Pathros (Hebrew: פַּתְרוֹס, Pathrôs; Greek: Φαθωρῆς, Phathōrēs; Koine Greek: Παθούρης, Pathourēs) refers to Upper Egypt, primarily the Thebaid. It is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in Jeremiah 44:1 and 15; Isaiah 11:11; and Ezekiel 29:14, 30:14. It is the homeland of the Pathrusim.
The name is a loan from Egyptian pꜣ tꜣ-rsy "the southern land" (e.g., pBritish Museum EA 10375, line 16; cf. Sahidic Coptic ⲡⲁⲧⲟⲩⲣⲏⲥ and Bohairic Coptic ⲡⲁⲑⲟⲩⲣⲏⲥ.) As in Hebrew and Greek, the term was used in Akkadian by the Assyrians as patúrisi, for example in the Annals of Esarhaddon.
- Crum, Walter Ewing (1939). A Coptic dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 300.
- Westendorf, Wolfhart (1965–1977). Koptisches Handwörterbuch. Heidelberg: Carl Winter - Universitätsverlag. p. 166.
- "Esarhaddon 060". The Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period. Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus. Retrieved 15 November 2014. See line o 8'.