Pateros

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Pateros
Municipality of Pateros
3302San Roque Santa Marta de Pateros Church Metro Manila 19.jpg
Pateros Municipal Hall (November 2013).jpg
104Martirez Aguho, Pateros 12.jpg
9771Pateros, Metro Manila Barangays 26.jpg
Pateros town proper.jpg
PaterosParkjf2843 06.JPG
From top, left to right : Pateros Church • Pateros Municipal Hall • Dulumbayan Memorial Monument • Pateros National High School • Pateros Downtown area • Town Plaza
Flag of Pateros
Official seal of Pateros
Nickname(s): 
Balut Capital of the Philippines; Small Town with a Big Heart
Motto(s): 
Isang Pateros
English: One Pateros
Anthem: Imno ng Pateros
English: Pateros Hymn
Pateros' present territory (red), and the lost territories (light red) currently under the jurisdiction of neighboring cities including the Fort Bonifacio area.
Pateros' present territory (red), and the lost territories (light red) currently under the jurisdiction of neighboring cities including the Fort Bonifacio area.
OpenStreetMap
Pateros is located in Philippines
Pateros
Pateros
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°32′30″N 121°04′00″E / 14.5417°N 121.0667°E / 14.5417; 121.0667Coordinates: 14°32′30″N 121°04′00″E / 14.5417°N 121.0667°E / 14.5417; 121.0667
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
District Lone district, shared with Taguig
Founded1770
CharteredJanuary 1, 1909
Barangays10 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMiguel "Ike" F. Ponce III (Aksyon)
 • Vice MayorCarlo U. Santos (Nacionalista)
 • RepresentativeRicardo "Ading" S. Cruz Jr. (Nacionalista)
 • Council
Members
 • Electorate39,273 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total1.76 km2 (0.68 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Highest elevation
136 m (446 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total65,227
 • Density37,000/km2 (96,000/sq mi)
 • Households
15,838
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence2.50% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱267,616,607.00 (2020)
 • Assets₱476,740,940.00 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱240,354,943.00 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱184,138,760.00 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PHT)
ZIP code
1620–1622
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)02
Native languagesTagalog
Websitepateros.gov.ph

Pateros, officially the Municipality of Pateros (Tagalog: Bayan ng Pateros), is the lone and 1st class municipality in Metropolitan Manila, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 63,643 people.[5]

This municipality is famous for its duck-raising industry and especially for producing balut, a Filipino delicacy, which is a boiled, fertilised duck egg. Pateros is also known for the production of red salty eggs and "inutak", a local rice cake. Moreover, the town is known for manufacturing of "alfombra", a locally-made footwear with a carpet-like fabric on its top surface. Pateros is bordered by the following highly urbanized cities of Pasig to the north, Makati to the west, and Taguig to the south.

Pateros is the only municipality and the smallest, both in population and in land area, in Metro Manila, but it is the second most densely populated at around 29,000 people per square kilometer after Manila.

Etymology[edit]

The name Pateros is most likely derived from the duck-raising industry. The Tagalog word (of Spanish origin) for "duck" is pato and pateros, "duck-raisers". The early 19th-century U.S. diplomat Edmund Roberts used Duck-town, another name for Pateros, stating that he "never before saw so many ducks together" in one place.[6] The duck reference is perfectly suited for Pateros, whose popular culinary specialty is a street food. called Balut (food), a fertilized developing duck embryo that is boiled and eaten from the shell. Several balutans like the famous El Patu at 425 F. Imson Street offer this unique cuisine as well as street merchants selling them on the side of the road.

History[edit]

Early Late History[edit]

1821 Idyllic Painting of Pateros by José Honorato Lozano, showing the duck farms on the river banks that are the namesake of the municipality

Before 1770, Pateros was only a barrio of Pasig until the Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines issued a decree making Pateros an independent municipality. The town was then composed of five barangays (villages): Aguho, San Roque, Santa Ana, Santo Rosario (Santo Rosario-Silangan and Santo Rosario-Kanluran), and Mamancat (now part of Fort Bonifacio).

1899 Philippine-American War[edit]

1896 Revolution Memorial Monument

During the Philippine–American War in March 1899, the first contingent of American Volunteers from Washington arrived in the town of Pateros. The American soldiers rallied and eventually won the battles to take control and establish a temporary camp. Throughout this period, American soldiers were able to experience the culture and livelihood of the citizens of Pateros. Having roast duck for meals during wartime and sending postcards of Pateros back to the United States of America. In 1900, a member of the American contingent, Lieutenant Charles Nosler, renamed the city of Ive's Landing in Washington State, USA, after the town of Pateros in the Philippines. Pateros in Washington State officially became an American city on May 1, 1913.[7]

Inclusion to newly created province of Rizal[edit]

On March 29, 1900, Pateros, then a part of the province of Manila, became one of the towns in the newly created province of Rizal, by virtue of General Order No. 40, Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission, which was promulgated on June 11, 1901. Then on October 12, 1903, Act No. 942 united Pateros with Taguig and Muntinlupa into one municipality under Pateros.[8] The municipality was renamed Taguig and Muntinlupa was separated from it on March 22, 1905, through Act No. 1308.[9]

Executive Order No. 20 dated February 29, 1908 partitioned Pateros from Taguig, and the town regained independent status as a municipality on January 1, 1909, by Executive Order No. 36.

Incorporation to Metropolitan Manila[edit]

On November 7, 1975, Pateros became a part of the new Metropolitan Manila Area through Presidential Decree No. 824,[10] which mandated by President Ferdinand Marcos.

International partnership[edit]

On July 23, 2013, Mayor Jaime C. Medina visited the city of Pateros, Washington State, United States to sign the Sister City Memorandum of Understanding between the Municipality of Pateros, Metro Manila and Pateros City of Okanogan County, Washington State, USA. According to Mayor Gail Howe, the two cities have not applied through Sister Cities International but the goals of promoting the culture and exchanges have turned the sisterhood into reality.[11]

Conversion to cityhood attempt[edit]

The Inauguration of Rodrigo Duterte to presidency that took place on June 30, 2016 paved way to another attempt of the conversion of the town into a city and constituting into two congressional districts through the collaborative efforts of the municipal government of Pateros spearheaded by Mayor Miguel Ponce III and the most especially by the passage of a house bill sponsored by Pateros-Taguig Representative Arnel Cerafica.[12]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Pateros, Metro Manila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
9
(0.4)
21
(0.8)
101
(4.0)
152
(6.0)
188
(7.4)
170
(6.7)
159
(6.3)
115
(4.5)
47
(1.9)
29
(1.1)
1,005
(39.7)
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 11.1 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 181.2
Source: Meteoblue[13]

Barangays[edit]

Pateros is politically subdivided into 10 barangays:[14]

Barangays Population[15]
(2015)
Area (km2) Density (/km2)
Aguho (14°32′39″N 121°3′53″E / 14.54417°N 121.06472°E / 14.54417; 121.06472) 6,533
Magtanggol 1,652
Martirez del 96 4,914
Poblacion 2,323
San Pedro 2,172
San Roque 4,493
Santa Ana 28,217
Santo Rosario–Kanluran 5,325
Santo Rosario–Silangan 5,225
Tabacalera 2,986
Map showing the barangays of Pateros

Boundary dispute[edit]

The municipal government of Pateros claims that its original land area was not its present land area of 2.10 km2 (0.81 sq mi) but 1,040 hectares (10.4 km2) including Fort Bonifacio, particularly the Embo barangays Comembo, Pembo, East Rembo, West Rembo, Cembo, South Cembo and Pitogo which are now part of the city of Makati and Bonifacio Global City (known as Post Proper Northside and Post Proper Southside by Makati, and Mamancat, Masilang,[16] San Nicolas,[17] and Malapadnabato,[18] former parts of Pateros) which was made part of Taguig, based on documents and official maps obtained by former Pateros Councilor Dominador Rosales from 30 libraries and offices including USA Library of Congress and USA Archives. One of those maps was the 1968 Land Classification Map of the Bureau of Land.[19]

Pateros' decrease in territory was accounted to a cadastral mapping in Metro Manila conducted in 1978. Pateros Mayor Nestor Ponce challenged the map through an objection letter dated June 23, 1978.[20] But in January 1986, then President Ferdinand Marcos issued Proclamation No. 2475 which stated that Fort Bonifacio is situated in Makati and it is open for disposition.[21] Because of that, a boundary dispute arose which moved Pateros to request a dialogue about that with then Municipal Council of Makati in 1990. Pateros also filed a complaint against Makati at the Makati Regional Trial Court in 1996 but the trial court dismissed the case for lack of jurisdiction. The case was brought to the Court of Appeals in 2003 but the case was also denied. The same case was also elevated to the Supreme Court in 2009 but it was denied again.[19][22]

Supreme Court decision[edit]

Almost 2 decades later, the Supreme Court on June 16, 2009, per Antonio Eduardo B. Nachura denied Pateros' petition against Makati but ruled out that the boundary dispute should be settled amicably by their respective legislative bodies based on Section 118(d) of the Local Government Code.[23] Pursuant to the decision, Pateros invited Makati to a council-to-council dialogue. This happened on October 8, 2009. Four meetings were held and at the fourth dialogue on November 23, 2009, a joint resolution was made stating that Makati is requesting a tripartite conference between Pateros, Taguig and Makati.[24]

Demographics[edit]

Pateros
Population census of Pateros
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,105—    
1918 4,113+0.01%
1939 7,160+2.67%
1948 8,380+1.76%
1960 13,173+3.84%
1970 25,468+6.81%
1975 32,821+5.22%
1980 40,288+4.18%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 51,409+2.47%
1995 55,286+1.37%
2000 57,407+0.81%
2007 61,940+1.05%
2010 64,147+1.28%
2015 63,840−0.09%
2020 65,227+0.42%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[25][26][27][28]

As of 1818, the population was estimated at 3,840 Tagalog peoples. When Edmund Roberts visited in 1834, he estimated approximately 4,500 residents.[6]

According to the town's 2005 land use classification report 91.62% of Pateros' 1.7 square kilometres (0.66 sq mi) land is classified as residential.[29]

Economy[edit]

Red salty duck eggs, a popular product of Pateros

The town of Pateros is known for balut and had a duck raising industry.[29] As early as 1834, Pateros has been raising and selling duck and maintaining a fishing industry.[6] However, since the duck raising industry declined after the Pasig River, which is connected to the Pateros River too polluted around the 1970s or 1980s.[29]

Vendors continues to sell balut in Pateros, taking advantage of the association of the food item to the town with duck eggs supplied from neighboring provinces in the Calabarzon region. While the duck raising industry in the town is now minimal, the local government is encouraging the growth of the balut industry. It gives tax exemptions to balut vendors in the town. As of 2017, the local government is encouraging the growth of other industries in Pateros such as business process outsourcing although the town's size, 1.76 square kilometres (0.68 sq mi), remains a hindrance.[29]

According to the town's 2005 classification report. 3.13% of its land area is classified as commercial, 0.39% industrial, and 0.88% agricultural.[29]

Government[edit]

Official seal[edit]

Pateros Municipal Seal
  • Pateros (Mallard) Duck, symbolizes the duck-raising industry where town was known.
  • Ten duck eggs represents the barangay which Pateros was politically subdivided; it also signifies the Balut industry of the town.

Education[edit]

The following are the different Elementary and High schools in Pateros under Pateros School District of the Department of Education – Schools Division of Taguig and Pateros, a Community college recognized by Commission on Higher Education.

Secondary public schools[edit]

Secondary Institutions

  • Mayor Simplicio Manalo National High School
  • Maria Concepcion Cruz High School
  • Pateros National High School

Tertiary[edit]

  • Pateros Technological College

Private schools[edit]

  • APEC Schools - Pateros (Santo Rosario-Silangan)
  • Pateros Catholic School
  • Saint Genevieve School of Pateros
  • Maranatha Christian Academy
  • SEP Christian School Inc.
  • Huckleberry Montessori School

Notable personalities[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

International and Local sister cities:

Local
International

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of Pateros | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ Census of Population (2020). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/Table%202a.%20Updated%20Annual%20Per%20Capita%20Poverty%20Threshold%2C%20Poverty%20Incidence%20and%20Magnitude%20of%20Poor%20Population%20with%20Measures%20of%20Precision%2C%20%20by%20Region%2C%20Province%20and%20HUC_2018.xlsx; publication date: 4 June 2020; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "2015 Census of Population - Final Results PATEROS | Philippine Statistics Authority National Capital Region". rssoncr.psa.gov.ph. Retrieved 2020-08-14.
  6. ^ a b c Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. pp. 63–64.
  7. ^ Medina, Joey (July 23, 2013). Mayor's Speech (Speech). Signing of the Sister City Memorandum of Understanding between the Municipality of Pateros, Metro-Manila and Pateros City of Okanogan County, Washington State. Pateros, Washington.
  8. ^ Act No. 942 (12 October 1903), An Act Reducing the Thirty-Two Municipalities of the Province of Rizal to Fifteen, retrieved July 21, 2022
  9. ^ Act No. 1308 (22 March 1905), An Act providing for the return of the former municipality of Muntinlupa from the Province of La Laguna to the Province of Rizal, repealing paragraph (e) of section one and sections two and three of Act Numbered One thousand and eight, and changing the name of the municipality of Pateros, of the Province of Rizal, to Taguig., retrieved July 21, 2022
  10. ^ "Historical background". Municipal Government of Pateros. Archived from the original on 9 September 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  11. ^ a b Mehaffey, K.C. (19 February 2013). "Pateros adopts 'sister city' in the Philippines" (PDF). The Wenatchee World. p. A2. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  12. ^ "HB05002" (PDF).
  13. ^ "Pateros: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Street Directory of Pateros". Streets of Philippines. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  15. ^ "2015 Census of Population - Final Results PATEROS | Philippine Statistics Authority National Capital Region".
  16. ^ Manila South, Philippine Islands, Manila City, Luzon (Map). 1:12500. Its A.M.S. S901. United States. Army Map Service. 1945. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  17. ^ Map of Manila and Vicinity (Map). 1:25000. Office Engineer Officer, Philippine Division. January 1905. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  18. ^ "Malapadnabato, Province of Rizal, Calabarzon, Philippines". mindat.org. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  19. ^ a b Rosales, D. 2009, November. Sanhi ng pagliit ng Pateros. Susi ng Pateros, 5.
  20. ^ Bayos, Kris (8 October 2009). "Documents back up Pateros' claim over 7 Makati villages". Manila Bulletin.
  21. ^ Tuazon, L. 2000, January. LC 2623 map: Isang katotohanang hindi matitinag. Susi ng Pateros, 3.
  22. ^ Supreme Court Decision for Pateros' petition to claim Fort Bonifacio. Retrieved from http://sc.judiciary.gov.ph/jurisprudence/2009/june2009/157714.htm Archived 2016-01-29 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Panaligan, R. 2009, June 22. SC wants Ft. Bonifacio land dispute settled amicably. Manila Bulletin.
  24. ^ Rosales, D. 2010, April. Update: Fort Bonifacio claim. Susi ng Pateros, 1 & 4.
  25. ^ Census of Population (2015). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  26. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  27. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  28. ^ "Province of Metro Manila, 4th (Not a Province)". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  29. ^ a b c d e de Guzman, Nickky Faustine (16 February 2017). "There are no more patos in Pateros". BusinessWorld. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  30. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  31. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  32. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  33. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  34. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  35. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  36. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/Table%202a.%20Updated%20Annual%20Per%20Capita%20Poverty%20Threshold%2C%20Poverty%20Incidence%20and%20Magnitude%20of%20Poor%20Population%20with%20Measures%20of%20Precision%2C%20%20by%20Region%2C%20Province%20and%20HUC_2018.xlsx; publication date: 4 June 2020; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.

External links[edit]