Patalganga River

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The Patalganga River is a river that rises in the steep western scarps of the Matheran uplands where it branches off from the main ridge near Khopoli and maintains a general westward flow till it joins the Dharamtar Creek with a wide estuary. The tail-waters of the Khopoli power project are let into the river near Khopoli in Maharashtra, India.


In Mahabharatha, when Bhishm was about to die, Arjuna is said to have extracted groundwater, namely, Patalganga, by shooting an arrow which made a hole in the ground and created a fountain.[1]

According to the Puranas, there are three tributaries of the River Ganges and they are Swarg Ganga (Mandakini), Bhoo Ganga (Bhagirathi) and Patal Ganga (Bhagvati). Before entering into the sea, the Ganges divides into several tributaries and then merges into the Bay of Bengal.

The Patalganga river has been mentioned in ancient vedic texts and the temples in Turade-Karade area and its banks were considered holy and a Dip in the river is considered pious to mention the least. Bhawanipatna is close to Patalganga, a natural Hot spring worshipped as the holy River Ganges by the locals and worshippers.

Patalganga a huge industrial area, MIDC[1] near Karjat and Panvel has got its name from the Patalganga River. To facilitate traffic, for entrepreneurs of the industrial area, a two lane high level bridge has been built-up on river Patalganga.

River Path[edit]

The Patalganga river has its source in the Khandala portion of the Sahyadri scarp. In its meandering north-westward reach of about 25 miles, several streams on either side drain the land that is highly eroded and marked by remnant hill features, the more prominent of them being the Prabal heights (2,318 ft.) and the Kamala fort range. On the south the Manikgarh (1,876 ft.) forms a steep range with a north-north-west and south-south-east: trend; it is in fact a projection of the hill and plateau complex that separates the Patalganga and the Balganga drainage. Below Waveshwar, the Patalganga changes its course suddenly to south-south-west to join, alter a stretch of about 20 miles, the Dharamtar creek. Hilly topography persists, but the river valley is broader and merges into the tidal flats of the Dharamtar creek. The Balganga river is a tributary stream of the Patalganga only nominally as it flows almost parallel though in a more hilly region, and joins the Patalganga only in the Dharamtar creek; the land is hilly but generally the ranges like the Shillote and Badruddin are lower in height. 18°29′N 73°24′E / 18.48°N 73.4°E / 18.48; 73.4


  1. ^ [1] Rivers in Mythology

External links[edit]

  • [2] Classification of Waters of Patalganga River Basin-Source-Government of Maharashtra, India
  • [3] Patalganga river cripples Mumbai industrial units-Source-The Hindu Business Line