Paternoster Row was a street in the City of London that is supposed to have received its name from the fact that, when the monks and clergy of St Paul's Cathedral would go in procession chanting the great litany, they would recite the Lord's Prayer (Pater Noster being its opening line in Latin) in the litany along this part of the route. The prayers said at these processions may have also given the names to nearby Ave Maria Lane and Amen Corner. An alternative etymology is the early traders who sold a type of prayer bead known as a "pater noster".
Trübner & Co. was one of the publishing companies on Paternoster Row. The street was devastated by aerial bombardment during the Blitz of World War II, suffering particularly heavy damage in the night raid of 29–30 December 1940, later characterised as the Second Great Fire of London, during which an estimated 5 million books were lost in the fires caused by tens of thousands of incendiary bombs.
The street was replaced with Paternoster Square, the modern home of the London Stock Exchange, although a City of London Corporation road sign remains in the square near where Paternoster Row once stood.
Printers and booksellers based in Paternoster Row
- No. 1 - J Van Voorst (1851)
- No. 2 - Orr and Co. (1851), J. W. Myers (~1800)
- No. 9 - S. W. Partridge and Co. (1876) 
- No. 12 - Trubner and Co (1856)
- No. 15 - Bagster and Sons (1825) (1851)
- No. 20 & 21 - F. Pitman, later F. Pitman Hart and Co. Ltd. (1904) 
- No. 24 - George Wightman (1831)
- No. 31 - Sheed & Ward
- No. 33 - Hamilton and Co. (1851)
- No. 37 - Blackwood and Sons, (1851)
- No. 39 - Longman, Hust, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green (1825), later Longman and Co. (1851)
- No. 40 – West and Hughes (~1800)
- No. 47 - Chambers (1891), formerly occupied by Baldwin and Craddock
- No. 56 - The Religious Tract Society (1851)
- No. 60 - The Sunday School Union (1851)
- Oxford University Press - Bible warehouse destroyed by fire in 1822, rebuilt c. 1880.
- Sampson Low (after 1887)
- Thomas Nelson
Others based in Paternoster Row
- No. 60 - Friendly Female Society, "for indigent widows and single women of good character, entirely under the management of ladies."
In popular culture
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- James Raven. The business of books: booksellers and the English Book Trade. 2007
- "Paternoster Row". Old and New London: Volume 1. 1878. pp. 274–281.
- A Pictorial and Descriptive Guide to London and Its Environs: With Two Large Section Plans of Central London... Ward, Lock & Company, Limited. 1819.
- "London Blitz — 29th December 1940".
- The British Metropolis in 1851
- Glasse, Hannah; Maria Wilson (1800). The Complete Confectioner; or, Housekeeper's Guide: To a simple and speedy method of understanding the whole ART OF CONFECTIONARY. London, United Kingdom: West and Hughes.
Printed by J. W. Myers, No. 2, Paternoster-row, London, for West and Hughes, No. 40, Paternoster-row.
- Church of England Temperance Tracts, no. 19, 1876
- The London catalogue of periodicals, newspapers and transactions of various societies with a list of metropolitan printing societies and clubs. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. 1856. p. 3, of wrapper.
- John Feltham (1825). The picture of London, enlarged and improved (23rd ed.). Longman, Hust, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green. p. iv.
- The World's Paper Trade Review, May 13, 1904, p. 38
- William Fox, Robert Raikes (1831). Memoir of W. Fox, Esq., founder of the Sunday-School Society: comprising the history of the origin ... of that ... institution, with correspondence ... between W. Fox, Esq. and R. Raikes, etc. Joseph Ivimey (editor). George Wightman.
- Henry Benjamin Wheatley (1891). London Past and Present: Its History, Associations, and Traditions. pp. 37–39.
- Thornbury, Walter (1878). 'Paternoster Row', in Old and New London. Volume 1. London, United Kingdom. pp. 274–281. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- Herbert Fry (1880), "Paternoster Row", London in 1880, London: David Bogue
- John Wallis (1814), "Paternoster Row", London: being a complete guide to the British capital (4th ed.), London: Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, OCLC 35294736
- Henry Benjamin Wheatley (2011) . "Paternoster Row". London Past and Present: Its History, Associations, and Traditions. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-02808-0.