Pateh

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Pateh (Persian: پته‎, IPA: pæte; also Romanized as pateh) is an Iranian traditional needlework folk art. It originated in and is largely associated with Kerman province, where it is produced by women. A wide piece of wool fabric (ariz) is needleworked with colored thread.[1] [2]

Pateh needlework is done in silk and with flourish paisley pattern; popular designs include the cypress tree and the sun, both traditional pre-Islamic Persian symbols.[3]

History[edit]

Path originated and grew in Kerman; though its origin is unclear, it is assumed that it was influenced by Kerman rug weaving and thus does not predate the latter.[3] The oldest pateh known is dated to the 18th century.

Many valuable pateh pieces are held in art museums, particularly in Tehran. The oldest and most valuable pateh known is kept in the Astaneh Museum in Mahan, Kerman and dates to 1294 Hijri. It was produced over three years of work of twelve women, that was ordered to be made by "Shahab O'l molk"[clarification needed]. It was made to be dedicated to the shrine of Shah Nimatullah Wali a dervish and poet who was born in Kerman. [3]

Structure[edit]

Pateh mainly consists of two parts: "shawl" (ariz) and thread. The ariz is a thick cloth, usually wool, and the thread that is worked into it is colored wood. Threads are dyed naturally, usually with henna, pomegranate, madder or the walnut's green husk.[3]

The patterns which are used in Pateh are normally divided into two main groups: "The Paisley" and "The Tree". One of the most popular patterns consists of four Paisleys on the corners and a toranj at the center. Sometimes flower bouquets are being used instead of paisley. Another common design is called mihrab in which an arch is being made on the top of the pateh. However, one of the essential parts in a design for pateh is margin which is typically filled with flowers or different kinds of paisley.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pateh". Visit Kerman. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Pateh The Unknown Treasure of Iran - Home". Pateh Serah. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Pateh The Unknown Treasure of Iran". Pateh Serah. Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2015.