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A map of the Generations of Noah, placing the "Pathrusim" in Upper Egypt.

Pathros (Hebrew: פַּתְרוֹס‎, Pathrôs; Greek: Φαθωρῆς, Phathōrēs; Koine Greek: Παθούρης, Pathourēs) refers to Upper Egypt, primarily the Thebaid. It is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in Jeremiah 44:1 and 15; Isaiah 11:11; and Ezekiel 29:14, 30:14. It is the homeland of the Pathrusim.

The name is a loan from Egyptian pꜣ tꜣ-rsy "the southern land" (e.g., pBritish Museum EA 10375, line 16; cf. Sahidic Coptic ⲡⲁⲧⲟⲩⲣⲏⲥ and Bohairic Coptic ⲡⲁⲑⲟⲩⲣⲏⲥ.[1][2]) As in Hebrew and Greek, the term was used in Akkadian by the Assyrians as patúrisi, for example in the Annals of Esarhaddon.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Crum, Walter Ewing (1939). A Coptic dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 300.
  2. ^ Westendorf, Wolfhart (1965–1977). Koptisches Handwörterbuch. Heidelberg: Carl Winter - Universitätsverlag. p. 166.
  3. ^ "Esarhaddon 060". The Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period. Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus. Retrieved 15 November 2014. See line o 8'.