, before retiring at age 59 because of a diagnosis of early-onset Alzheimer's disease.[2] She won eight NCAA championships (a NCAA women's record when she retired), a number surpassed only by the 10 titles won by UCLA men's coach John Wooden and the 11 titles won by UConn women's coach Geno Auriemma. She was the first NCAA coach, and one of four college coaches overall, with at least 1,000 wins.[3]

Summitt also won two Olympic medals: a gold as head coach of the 1984 U.S. women's basketball team and a silver as a player on the 1976 team. She was named the Naismith Basketball Coach of the Century in 2000. In 2009, the Sporting News placed her at number 11 on its list of the 50 Greatest Coaches of All Time in all sports; she was the only woman on the list. In 38 years as a coach, she never had a losing season. In 2012, Summitt was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama and received the Arthur Ashe Courage Award at the 2012 ESPY Awards.

Summitt wrote three books, all with co-author Sally Jenkins: Reach for the Summitt, which is part motivational book and part biography; Raise the Roof, about the Lady Vols' 1997–1998 undefeated and NCAA-championship winning season; and Sum It Up, covering her life including her experience being diagnosed and living with Alzheimer's disease.[4]

Early life and family[edit]

Summitt was born Patricia Sue Head on June 14, 1952[5] in Clarksville, Tennessee, the daughter of Richard and Hazel Albright Head.[6] In her early years, she was known as Trish.[7]

She had four siblings: older brothers Tommy, Charles and Kenneth, and a younger sister, Linda.[8] She married Ross Barnes Summitt II in 1980 from whom she filed for divorce in 2007.[9] They have one son, Ross Tyler Summitt, born in 1990.

When Summitt was in high school, her family moved to nearby Henrietta, so she could play basketball in Cheatham County because Clarksville did not have a girls team. From there, Summitt went to University of Tennessee at Martin where she was a member of Chi Omega Sorority and won All-American honors, playing for UT–Martin's first women's basketball coach, Nadine Gearin. In 1970, with the passage of Title IX still two years away, there were no athletic scholarships for women. Each of Summitt's brothers had gotten an athletic scholarship, but her parents had to pay her way to college. She later co-captained the United States women's national basketball team as a player at the inaugural women's tournament in the 1976 Summer Olympics, winning the silver medal. Eight years later in 1984, she coached the U.S. women's team to an Olympic gold medal, becoming the first U.S. Olympian to win a basketball medal and coach a medal-winning team.[10]

Tyler Summitt, who played as a walk-on for the Tennessee men's basketball team,[11] graduated from Tennessee in May 2012, was hired as an assistant coach by the Marquette University women's team effective with the 2012–13 season.[12] In what ESPN.com columnist Gene Wojciechowski called "a bittersweet irony", Tyler's hiring by Marquette was announced on the same day his mother announced her retirement.[13]

Coaching career[edit]

1970s[edit]

Just before the 1974–75 season, with women's college basketball still in its infancy and not yet an NCAA-sanctioned sport, 22-year-old Summitt became a graduate assistant at the University of Tennessee, and was named head coach of the Lady Vols after the previous coach suddenly quit. Summitt earned $250 monthly and washed the players' uniforms – uniforms purchased the previous year with proceeds from a donut sale. Summitt recalled that era of women's basketball during a February 2009 interview with Time. "I had to drive the van when I first started coaching," Summitt said. "One time, for a road game, we actually slept in the other team's gym the night before. We had mats, we had our little sleeping bags. When I was a player at the University of Tennessee–Martin, we played at Tennessee Tech for three straight games, and we didn't wash our uniforms. We only had one set. We played because we loved the game. We didn't think anything about it."[14]

During Summitt's first year as head coach, four of her players were only a year younger than she was and all were from Tennessee high schools, which until 1980 [15] employed a six-person game where offensive and defensive players never crossed mid-court. She coached her first game for Tennessee on December 7, 1974 against Mercer University in Macon, Georgia; the Lady Vols lost 84–83.[16] Her first win came almost a month later when the Lady Vols defeated Middle Tennessee State, 69–32 on January 10, 1975.[17] The Lady Vols won the Tennessee College Women's Sports Federation (TCWSF) Eastern District Championship for the third straight year. However, the team finished 4th overall in the TCWSF (they had been second the previous two years), and were not invited to the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) tournament.[18]

In her second season, Summitt coached the Lady Vols to a 16–11 record while earning her 1976 master's degree in physical education and training as the co-captain of the 1976 U.S. Women's Olympic basketball team that won a silver medal in Montreal. Starting with the 1976–77 season, Summitt directed two 20-win teams, winning back-to-back AIAW Region II championships. The Lady Vols defeated 3-time AIAW champion Delta State by 20 points in 1978, and earned Tennessee its first number one ranking.[19] 1978 saw the Lady Vols participate in their first AIAW Final Four, where they finished third. Summitt also recorded her 100th win during this season, a 79–66 victory over NC State.[20] Tennessee closed the 1970s by winning the first-ever SEC tournament, and returning to the AIAW Final Four, where they finished runner-up to Old Dominion, 68–53.[17]

1980s[edit]

During the 1980–81 season, the Lady Vols went 25–6, and avenged their championship game loss to Old Dominion by defeating them three times. The team made it to the AIAW Final Four for the third straight year; finished runner-up for the second consecutive year, losing to Louisiana Tech, 79–59.[21]

The 1981–82 season featured the first ever NCAA Women's basketball tournament. The Lady Vols were one of 32 teams invited and named a 2 seed in their region. In the region championship, the Lady Vols upset top-seeded USC 91–90 in overtime to advance to the Final Four. They lost their Final Four match-up with Louisiana Tech, which went on to win the tournament.[22]

The next season, the Lady Vols won the regular season SEC title but fell in the SEC tournament to Georgia. Tennessee was invited to the now-36 team NCAA tournament and awarded its first-ever 1 seed. Tennessee made it to the regional championship, but fell to Georgia again, 67–63. Summitt won her 200th game on December 3, a 69–56 victory over St. John's during the Coca-Cola Classic in Detroit.[20]

The 1983–84 season saw Tennessee start out 6–4. However, Summitt rallied her team and finished 22–10, for her eighth straight 20-win season, a streak that still continues. Tennessee not only made it to the NCAA Final Four for the second time in the first three tournaments, but also made it to the title game. However, Tennessee lost by 11 to USC, which also had won the title the previous year. Pat Summitt earned Coach of the Year honors.[23] This season was followed up by another 20-win year in which Tennessee earned both the regular season SEC title (despite only going 4–4) and the tournament title. However, the Lady Vols fell in the NCAA Tournament to Ole Miss during the round of 16. The next season was a similar story – the Lady Vols had a good regular season, played a great tournament (reaching the Final Four for the second time in three years), but fell before winning the title.[24]

In 1986–87, Tennessee broke through and defeated perennial power Louisiana Tech 67–44 to win the Lady Vols first national title. Tennessee's Tonya Edwards was named the Most Outstanding Player in the Final Four. During the regular season, Summitt also earned her 300th win, an 87–66 victory over North Carolina.[20] The next year in 1987–88, the Lady Vols were positioned to repeat as Tennessee made it to the Final Four yet again. However, Louisiana Tech avenged the previous year's championship game loss with a 9-point victory and went on to win the title.[25]

In 1988–89, the Lady Vols reached the Final Four for the fourth straight year. After eliminating Maryland by 12 points, Tennessee faced SEC rival Auburn for the national title. Auburn had lost by two points to Louisiana Tech in the NCAA title game the previous year and had suffered its only loss in the SEC Championship game by 15 points to Tennessee. The championship game was similar as Tennessee took home its second title in three years with a 76–60 victory. It was Tennessee's best season yet; the Lady Vols won 35 games while losing only a two regular season contests to Auburn and Texas. The Lady Vols won every NCAA tournament game by at least 12 points.[17]

In 1989–90, the Lady Vols started off the season well, winning the SEC title. However, the team fell by 1 point to Auburn in the SEC Championship Game and lost in overtime to Virginia in the regional finals, one game shy of making a trip to the Final Four, which that year was held in Knoxville. Summitt accomplished another milestone that season with her 400th win, a 70–69 victory over South Carolina on January 25.[20]

1990s[edit]

Tennessee failed to win the SEC regular season or the tournament championship in 1990–91, but after a close win in the NCAA regional semifinals against Western Kentucky, the Lady Vols eliminated Auburn for the second time in three years. In the national semifinals, the Lady Vols beat Stanford, 68–60, to earn the chance to avenge the previous year's tournament loss against Virginia. Just as the previous year's game had gone into overtime, so did this one. Tennessee escaped with a 70–67 win and its third national title in five years. The next season in 1991–92, the Lady Vols did not make it to the regional championship, falling 75–70 to the same Western Kentucky team they had beaten in that round the previous year. In 1992–93, Tennessee defeated the defending champions Stanford twice and swept the SEC season for the first time. However, the Lady Vols were unable to win the SEC tournament title and fell 72–56 in the NCAA tournament to Iowa in the regional finals.[26]

Early in the 1993–94 season, Summitt grabbed her 500th win, an 80–45 win over Ohio State on November 21. Tennessee went on to win the regular season and tournament SEC titles before falling 71–68 to Louisiana Tech in the regional semifinals. The next season marked Tennessee's return to the Final Four. Tennessee went undefeated in the SEC regular season for the third straight year, but failed to win the tournament title. The top-seeded Lady Vols breezed their way to atj fifth national title game, with no other tournament game being closer than 21 points. However, in the national championship game, the Lady Vols fell 70–64 to the undefeated UConn Huskies, coached by her rival, Geno Auriemma, in the first of eleven championships for UConn. During the off-season, Pat Summitt recruited high school stand-out Chamique Holdsclaw.[27]

In 1995–96, with freshman Holdsclaw and senior Michelle Marciniak, the Lady Vols won the SEC tournament and made a second straight Final Four trip. In the semifinals, the Lady Vols avenged the previous year's tournament loss to UConn by ousting Auriemma and the Huskies with a hard-fought 5-point win in overtime. The championship game was not that close as Tennessee easily won its fourth title with an 83–65 win over Georgia.[28]

The 1996–97 Lady Vols posted one of the worst records ever for a Summitt-coached team. In addition to losses to powerhouses such as Louisiana Tech (twice), Stanford, Old Dominion, and Connecticut, Tennessee fell to teams such as Florida, against whom they had been previously undefeated. After the tenth loss of the season, in the SEC semifinals to Auburn, the team pulled together in time for the NCAA Tournament. After avenging a regular-season loss to undefeated Connecticut, Tennessee continued on its way to the championship game, where it avenged another loss, defeating Old Dominion by 9 for a second straight national title.[29] Summitt also earned her 600th win during the season, a 15- point victory over Marquette on November 23, 1996.[20]

In many aspects, the 1997–98 team was Summitt's best. With the top-ranked recruiting class as well as Chamique Holdsclaw, the Lady Vols ran the table to a 39–0 season while playing one of the top-ranked schedules in the country. Only three teams came within 10 points of beating the team, and the Lady Vols won a 93–75 victory over Louisiana Tech for their third straight national championship.[30]

Holdsclaw (who by then had won national championships every season she was with the Vols) had predicted the 1998–99 team would be the greatest ever. However, Tennessee didn't claim another national title or make it to the Final Four. Injuries to several players decimated the team and the Lady Vols ultimately fell to Duke in the regional finals. A landmark was set during this season however, as Holdsclaw, Tamika Catchings, and Semeka Randall became the first trio from one team to be named Kodak All-Americans.[17]

The Lady Vols ended the decade with a third straight 30-win season, third straight SEC title, and third straight SEC Tournament title. Additionally, they defeated UConn in the regular season, 72–71, in UConn's only loss of the year. In the NCAA tournament, Tennessee breezed its way to the title game, winning all five games by at least 10 points. In the championship game the Lady Vols were beaten soundly by UConn, 71–52. This marked the fourth time in six years that either Tennessee or UConn had eliminated the other from the tournament. UConn's two wins in that period came in championship games, adding more intensity to the Summit-Auriemma rivalry. During the season, Summitt earned her 700th win, 85–62 at Wisconsin.[17]

At the 2000 ESPY awards, the Lady Vols basketball team was named co-team of the decade, along with the Florida State Seminoles football team.[31] Additionally, Pat Summitt was named the Naismith Coach of the Century and Chamique Holdsclaw earned recognition as Naismith Women's Collegiate Player of the Century.[17]

2000s[edit]

In the 2000–01 season, the Lady Vols claimed another SEC title, winning all 14 SEC games. Additionally, they split the season series with the UConn Huskies and headed into the SEC tournament with a 28–1 record. However, the Lady Vols were upset by Vanderbilt in the semifinals and then lost in the Sweet Sixteen to Xavier, their worst finish since 1993–94. During the regular season, Summitt earned her 750th win in the second game against UConn, a 92–88 victory. The team also finished with its fourth straight 30-win season.[20]

In the 2001–02 season, The Lady Vols won their fifth straight SEC championship, but fell again in the conference tournament, this time to LSU. In the NCAA tournament, Tennessee reached the Final Four again, with a 5-point win over Vanderbilt University. This trip to the Final Four marked Summitt's 13th appearance, which broke Coach John Wooden's record of 12, and earned her 788th win, which tied Summitt with Jody Conradt for the winningest coach in women's basketball history.[20] However, the Lady Vols fell in the national semifinals to Connecticut, which wound up winning the championship and capping an undefeated season. This loss ended the season at 29–5, one win shy of extending Summitt's streak of 30-win seasons. Summitt did achieve more milestones during the season; a 106–66 win over USC marked Summitt's 200th win at home, a victory against Louisiana Tech was her 300th win against a ranked opponent and her 93–65 win over Arkansas was her 1,000th game as a coach, including international contests.[20]

During the 2002–03 season, the Lady Vols compiled their 6th perfect SEC season and beat powerhouses Duke and Louisiana Tech, among others, during the regular season, but lost to Texas and UConn. In the NCAA tournament, the Lady Vols made it to the title game only to lose to the Huskies again 73–68.[32] During the season, Summitt earned her 800th win, 76–57 over DePaul and was the fastest coach to reach this milestone.[20]

The 2003–04 season was similar to the previous year. The Lady Vols defeated most of their regular season opponents, including Duke and Louisiana Tech, but dropped games to UConn and Texas. The Lady Vols again went 14–0 in the regular season against SEC competition, but again fell in the conference tournament. Tennessee won five games in the NCAA tournament only to lose 70–61 to Connecticut in the championship game for the second year in a row and third time in five years.[33]

In 2004–05, Tennessee broke its losing streak against Connecticut with a narrow 68–67 regular season victory. Candace Parker, a highly regarded and nationally known high school player joined the Lady Vols. However, because of injuries, she was redshirted and didn't play that sesson. Tennessee suffered losses during the regular season to Duke, Rutgers, and LSU, while beating Stanford and Louisiana Tech. LSU's win over Tennessee gave the Tigers the SEC title, breaking Tennessee's streak of seven straight regular season conference championships. However, Tennessee won its first tournament title in four years by avenging its earlier loss to LSU loss with a 67–65 win in the SEC Championship game. In the NCAA tournament, Tennessee advanced to its fourth Final Four in a row by defeating a Rutgers team that had beaten them earlier in the year. In the Final Four, the Lady Vols blew a 16-point lead to fall 68–64 to underdog Michigan State.[34][35] In the second round of the NCAA Tournament, the Lady Vols defeated Purdue. This victory gave Pat Summitt her 880th win, breaking North Carolina coach Dean Smith's record of 879 wins, and making her the all-time winningest coach in NCAA basketball history.[20]

By 2005–06, Candace Parker had recovered from her injuries and became a starter. During the season, the Lady Vols dropped three games to SEC foes, LSU, Florida, and Kentucky, to record their worst SEC season since the 1996–97 season. However, they won their second straight game against Connecticut and rebounded from a sub-par SEC season to win the conference tournament for the second year in a row. In the NCAA tournament, Tennessee received a number two seed instead of the one seed Summitt believed her team deserved, and played North Carolina in the regional finals. Tennessee trailed from the beginning, fell behind by as many as 16, rallied to cut the lead to five, but ultimately fell 75–63.[36] This loss marked the first time in five years Summitt would not appear in the Final Four.[citation needed]

In the 2006–07 season, Tennessee defeated four ranked teams in a row: UCLA, Stanford, Arizona State, and Middle Tennessee, lost a regular season rematch with North Carolina and another game against top-ranked Duke, and defeated UConn for the third time in a row.[37] Later, in Baton Rouge, the Lady Vols clinched the SEC title against LSU in a game where Candace Parker scored 27.[38] However, in the SEC tournament semifinals, Tennessee fell to the Tigers.[39] In the NCAA tournament, Summitt's team easily made it to the Final Four, dispatching teams that included SEC foe Mississippi and 13-seeded Cinderella, Marist, winning each game by at least 14. In the Final Four, Tennessee again faced North Carolina. Despite shooting poorly,[40] the Lady Vols came back from a 12-point deficit with 8:18 remaining to win 56–50.[41] In the championship game against Rutgers, Tennessee won its seventh title.[42] During the season, Summitt appeared at a men's basketball game dressed in a cheerleader outfit and led the crowd in a rendition of "Rocky Top" to show her support for the team. A month earlier, her men's counterpart, Bruce Pearl, showed up at a Lady Vols game in orange body paint.[43]

2007–2008 Lady Vols basketball team at the White House after they won their second consecutive national championship

The 2007–08 season started off with the top-ranked Lady Vols going 3–0, including wins over 9th-ranked Oklahoma[44] and 22nd-ranked Texas. The win over Texas was Summitt's 950th.[45] After two more wins, top-ranked Tennessee knocked off fourth-ranked North Carolina, 83–79, in a rematch of the previous year's Final Four match-up.[46] Tennessee won their next four games, then headed to California for a match-up with 5th-ranked Stanford. Down by 4 with less than 30 seconds remaining, the Lady Vols managed to tie the game up and send it to overtime, but lost, 73–69.[47] The Lady Vols responded by winning their next seven games, giving them a 17–1 record going into a match-up with Duke. Candace Parker's 17 points and 12 rebounds, including a bucket with 22 seconds remaining, helped the Lady Vols defeat the Blue Devils for the first time in four years, 67–64.[48] Tennessee would win the rest of their regular season games and defeat LSU for the SEC Tournament Championship. The Lady Vols won four straight games in the NCAA Tournament heading toward their third matchup of the year against the LSU Lady Tigers in the Final Four. Alexis Hornbuckle tipped in a Nicky Anosike missed layup with 0.7 seconds left to win the game, 47–46. On April 8, 2008, Tennessee won its second consecutive national championship (and eighth overall) by beating Stanford 64–48.[49]

Summitt's first milestone of the 2008–09 season was a 73–43 win over the Georgia Lady Bulldogs on February 5, 2009 at Thompson–Boling Arena in Knoxville. The win was number 1000 for Coach Summitt. The Thompson–Boling Arena's court was named "The Summitt" in her honor. The 2008–09 season ended with a dubious first, as the Lady Vols lost 71–55 in the first round of the NCAA tournament to Ball State in Bowling Green, Kentucky, marking the first time Tennessee would not appear in the Sweet 16 since the NCAA first sanctioned championships in women's basketball for the 1981–82 season.[50]

Health, end of coaching career, and death[edit]

In August 2011, Summitt announced that she had been diagnosed three months earlier with Early-onset Alzheimer's disease.[51] Despite the diagnosis, she completed the 2011–2012 season, but with a reduced role, while Holly Warlick, an assistant under Summitt since 1985, assumed most of the coaching responsibilities.[52][53] In an interview with GoVolsXtra.com, she stated, "There's not going to be any pity party and I'll make sure of that."[54]

After the season, which ended with the Lady Vols losing to the eventual unbeaten national champion Baylor Lady Bears in the Elite Eight in Des Moines, on April 18, 2012, Summitt officially stepped down as head coach, ending her 38-year coaching career. Warlick was named Summitt's successor. In a statement accompanying her resignation, Summitt said, "I feel like Holly's been doing the bulk of it. She deserves to be the head coach..." Summitt was given the title Head Coach Emeritus upon her resignation.[55] According to NCAA regulations, as head coach emeritus, she was able to attend practices and assist Warlick in some duties, but was not allowed to sit on the team bench.[56]

Summitt finished her coaching career with 1,098 wins in 1,306 games coached in AIAW and NCAA Division I play.[57]

Summitt died at the age of 64 on June 28, 2016, at a senior living facility in Knoxville.[1] She left the entirety of her estate to her son, Tyler.[58]

Coaching style[edit]

Summitt was widely reckoned as one of the toughest coaches in college basketball history, men's or women's. She was best known for giving her players an icy stare in response to poor play but claimed that she mellowed considerably later in her career. In 2007, Summitt told U.S. News and World Report that she didn't yell at her players nearly as much as she had earlier in her career.[59] On at least two occasions, Tennessee asked Summitt to consider coaching the men's team: once before 1997[60] and again in 2001.[61]

Tournament record[edit]

Summitt won 16 Southeastern Conference regular season titles with the Lady Vols, as well as 16 tournament titles. Summitt's Lady Vols made an appearance in every NCAA Tournament from 1982 until her retirement, advanced to the Sweet 16 every year except 2009, and appeared 18 times in the Final Four.[23] When Summitt made her 13th trip to the Final Four as a coach in 2002, she surpassed John Wooden as the NCAA coach with the most trips to the Final Four. Summitt was a seven-time SEC Coach of the year and a 7-time NCAA Coach of the year and won eight national titles, including three consecutive titles from 1996 to 1998.[23] Summitt was known for scheduling tough opponents for her team to play in the regular season, in order to prepare them for the post-season. In her years of coaching, her teams played top ten ranked teams over 250 times.[23]

In the 1997–98 season, her team went unbeaten, winning all 30 regular and 9 tournament games, earning Summitt's sixth championship. After the championship game, opposing Louisiana Tech head coach Leon Balmore proclaimed the Tennessee team to be the "best ever",[62] echoing a similar claim made by Old Dominion University Hall of Famer Nancy Lieberman in 1998.[63]

Summitt and the 1996–97 championship team were the subject of an HBO documentary titled A Cinderella Season: The Lady Vols Fight Back. That year, the Lady Vols posted a 23–10 record heading into the NCAA tournament, with two losses to Louisiana Tech, setbacks against national powers Georgia, Stanford and UConn, and losses to SEC lesser opponents Arkansas, Auburn, and LSU (which was 7–20 just two seasons prior and had not yet established itself as a perennial national power). However, Tennessee righted itself during the tournament, shocking previously undefeated UConn in the regional final, 91–81, before defeating Notre Dame and Old Dominion in the Final Four in Cincinnati.[49]

USA Basketball[edit]

Player[edit]

Summitt was named to the women's basketball team invited to compete at the 1975 Pan American Games. The team was coached by future Hall of Fame coach Cathy Rush. Players included Lusia Harris, Nancy Lieberman, Ann Meyers, and Juliene Simpson. After winning the gold medal in 1963, the USA team lost to Brazil in both 1967 and 1971 and had recently competed in the 1975 World Championship, finishing in eighth place. The opening game was against host-country Mexico which had finished ahead of the USA team at the World Championships. This time, the USA was victorious, beating Mexico 99–65. The USA would go on to win its next five games, all but one by a double-digit margin. That set up the gold medal game against Brazil which the USA team won convincingly, 74–55.[64]

Coach[edit]

Summitt was named the head coach of the USA representative to the William Jones Cup competition in Taipei, Taiwan. The USA team had recently completed the World Championship, so was able to bypass the preliminary rounds. The team won all six contests and the gold medal. Four USA players were named to the 12 player all-tournament team.[65]

Summitt was chosen as the head coach of the team representing the USA in 1984 at the William Jones Cup competition in Taipei, Taiwan. The team chosen to represent the USA was the team expected to be selected as the national team for the 1984 Olympic Games. This resulted in a very strong team which was able to dominate the competition. In the opening game against Australia, the USA won 82–20. While other games were closer, Italy's 23-point loss to the USA was the closest of the eight games. The USA won all eight games and the gold medal with three players were named to the All-Tournament Team.[66]

Awards and titles[edit]

  • 16-time SEC Champions (1980, 1985, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,[23] 2007,[67] 2010, 2011)
  • 16-time SEC Tournament Champions (1980, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012)[23]
  • 8-time SEC Coach of the Year (1983, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2011)[68]
  • 7-time NCAA Coach of the Year (1983, 1987, 1989, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2004)[23]
  • 8-time NCAA Champions (1987, 1989, 1991, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2007, 2008)[23]

Honors[edit]

Records[edit]

Note: The first season for NCAA Division I women's basketball was the 1981–82 season. Prior to that, Tennessee played women's basketball in the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) in Division I.

  • 2nd in NCAA women's basketball championships (8) behind Geno Auriemma (11)
  • Most seasons coached in NCAA/AIAW play without a losing record (38, lost more than 9 games in a season only 7 times and more than 10 games in a season only twice)
  • Most consecutive NCAA/AIAW postseason appearances (38, never missed a tournament)
  • Most number 1 seeds in NCAA Division I tournament history (21)
  • Most wins as an NCAA/AIAW Division I basketball head coach (1,098; in second place is Mike Krzyzewski with 1,040 wins)
  • Most wins in NCAA tournament history (112)
  • Most NCAA Final Four appearances (18, six more than John Wooden, who holds the men's records)
  • Most NCAA/AIAW Championship game appearances (15)
  • Most 20-win seasons in NCAA/AIAW play (36, all consecutive seasons)
  • 2nd in 30-win seasons in NCAA/AIAW play (20) behind Geno Auriemma (21)
  • Third all-time in NCAA Division I winning percentage (minimum 10 seasons) (.841), bested only by Geno Auriemma (.873) and Leon Barmore (.869)
  • 45 former players have become coaches.[79]
  • Every Lady Vol player who completed her eligibility at Tennessee under Summitt graduated with a degree or is in the process of doing so.[80][81]
  • Every Lady Vol player who completed her eligibility at Tennessee under Summitt played in at least one Elite Eight.

Coaching tree[edit]

At least 25 of Summitt's former players and assistant coaches, plus her son, have pursued careers in coaching and basketball management.

Name Latest position Latest school / organization Relationship to Summitt Years at Tennessee
Adams, JodyJody Adams Head coach Wichita State Player 1989–93[82]
Albright, JaneJane Albright Head coach Nevada Graduate assistant 1981–83[83]
Brown, GregGreg Brown Head coach Lipscomb Graduate assistant
Assistant
2002–04[83]
Butts, NiyaNiya Butts Assistant coach Kentucky Player 1993–1997[84]
Charles, DaedraDaedra Charles Assistant coach Tennessee Player 1988–91
Conklin, AbbyAbby Conklin Assistant coach University of San Francisco Player 1993–97[82]
Darsch, NancyNancy Darsch Assistant coach Seattle Storm (WNBA) Assistant 1978–85[83]
DeMoss, MickieMickie DeMoss Assistant coach Louisiana Tech Assistant
Assoc. Head Coach
1985–2003
2010–12[83]
Fargas, NikkiNikki Fargas Head coach LSU Player
Assistant
1990–94
2003–08[83]
Edwards, TonyaTonya Edwards Head coach Alcorn State Player 1986–90[82]
Elzy, KyraKyra Elzy Assoc. Head Coach Kentucky Player 1996–2001[85]
Fanning-Otis, SharonSharon Fanning-Otis Head coach Mississippi State Graduate assistant 1975–76[82]
Glance, StephanieStephanie Glance Head coach Columbia Assistant 2009–10[82]
Gordon, Bridgette Bridgette Gordon Assistant coach Stetson Player 1985–89[86]
Haave, TanyaTanya Haave Head coach Metropolitan State Player 1980–84[82]
Harper, KellieKellie Harper Head coach Missouri State Player 1995–99[82]
Hatchell, SylviaSylvia Hatchell Head coach North Carolina Graduate assistant 1974–75[82]
Henry, LeaLea Henry Head coach Georgia State Player 1979–83[82]
Jackson, GwenGwen Jackson Head coach St. Paul's (VA) Player 1999–2003[82]
Lawson, AngelaAngela Lawson Head coach Incarnate Word Graduate assistant 1989–91[82]
Marciniak, MichelleMichelle Marciniak Assistant coach South Carolina Player 1994–96[87]
McCray, NikkiNikki McCray Assistant coach South Carolina Player 1991–95[82]
McGhee, CarlaCarla McGhee Director Of Basketball Operations Nevada Reno Player 1986–90[88]
Mitchell, MatthewMatthew Mitchell Head coach Kentucky Graduate assistant 1999–2000[82]
Peck, CarolynCarolyn Peck Assoc. head coach Vanderbilt Assistant 1993–95[83]
Pillow, ShalonShalon Pillow Assistant coach Middle Tennessee Player 1998–2002[89]
Randall, SemekaSemeka Randall Assistant coach Wright State Player 1997–2001[82]
Rankin, JillJill Rankin Assistant coach Texas Player 1979–80[90]
Roberts, TrishTrish Roberts Head coach Agnes Scott Player 1976–77[83]
Joy Scruggs Head Coach Emory & Henry College Player 1971-75
Summitt, TylerTyler Summitt Head coach Louisiana Tech Son
Practice squad player
2010–12[83]
VanDerveer, HeidiHeidi VanDerveer Head coach U.C. San Diego Graduate assistant 1986–88[82]
Warlick, HollyHolly Warlick Head coach Tennessee Player
Assistant
1976–80
1985–2012[91]
  • Bold in Latest position column indicates this is a currently-held position.

Head coaching record[edit]

Season Team Overall Conference Standing Postseason
Tennessee Lady Volunteers (AIAW) (1974–1979)
1974–75 Tennessee 16–8 TCWSF Eastern District Champions
4th Place TCWSF
1975–76 Tennessee 16–11 4th Place TCWSF
6th Place AIAW Region II
1976–77 Tennessee 28–5 2nd Place TCWSF
AIAW Region II Champions
3rd Place AIAW
1977–78 Tennessee 27–4 2nd Place TCWSF
AIAW Region II Champions
4th Place AIAW South Satellite
1978–79 Tennessee 30–9 TCWSF Champions
2nd Place AIAW Region II
AIAW East Satellite Champions
3rd Place AIAW
Tennessee Lady Volunteers (SEC) (1979–2012)
1979–80 Tennessee 33–5 TCWSF Champions
2nd Place AIAW Region II
AIAW South Satellite Champions
2nd Place AIAW
1980–81 Tennessee 25–6 TCWSF Champions
AIAW Region II Champions
2nd Place AIAW
1981–82 Tennessee 22–10 NCAA Final Four
1982–83 Tennessee 25–8 7–1 1st (East) NCAA Elite Eight
1983–84 Tennessee 23–10 7–1 T–1st (East) NCAA Runner-up
1984–85 Tennessee 22–10 4–4 T–2nd (East) NCAA Sweet Sixteen
1985–86 Tennessee 24–10 5–4 5th NCAA Final Four
1986–87 Tennessee 28–6 6–3 T–4th NCAA Champions
1987–88 Tennessee 31–3 8–1 2nd NCAA Final Four
1988–89† Tennessee 35–2 8–1 2nd NCAA Champions
1989–90 Tennessee 27–6 8–1 1st NCAA Elite Eight
1990–91 Tennessee 30–5 6–3 3rd NCAA Champions
1991–92 Tennessee 28–3 10–1 2nd NCAA Sweet Sixteen
1992–93 Tennessee 29–3 11–0 1st NCAA Elite Eight
1993–94 Tennessee 31–2 11–0 1st NCAA Sweet Sixteen
1994–95 Tennessee 34–3 11–0 1st NCAA Runner-up
1995–96† Tennessee 32–4 9–2 2nd NCAA Champions
1996–97 Tennessee 29–10 8–4 5th NCAA Champions
1997–98‡ Tennessee 39–0 14–0 1st NCAA Champions
1998–99 Tennessee 31–3 13–1 1st NCAA Elite Eight
1999–00 Tennessee 33–4 13–1 T–1st NCAA Runner-up
2000–01 Tennessee 31–3 14–0 1st NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2001–02 Tennessee 29–5 13–1 1st NCAA Final Four
2002–03 Tennessee 33–5 14–0 1st NCAA Runner-up
2003–04 Tennessee 31–4 14–0 1st NCAA Runner-up
2004–05 Tennessee 30–5 13–1 2nd NCAA Final Four
2005–06 Tennessee 31–5 11–3 2nd NCAA Elite Eight
2006–07# Tennessee 34–3 14–0 1st NCAA Champions
2007–08† Tennessee 36–2 13–1 2nd NCAA Champions
2008–09 Tennessee 22–11 9–5 5th NCAA First Round
2009–10 Tennessee 32–3 15–1 1st NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2010–11 Tennessee 34–3 16–0 1st NCAA Elite Eight
2011–12 Tennessee 27–9 12–4 2nd NCAA Elite Eight
Tennessee: 1098–208 (.841) 306–44 (.874)

Also won SEC Tournament Championship.
# Also won SEC Regular Season Championship.
Also won both SEC Regular Season and
Tournament Championship.

Total: 1098–208 (.841)

      National champion         Postseason invitational champion  
      Conference regular season champion         Conference regular season and conference tournament champion
      Division regular season champion       Division regular season and conference tournament champion
      Conference tournament champion

Sources: SEC records;[92] Conference champions[93]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Legendary Tennessee coach Pat Summitt dies at 64". usatoday.com. 
  2. ^ Parks, Miles (June 28, 2016). "Pat Summitt, legendary former coach of Lady Vols, dies at 64". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 5, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Pat Summitt's son steps out of sports legend's shadow". CNN.com. November 14, 2014. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  4. ^ Amazon.com, Books by Pat Summitt, Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  5. ^ "Women's Basketball Coaches Career". NCAA. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  6. ^ Cornelius, Maria M. (October 24, 2005). "Summitt's father, Richard Head, passes away". Scout. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  7. ^ Wolff, Alexander. "Coach K, Pat Summitt: Sportsman, woman of year". 
  8. ^ ESPN Tracking the ascension of Summitt March 19, 2012. Accessed March 13, 2013.
  9. ^ "Pat Summitt files for divorce". Knoxville News Sentinel. August 16, 2007. Retrieved July 5, 2016. 
  10. ^ Norlander, Matt (June 28, 2016). "Incredible facts and stats you should know about Lady Vols coach Pat Summitt". CBS Sports. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  11. ^ Griffith, Mike. "Tyler Summitt's road to being a coach" The Knoxville News-Sentinel, July 13, 2010.
  12. ^ "Marquette tabs Summitt's son". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. April 18, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  13. ^ Wojciechowski, Gene (April 18, 2012). "Tennessee's Summit changed game". ESPN.com. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  14. ^ Gregory, Sean (February 2, 2009). "Q&A: Tennessee Coach Pat Summitt – TIME". Content.time.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  15. ^ Kent Whitworth. "Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Association". Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved August 12, 2012. 
  16. ^ Summing It Up... The Road To 1,000 Wins. Retrieved February 8, 2009.
  17. ^ a b c d e f "Summitt's year-by-year résumé". Retrieved March 27, 2007. 
  18. ^ "1975-bracket". Womenscollegebasketballhistory.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  19. ^ "LADY VOL ALL-TIME GAMES VERSUS RANKED TEAMS". UTLADYVOLS.com. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Standing Pat: Summitt's Milestone Wins". Retrieved March 28, 2007. 
  21. ^ 1 second ago. "University of University of Tennessee Official Athletic Site – Women's Basketball". Utsports.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Lady Techsters land inaugural NCAA title". Espn.go.com. March 31, 2006. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h "Player Bio – Pat Summitt". Archived from the original on May 26, 2007. Retrieved March 26, 2007. 
  24. ^ Linda Young (April 2, 1988). "Tennessee Women Fall To La. Tech – tribunedigital-chicagotribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  25. ^ "NCAA WOMEN'S FINAL FOUR : CS Long Beach Makes Run for It, Then Gives It Away in 68–55 Loss – latimes". Articles.latimes.com. April 2, 1988. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  26. ^ "NCAA TOURNAMENT WOMEN'S ROUNDUP : Inspired Iowa Keeps Rolling Along, 72–56 – latimes". Articles.latimes.com. March 28, 1993. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  27. ^ Lytle, Kevin. "High school coaches say Pat Summitt created buzz when she came to recruit | | USA Today High School Sports". Usatodayhss.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  28. ^ "1995–96 Lady Vols". Retrieved April 5, 2007. 
  29. ^ "1996–97 Lady Vols". Retrieved April 5, 2007. 
  30. ^ Longman, Jere (March 26, 1998). "1998 N.C.A.A. TOURNAMENT – Tennessee Redefining the Women's Game". NYTimes.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  31. ^ "The 2005 ESPY Awards – Past ESPY Award Winners". Retrieved March 10, 2007. 
  32. ^ "2002–03 Lady Vols". Retrieved April 12, 2007. 
  33. ^ "2003–04 Lady Vols". Retrieved April 12, 2007. 
  34. ^ "2004–05 Lady Vols". Retrieved April 13, 2007. 
  35. ^ "Michigan State 68, Tennessee 64". Retrieved April 13, 2007. 
  36. ^ "NCAA Women's Basketball – Tennessee Lady Volunteers / North Carolina Tar Heels Recap". Retrieved April 13, 2007. 
  37. ^ "Strong Start Powers No. 1 Duke Past No. 4 Tennessee, 74–70". Retrieved April 13, 2007. 
  38. ^ "Box Score: Tennessee at LSU". Retrieved April 13, 2007. 
  39. ^ "Box Score: SEC Tournament Semifinals: LSU at Tennessee". Retrieved April 13, 2007. 
  40. ^ "NCAA Women's Basketball – North Carolina Tar Heels / Tennessee Lady Volunteers Box Score". Retrieved April 13, 2007. 
  41. ^ "NCAA Women's Basketball – North Carolina Tar Heels / Tennessee Lady Volunteers Recap". Retrieved April 13, 2007. 
  42. ^ "NCAA Women's Basketball – Rutgers Scarlet Knights / Tennessee Lady Volunteers Recap". Retrieved April 13, 2007. 
  43. ^ "Body-painting Pearl goes shirtless to promote UT basketball – Men's College Basketball – ESPN". Espn.go.com. January 27, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  44. ^ "Parker, Bobbitt lead UT over OU 70–67". Retrieved November 19, 2007. 
  45. ^ "UT Tops Texas on Banner Raising Day 92–67". Retrieved November 19, 2007. 
  46. ^ "No. 1 UT Out Battles No. 4 UNC 83–79". Retrieved December 2, 2007. 
  47. ^ "No. 1 UT Falls in OT to No. 5 Stanford 73–69". Retrieved December 23, 2007. 
  48. ^ "Parker's Late Shot Lifts UT over Duke, 67–64". Retrieved February 3, 2008. [dead link]
  49. ^ a b "Women's Basketball Championship History". Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  50. ^ Final (March 23, 2009). "Ball State vs. Tennessee – Game Recap – March 22, 2009 – ESPN". Scores.espn.go.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  51. ^ Jenkins, Sally (August 23, 2011). "Pat Summitt, Tennessee women's basketball coach, diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 18, 2012. 
  52. ^ "Vols' Summitt diagnosed with dementia, will try to coach". Retrieved August 23, 2011. 
  53. ^ "Famous faces of Alzheimer's". USA Today. 
  54. ^ "Pat Summitt diagnosed with early onset dementia – Lady Vols basketball coach has no plans to step down". Retrieved August 23, 2011. 
  55. ^ Zinser, Lynn (April 18, 2012). "Summitt Stepping Down as Tennessee Coach". New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  56. ^ Clarke, Liz (April 18, 2012). "Pat Summitt to step down: legendary Tennessee women's basketball coach won 1,098 games, 8 NCAA titles". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 18, 2012. 
  57. ^ Fleser, Dan (June 27, 2016). "Pat Summitt's family, friends convene around ex-Lady Vols coach 'preparing for the worst'". usatoday.com. Retrieved June 27, 2016. 
  58. ^ "Pat Summitt wills all personal property to son Tyler". USA Today. August 25, 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  59. ^ Garber, Kent. Showing How the Game is Played. U.S. News and World Report, November 12, 2007.
  60. ^ Bondy, Filip (March 28, 1997). "Women Stake Claim In Their Game". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  61. ^ Szulszteyn, Andrea (October 21, 2001). "Coaching Quandry". Palm Beach Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  62. ^ "1998 Women's Final Four home". CNN. Archived from the original on April 27, 2007. Retrieved March 18, 2007. 
  63. ^ "Lady Vols Shoot for Place in History". The Washington Post. June 13, 2000. Retrieved March 18, 2007. 
  64. ^ "Seventh Pan American Games – 1975". USA Basketball. June 10, 2010. Archived from the original on September 7, 2015. Retrieved October 12, 2015. 
  65. ^ "1979 WOMEN'S R. WILLIAM JONES CUP". USA Basketball. Retrieved May 17, 2013. 
  66. ^ "1984 WOMEN'S R. WILLIAM JONES CUP". USA Basketball. Retrieved May 18, 2013. 
  67. ^ "No. 2 Tennessee Pulls Away from No. 7 Lady Tigers, 56–51". Retrieved February 25, 2007. 
  68. ^ "Coach Pat Summitt surprises fans on the gridiron | The Knoxville Journal | Local News, Sports, Entertainment and more for Knox and surrounding counties". theknoxvillejournal.com. Retrieved January 15, 2016. 
  69. ^ a b c "Past Russell Athletic/WBCA National Coaches of the Year". Women's Basketball Coaches Association. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  70. ^ "International Women's Sports Hall of Fame". Women's Sports Foundation. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  71. ^ Congress (December 30, 2009). Congressional Record. Government Printing Office. 
  72. ^ "WBHOF Inductees". WBHOF. Retrieved August 1, 2009. 
  73. ^ "Hall of Famers". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 1, 2009. 
  74. ^ "Pat Summitt – Naismith Women's Collegiate Coach of the Century". 
  75. ^ D'Alessio, Jeff (July 29, 2009). "Sporting News' 50 greatest coaches of all time". SportingNews.com. Retrieved August 1, 2009. 
  76. ^ "Pat Summitt inducted into Women's Hall". ESPN. Associated Press. June 17, 2011. Retrieved January 5, 2016. 
  77. ^ "Pat Summitt to be honored". July 5, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  78. ^ "FIBA announces 2013 Hall of Fame Class" (Press release). FIBA. May 27, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  79. ^ Karen Crouse (January 24, 2009). "Pat Summitt Makes Tennessee a Cradle of Coaches". New York Times. 
  80. ^ "Pat Summitt builds legacy that may never be matched | The Tennessean". tennessean.com. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  81. ^ ABC News, Pat Summitt: 20 Career Highlights and Surprises November 2, 2011. Accessed April 19, 2012.
  82. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Pat Summitt's coaching tree". The Tennessean. February 29, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2013. 
  83. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Pat Summitt coaching tree is massive". CBS News. June 28, 2016. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  84. ^ "Abby Conklin Named USF Women's Assistant Basketball Coach | WCC News". Wccsports.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  85. ^ "Kyra Elzy Profile". University of Tennessee Athletics. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  86. ^ "Women's Basketball Hall of Fame: Bridgette Gordon Biography". Women's Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 1, 2016. 
  87. ^ "Michelle Marciniak South Carolina Women's Basketball Coaching Roster". University of South Carolina. Retrieved June 30, 2016. 
  88. ^ "Carla McGhee Bio – Official Athletic Site Official Athletic Site – Women's Basketball". Nevadawolfpack.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016. 
  89. ^ "Shalon Pillow Profile". University of Kentucky Athletics. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  90. ^ "Women's Basketball Hall of Fame: Jill Rankin Schneider". Women's Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 1, 2016. 
  91. ^ "Holly Warlick Profile". University of Tennessee Athletics. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  92. ^ "Women's Basketball Record Book – Through the Years" (PDF). SEC Sports. Retrieved November 27, 2008. 
  93. ^ "SEC CHAMPIONS/SEC TOURNAMENT CHAMPIONS". University of Tennessee Women's Athletic Department. June 9, 2008. Retrieved November 27, 2008. 

External links[edit]