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Pathonpatham Noottandu

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Pathonpatham Noottandu
Theatrical release poster
Directed byVinayan
Written byVinayan
Produced byGokulam Gopalan
StarringSiju Wilson
Kayadu Lohar
Anoop Menon
Chemban Vinod Jose
Sudev Nair
Narrated byMohanlal
CinematographyShaji Kumar
Edited byVivek Harshan
Music bySongs:
M. Jayachandran
Santhosh Narayanan
Sree Gokulam Movies
Distributed by
  • Sree Gokulam Movies
  • Dream Big Films
Release date
  • 8 September 2022 (2022-09-08) (India)
Running time
158 minutes

Pathonpatham Noottandu (transl. Nineteenth century) is a 2022 Indian Malayalam-language action period drama film written and directed by Vinayan.[1][2] Set in the 19th century Travancore, the story is based on the life of Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker, a warrior who fought against social injustices suffered by the lower caste.[3] The film stars Siju Wilson in the lead role, alongside Kayadu Lohar, Anoop Menon, Chemban Vinod Jose, Sudev Nair, Vishnu Vinay, and Senthil Krishna in important supporting roles. The background score was composed by Santhosh Narayanan and songs were composed by M. Jayachandran.[4]

Pathonpatham Noottandu was released in theatres on 8 September 2022.



A young Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker from Arattupuzha arrives at the English East India Company headquarters at Travancore to ask a lord for a permit to export cardamom. There he witnesses a brutal fight match between slaves conducted by British Raj officers along with some nobles and other guests. When the winner is coerced by the officers to kill the loser by bludgeoning, Chekavar interferes and saves him, but a fight breaks out. Chekavar manages to escape without getting shot.

The Maharaja of Travancore calls Velayudha Chekavar to the Durbar to enlist his help in finding and capturing Kayamkulam Kochunni, who stole sacred salagram ornaments from the Padmanabhaswamy Temple. The Naduvazhi ministers and governors dissuade the Maharaja from enlisting him with the task because Chekavar belonged to the Ezhava community, that was deemed as lower caste. Since Kochunni assaulted Paachupanikkar, the commander-in-chief of Travancore Army, and his assistants during their attempt to capture him, Maharaja announces a reward to whoever gives information about Kochunni. Meanwhile, Kochunni plans to recover the chest of ornaments he stole and hid underground near the palace during the prince's wedding celebration.

Chekavar builds a Shiva temple for the lower caste people, which gets him arrested on the order of the Diwan as it's forbidden for them to worship an idol. While in jail, the deputy commander-in-chief, Padaveedan Nambi, and the naduvazhi Panikkasseri Kaimal, plan to poison Chekavar to death. Inspector Kannan Kurup, the son of the former commander-in-chief, saves Chekavar. The queen issues an order to release Chekavar. She then meets him and asks his help to retrieve the stolen ornaments and capture Kochunni.

During the wedding evening, Kochunni arrives to retrieve the hidden chest. Kurup finds and catches him but lets him free in exchange for half the price of the ornaments. Kochunni and Kurup try to sell the chest to Looper, an Englishman who exports ivory and antiques to England and France. Chekavar arrives and defeats Kochunni and his team, and retrieves the chest while Kurup and Looper escape. After Kochunni gets jailed, Maharaja offers the reward of veera shringhala and 1008 gold coins, but his ministers adbise him against giving it directly by the Mahraja conforming to untouchability law. Seeing this, Chekavar rejects the reward. To honour him, Maharaja confers Chekavar the title Panicker, thenceforth he is known as Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker. Kurup meets Kochunni in jail and is offered stolen gold coins in return for killing Velayudha Panicker.

Meanwhile, atrocities towards the lower caste continued. Women who wore clothes that covered their ankles were beaten up with hot iron rods while those who wore nose rings or covered their breasts had these body parts chopped off by the lords. As a protest, Panicker proclaimed all women to cover their chests, wear long dothi and nose ring and perform the Poothan dance during the Perumpoothan Thullal, a dance ritual. He provides garments and nose rings to all women.

During the ritual, Panikkasseri Kaimal and Padaveedan Nambi interrupted with a team of police inspectors and started to beat up everyone. Panicker and Nangeli defended them. Nambi kills Panicker's grandfather, Perumal. In a fury, Panicker kills Nambi. Kurup and Kochunni's assistant, Bava, arrived and fired at Panicker, who followed them and caught Bava.

The next day in the durbar of the palace, Diwan and Kaimal request the king to take necessary action against Panicker for breaking the ritual rules and killing Nambi. Panicker comes before the king and declares that he is happy to have killed a traitor. When Bava is brought before the court, he confesses that Nambi and the naduvazhi Chandrupilla leaked information to them about Paachupanikkar coming to Kayamkulam to capture Kochunni, and were heavily rewarded for that. Bava is jailed while Chandrupilla is sentenced to death for treason. The king announces the trial will continue the next day and only then the final verdict will be made.

Panicker and his people leave for Cherthala after his grandfather's cremation. There, the idol installation at the temple takes place. Panicker plans to go to Ananthapuri. Kaimal and Raman Thambi buy off Kandappan, Panicker's close aide, to assassinate Panicker. Kandappan spikes the tender coconut drinks given to Panicker and all the others in the boat. Kaimal executes Bava with the help of the king's confidant, Rudran. As the drug takes effect, Kaimal and his team attack Panicker. He kills them all, but bleeds to death.

Later, Nangeli is tied and beaten up for covering up her chest in defiance of the breast tax. Her father Kelu, who came for her rescue, is also captured and beaten. To save her father's life, Nangeli seemingly agrees to remove her upper cloth and pay the tax, but instead chops off her own breasts and presents them before the governors, dying shortly after. Seeing her mutilated body, her lover Chirukkandan jumps into her funeral pyre.

The deaths of Panicker and Nangeli arouse fury and distress among the people. They attack the authorities and the landlords, and destroy shops and markets. To save Travancore from becoming a riotous land, the king abolishes the unjust taxes and grants women the right to cover their upper body.



Voice only




Director Vinayan announced the film in March 2020 by making a casting call.[36]



Pooja function of the film was held in Kochi in January 2021, but the shooting was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[37] The first schedule of the shooting began in Palakkad and it lasted for about three months. The shooting was temporarily stopped after that, as the state was undergoing the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic. On June 27, 2021, Vinayan said that the editing works has started as they have shot about 80 percent of the movie. He also added that the shooting will resume after the descent of the second wave.[38] The second and the final schedule of the shooting began on November 3, 2021. By sharing the last shot of the movie, Vinayan and Siju Wilson announced that the shooting of the movie was wrapped up on November 23, 2021.[39] The Dolby Atmos mixing of the film was completed on 1 July 2022.[40] The film was censored with U/A certificate on 20 August 2022.[41]

Shaji Kumar was the cinematographer of the film. Vivek Harshan did the editing work on the film. Pattanam Rasheed handled the make-up and the costumes were arranged by Dhanya Bhalakrishnan. Ajayan Challissery was the art director of the movie. Supreme Sundar, Rajashekar And Mafia Sasi handled the action choreography of the movie. V. C. Praveen and Biju Gopalan are the co-producers of the movie and Badusha is the production controller.[42][43]



The music composition of the film started in June 2020. The songs featured in the film are composed by M. Jayachandran and Rafeeq Ahamed is the lyricist.[44] Santhosh Narayanan has done the background score of the film.[45] The film marks his debut as a composer in the Malayalam film industry.[46]

Pathonpatham Noottandu (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
1."Pootham Varunnedi"Sayanora Philip[47]2:23
2."Mayilpeeli Ilakunnu"Mridula Warrier, K. S. Harisankar[48]4:44
3."Karumban Inningu Varumo"Narayani Gopan, Nikhil Raj3:54
4."Vaanam"Unni Elyaraja, Sithara Krishnakumar2:34
5."Parava Padunna"Pandalam Balan3:39




Promotion event at Lulu Mall Kochi

The teaser trailer of the film was released on June 3, 2022, through the official social media pages of celebrities including Mammootty and Mohanlal.[49] The trailer of the movie was released on 20 August 2022.[50] The theatrical trailer of the film was launched in the Metaverse as well.[51] This was the first Malayalam movie trailer was released in metaverse.[52]



Initially the film was scheduled theatrical release on 8 September 2022 in Malayalam and dubbed versions of Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Kannada languages simultaneously.[53][54] The film was released in India and GCC on 8 September 2022. As the censoring of the dubbed copies was not completed the film was released only in Malayalam language on 8 September 2022.[55] Later the film was released in dubbed versions Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Kannada languages.

Home media


The film had its OTT premiere through Amazon Prime Video on 7 November 2022.[56]


Award Category Recipient Ref.
Kerala State Film Awards Best Music Director M. Jayachandran [57][58]
Best Female Playback Singer Mridula Warrier
Best Dubbing Artist Male Shobi Thilakan
Kerala Film Critics Association Award Best Historic Film Pathonpatham Noottandu [59]
Best Costume Design Dhanya Balakrishnan

Historical Inaccuracies


Hindu Aikya Vedi said that there are historical inaccuracies in the film, saying that Nangeli's story is fictional and there was no tax on breast, and Velayudha Panicker was killed by his relative who converted to Islam. Vinayan addressed the accusations saying that he had taken artistic liberty and the film is not a documentary and has omitted some things.[60]



The Times of India rated the film 4 out of 5 stars and wrote "A heartfelt historical narrative".[61] Onmanorama wrote "An exceptional treat from Vinayan, Siju Wilson".[62] The Hindu wrote "A package with some punch, despite its failings".[63]


  1. ^ "Vinayan to make historical epic titled '19 am Noottaandu'". The New Indian Express. 17 March 2020. Archived from the original on 1 May 2022. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  2. ^ "സ്വപ്നപദ്ധതിയുമായി വിനയൻ; തിരുവിതാംകൂറിന്റെ ഇതിഹാസ കഥ; 'പത്തൊമ്പതാം നൂറ്റാണ്ട്'" [Humble with dream project; The epic story of Travancore; 'Nineteenth Century']. ManoramaOnline (in Malayalam). 20 September 2020. Archived from the original on 1 May 2022. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
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  13. ^ "'പത്തൊമ്പതാം നൂറ്റാണ്ടി'ൽ നീലിയായി രേണു സൗന്ദർ; ഈ ടീമിൽ നിന്നും ഏറെ പഠിക്കാൻ കഴിഞ്ഞുവെന്ന് താരം" [Renu Soundar in blue in 'Nineteenth Century'; The player said he could learn a lot from this team]. Samayam (in Malayalam). 28 June 2021. Archived from the original on 12 November 2021. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  14. ^ പത്തൊൻപതാം നൂറ്റാണ്ടിലെ 'നീലി'; നടി രേണുവിന്റെ ക്യാരക്റ്റർ പോസ്റ്റർ പുറത്തിറങ്ങി [Character poster of Neeli from Pathonpatham Noottandu movie is here]. News 18 (in Malayalam). 1 October 2021. Archived from the original on 10 October 2021. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
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  17. ^ "പടവീടൻ നമ്പിയായി സുദേവ് നായർ; 'പത്തൊൻപതാം നൂറ്റാണ്ടിലെ' ക്യാരക്റ്റർ പോസ്റ്റർ പുറത്തിറങ്ങി" [Sudev Nair as Padaveedan Nambi; 'Nineteenth Century' Character Poster Released]. News18 (in Malayalam). 24 August 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
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  28. ^ "'കൊച്ചുണ്ണിയെ പൂട്ടാനാവാത്ത പടനായകന്‍'; 'പത്തൊമ്പതാം നൂറ്റാണ്ടി'ലെ അടുത്ത കഥാപാത്രവുമായി വിനയന്‍" [Vinayan launches the next character poster from Pathonpatham Noottandu-The Army Chief who could not catch Kochunni]. Asianet News (in Malayalam). 10 October 2021. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
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