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Common limpets1.jpg
A group of live Patella vulgata on an intertidal rock
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Patellogastropoda
Superfamily: Patelloidea
Rafinesque, 1815
Family: Patellidae
Rafinesque, 1815
Genera and species

See text

Patellidae is a taxonomic family of sea snails or true limpets, marine gastropod molluscs in the clade Patellogastropoda.[1]

Patellidae is the only family in the superfamily Patelloidea. This family has no subfamilies.

(The superfamily Patelloidea should not be confused with the similar-sounding genus of true limpets Patelloida which is in the family Lottiidae within the superfamily Lottioidea, also part of the Patellogastropoda.)


A cladogram showing phylogenic relations of Patellogastropoda based on molecular phylogeny research by Nakano & Ozawa (2007):[2]


Lottiidae (including Acmaea and Niveotectura)







Genera and species in the family Patellidae include:[3][4]


Human uses[edit]

Some limpet species in this family are used as a food source in various countries.

A study of Patella caerulea found that this limpet reduced the cover of algae and barnacles on steel panels suspended in sea water in a commercial port, suggesting that the limpet could be used to inhibit fouling of ship hulls.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bouchet, P. & Rocroi, J.-P. (2005). "Classification and Nomenclator of Gastropod Families". Malacologia. 47 (1–2). 
  2. ^ Nakano T. & Ozawa T. (2007). "Worldwide phylogeography of limpets of the order Patellogastropoda: Molecular, morphological and palaeontological evidence". Journal of Molluscan Studies 73(1) 79-99. doi:10.1093/mollus/eym001.
  3. ^ "Patellidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  4. ^ Powell A. W. B., New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  5. ^ Safriel U. N. & Erez N. 1987. Effect of limpets on the fouling of ships in the Mediterranean. Marine Biology, 95(4): 531-537. doi:10.1007/BF00393096