Patbingsu

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Patbingsu
Patbingsu.jpg
Alternative names Bingsu
Type Shaved ice
Course Dessert
Place of origin Korea
Serving temperature Cold
Main ingredients Shaved ice, red beans
Variations Nokcha-bingsu (green tea bingsu), ttalgi-bingsu (strawberry bingsu), choko-bingsu (chocolate bingsu), etc.
Cookbook: Patbingsu  Media: Patbingsu
Korean name
Hangul 팥빙수 / 빙수
Hanja -氷水 / 氷水
Revised Romanization patbingsu / bingsu
McCune–Reischauer p'atpingsu / pingsu
IPA [pʰat̚.p͈iŋ.su] / [piŋ.su]

Patbingsu (팥빙수, sometimes anglicized as patbingsoo, literally "red beans shaved ice") is a Korean shaved ice dessert with sweet toppings such as chopped fruit, condensed milk, fruit syrup, and red beans.[1] Varieties with ingredients other than red beans are called bingsu[2] and also with the anglicized spelling bingsoo.[3] The snack is highly popular in Korea.

The food originally began as ice shavings with red bean paste (known as pat, ). It was traded among government officials. Many varieties of patbingsu exist in contemporary culture.

History[edit]

The early forms of patbingsu consisted of shaved ice and two or three ingredients, such as, red bean paste, tteok, and ground nut powder.[4] The earliest forms of patbingsu can be found in the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). Government records show officials sharing crushed ice topped with various fruits.[5][6]

The modern forms of patbingsu are reputed to have originated during the period of Korea under Japanese rule (1910~1945) with the introduction of a cold red bean paste dish.[5][6] However, the combination of a red bean paste and shaved ice is a Korean invention.[7] During the Korean War (1950-1953), foreign influence led to the inclusion of ingredients such as fruit cocktail, ice cream,[8] fruits, nuts, cereal, and syrups, and whipped cream.[7] In the 1970s and 1980s, popular ingredients included fruit cocktail, whipped cream, and maraschino cherries.[8]

Variations[edit]

Currently, there are a variety of patbingsu types and flavors. Many bingsus do not follow the tradition and some do not include the red bean paste.[9] Some popular flavors are: green tea, coffee, and yogurt.[10]

Availability[edit]

Patbingsu can be found at most fast food restaurants, cafes, and bakeries in South Korea.[1] Patbingsu is also a very popular dessert at cafés in Vancouver, New York's, Los Angeles', or Atlanta's Koreatown.[11]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lee, Robyn (June 5, 2009). "Snapshots from South Korea: Patbingsu, a Popular Shaved Ice Dessert". Serious Eats. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  2. ^ CNN, By Kyoung Woo Jun, for. "Seoul hotels at war over dessert - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2016-05-05. 
  3. ^ Hoo, Winyan Soo (2014-07-16). "Plate Lab: A guide to Asian shaved ice desserts halo-halo, bao-bing and bingsoo". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-05-05. 
  4. ^ Min, Ines (June 3, 2010). "Ice cream explorations and a peek into the past". The Korea Times. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Dang, Tae Keuk (September 13, 2010). "Snowy delights and variations on bingsu". Herald Corporation. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b 팥빙수[氷水] [Patbingsu]. Doopedia (in Korean). Doosan Corporation. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Comeau, Kimberly (September 27, 2011). "Get ready for patbingsu: Red beans over shaved ice". The Jeju Weekly. jeju weekly.com. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Imatome-Yun, Naomi. "Shaved Ice Dessert with Sweet Beans Recipe (Patbingsu)". About.com. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Bingsu, an unbeatable summer treat!". KOREA TOURISM ORGANIZATION. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ Lee, Ji-yoon (July 7, 2008). "Korea's cold summer taste - naengmyeon and patbingsu". Korea.net. The Korean Culture and Information Service. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  11. ^ Amter, Charlie. "A game of top this in frozen yogurt wars". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 4, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 

External links[edit]