Patea (New Zealand electorate)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Patea is a former New Zealand electorate in south Taranaki. It existed from 1893 to 1963.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1892 electoral redistribution, population shift to the North Island required the transfer of one seat from the South Island to the north. The resulting ripple effect saw every electorate established in 1890 have its boundaries altered, and eight electorates were established for the first time, including Patea.[1]

The electorate was based on the town of Patea, which used to have a freezing-works for the preparation of meat for export until 1982.

History[edit]

This rural seat was first established for the 1893 election.[2] George Hutchison was the first elected representative. He resigned in June 1901.[3] Frederick Haselden won the 1 August 1901 by-election, but the seat was declared vacant[4] in the following year.[5] Walter Symes then held the electorate, from 1902 to the dissolution of Parliament in 1908.[6]

The 1908 election was won by George Pearce. He held the electorate for three terms, until the dissolution of Parliament in 1919.[7] He was succeeded by Walter Powdrell from 1919, who died partway through the term on 9 March 1921.[8] Edwin Dixon won the 1921 by-election and held the electorate for the remainder of the term until 1922.[9] James Randall Corrigan succeeded Dixon in 1922 and he held the electorate for one term until 1925.[10] He was followed by Harold Dickie from 1925 to 1943.[2]

William Sheat won the 1943 election plus the three subsequent elections. In 1954, Sheat failed to gain reselection after boundary changes as a National Party candidate. On 14 May of that year, he promptly resigned his seat and won it back in the 31 July 1954 by-election as an Independent, but subsequently did not stand in the 1954 general election.

The candidate chosen instead of Sheat, Roy Jack, was successful in 1954. He held the electorate until 1963, when it was abolished and replaced by the Waimarino electorate.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key  Independent    Liberal    Reform    National  

Election Winner
1893 election George Hutchison
1896 election
1899 election
July 1901 by-election Frederick Haselden
November 1901 by-election
1902 election Walter Symes
1905 election
1908 election George Pearce
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election Walter Powdrell
1921 by-election Edwin Dixon
1922 election James Randall Corrigan
1925 election Harold Dickie
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election William Sheat
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 by-election
1954 election Roy Jack
1957 election
1960 election
(Electorate abolished 1963)

Election results[edit]

1954 election[edit]

1954 general election: Patea
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Roy Jack 5,547 45.06
Labour 4,885 39.68
Social Credit 1,879 15.26
Majority 662 5.38
Turnout 12,311 91.00
Registered electors 13,528
National hold Swing

1954 by-election[edit]

Patea by-election, 1954[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent William Sheat 3,648 48.11
Labour Benjamin R Winchcombe 3,630 47.87
New Liberal J Duggan 305 4.02
Majority 18 0.24
Turnout 7,583 50.12
Registered electors 15,131
Independent gain from National Swing

1951 election[edit]

1951 general election: Patea
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National William Sheat 7,910 59.24
Labour Finer 5,443 40.76
Majority 2,467 18.48
Informal votes
Turnout 13,353 88.25
Registered electors 15,131
National hold Swing

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Patea[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Harold Dickie 5,976 70.66 +19.63
Labour W G Simpson 2,481 29.34
Majority 3,495 41.33 +39.27
Informal votes 90 1.05 +0.05
Turnout 8,547 84.53 -5.74
Registered electors 10,111

1928 election[edit]

General election, 1928: Patea[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Harold Dickie 4,511 51.03
United James Douglas Hislop[15] 4,329 48.97
Majority 182 2.06
Informal votes 90 1.01
Turnout 8,930 90.27
Registered electors 9,892

1921 by-election[edit]

Patea by-election, 1921[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Edwin Dixon 2,620 47.80
Liberal William Morrison 2,315 42.23 -24.37
Labour Lewis McIlvride 546 9.96
Majority 305 5.56
Turnout 5,481

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Patea[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Hutchison 1,858 51.80
Liberal Arthur Remington 1,729 48.20
Majority 129 3.60
Turnout 3,587 74.00
Registered electors 4,847

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 59f.
  2. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 162.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 104.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 100.
  5. ^ Wilson 1984, p. 270.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 137.
  7. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 125.
  8. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 126.
  9. ^ Wilson 1984, p. 103.
  10. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  11. ^ Norton 1988, p. ?.
  12. ^ "Close Vote in N.Z. Poll". The Sun-Herald. Sydney, NSW. 1 August 1954. p. 2. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  13. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  14. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 4. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Patea". The Evening Post. CVI (85). 19 October 1928. p. 11. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  16. ^ "Patea by-election". The Northern Advocate. 14 April 1921. p. 2. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  17. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand parliamentary election results, 1946–1987. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington Department of Political Science. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1925) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record (2nd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.