Patchy particles

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Patchy particle are micron- or nanoscale colloidal particles that are anisotropically patterned, either by modification of the particle surface chemistry ("enthalpic patches"),[1] through particle shape ("entropic patches"),[2] or both.[3] Patchy particles are used as a shorthand for modelling anisotropic colloids [1] and proteins [4] and for designing approaches to nanoparticle synthesis.[5] Patchy particles range in valency from two (Janus particles) or higher.[6]

Schematic depiction of modifying a spherical (e.g. colloidal) particle (center) to create a patchy particle, either by altering surface chemistry (left) or shape (right).

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  1. ^ a b Zhang, Zhenli; Glotzer, Sharon C. (2004). "Self-Assembly of Patchy Particles". Nano Letters. 4: 1407–1413. Bibcode:2004NanoL...4.1407Z. doi:10.1021/nl0493500. 
  2. ^ van Anders, Greg; Ahmed, N. Khalid; Smith, Ross; Engel, Michael; Glotzer, Sharon C. (2014). "Entropically Patchy Particles: Engineering Valence through Shape Entropy". ACS Nano. 8: 931–940. arXiv:1304.7545Freely accessible. doi:10.1021/nn4057353. 
  3. ^ Glotzer, Sharon C.; Solomon, Michael J. (2007). "Anisotropy of building blocks and their assembly into complex structures". Nature Materials. 6: 557–562. doi:10.1038/nmat1949. PMID 17667968. 
  4. ^ Fusco, Diana; Charbonneau, Patrick (2013). "The crystallization of asymmetric patchy models for globular proteins in solution". Phys Rev E. 88: 012721. arXiv:1301.3349Freely accessible. Bibcode:2013PhRvE..88a2721F. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.88.012721. 
  5. ^ Pawar, Amar B.; Kretzschmar, Ilona. "Fabrication, Assembly, and Application of Patchy Particles". Macromolecular Rapid Communications. 31: 150–168. doi:10.1002/marc.200900614. 
  6. ^ Wang, Yufeng; Wang, Yu; Breed, Dana R.; Manoharan, Vinothan N.; Feng, Lang; Hollingsworth, Andrew D.; Weck, Marcus; Pine, David J. (2012-11-01). "Colloids with valence and specific directional bonding". Nature. 491 (7422): 51–55. Bibcode:2012Natur.491...51W. doi:10.1038/nature11564. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 23128225. 

Related reading[edit]