Patiala district

Coordinates: 39°25′N 116°23′E / 39.41°N 116.38°E / 39.41; 116.38
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Patiala district
Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala, now houses the National Institute of Sports
Location in Punjab
Location in Punjab
Coordinates: 39°25′N 116°23′E / 39.41°N 116.38°E / 39.41; 116.38
Country India
StatePunjab
Founded byBaba Ala Singh
HeadquartersPatiala
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerKumar Amit, IAS
 • Senior Superintendent of PoliceSh. Mandeep Singh Sidhu, IPS
Area
 • Total3,218 km2 (1,242 sq mi)
Elevation
257 m (843 ft)
Population
 • Total1,895,686
 • Density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone codePatiala: 91-(0)175, Rajpura: 91-(0)1762, Samana: 91-(0)1764, Nabha: 91-(0)1765 & Amloh: 91-(0)1768
Literacy75.28%
Vidhan Sabha constituency9
HighwaysNH 1, NH 64, NH 71
Websitepatiala.nic.in

Patiala district is one of the twenty three districts in the state of Punjab in north-west India.

Location[edit]

Patiala district lies between 38 47’ and 39 41’ north latitude, 115 58’ and 116 54' east longitude, in the southeast part of the state. It is surrounded by Fatehgarh Sahib, Rupnagar and Mohali to the north, Fatehgarh Sahib and Sangrur districts to the west, Ambala, Panchkula, Haryana to the northeast and Kurukshetra districts of neighboring Haryana state to the east, and Kaithal district of Haryana to the southwest.

History[edit]

Baba Ala Singh (1691–1765), a Sikh chieftain from the village Rampura Phul in Bathinda District of Punjab, with his army of young brave men migrated to Barnala where Baba Ala Singh in 1763 set up his new state. Later Baba Ala Singh moved to a small village of Lehal where he built a new city on the village, naming it as Patiala. He laid the foundations of a steady and stable state known as the Phulkian Dynasty south of Sirhind. In and around Patiala District he founded many villages within his territory, and reconstructed many historical Gurdwaras relating to Sikh religion.

It was since Baba Ala Singh's time that Patiala District came into being as before the area was under the Sirhind Government. Baba Ala Singh made Sirhind, Tohana, Mansa, Bathinda, Sangrur and Barnala, Fatehabad District part of Patiala State.

In 1809, Patiala State came under British protection during the reign of Maharaja Sahib Singh (1773–1813) of Phulkian Dynasty, as he feared that Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore would cross the Sutlej river and take the district and state so the Patiala rulers got the British to protect them from further invasion from 1809 to 1947 Patiala remained under British Protection. In 1948 Patiala Princely State was abolished by the Indian government.

Patiala District was further divided into Fatehgarh Sahib District on 13 April 1992.

Patiala having a population of 1,895,686 is the 4th most populated district of Punjab after Ludhiana, Amritsar, and Jalandhar as per the 2011 census.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

This district contains many small hill ranges that are part of the Shivalik Hills.

Divisions[edit]

The district is divided into three sub-divisions: Patiala, Rajpura and Nabha, which are further divided into five tehsils: Patiala, Rajpura, Nabha, Samana and Pattran. It also comprises eight blocks, Patiala, Rajpura, Nabha and Samana.

There are nine Punjab Vidhan Sabha constituencies located in this district: Patiala Urban, Patiala Rural, Rajpura, Nabha, Samana, Ghanaur, Shutrana, Sanaur, and Patran.[1] All of these are part of Patiala Lok Sabha constituency.[2]

Industry[edit]

Patiala is fast emerging as an important industrial growth center on the industrial map of the state. Besides traditional goods, high quality and sophisticated items are now produced including small cutting tools, power cables, Vanaspati ghee, bicycles, and agriculture implements including harvester combines and threshers, milk products, and pesticides. The industrial units are scattered all over the district mainly at Rajpura, Patiala, Samana, and Nabha. There are large and medium industrial units located at Rajpura producing Vanaspati ghee, power cables, bicycles, and bicycle components and at Dera Bassi producing spun-yarn and alcohol. Among the small scale industry in the district are those producing agriculture implements, rice shellers, cutting tools, electrical goods, and bakeries. There are industrial focal points at Patiala, Rajpura, Nabha, and Dera Bassi and two industrial estates at Rajpura, Patiala.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951482,517—    
1961673,730+3.39%
1971855,029+2.41%
19811,112,368+2.67%
19911,343,517+1.91%
20011,584,780+1.67%
20111,895,686+1.81%
source:[3]

According to the 2011 census, Patiala district has a population of 1,895,686,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia[5] or the US state of Mississippi.[6] This gives it a ranking of 248th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 596 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,540/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.4%.[4] Patiala has a sex ratio of 888 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 76.3%. Scheduled Castes made up 24.55% of the population.[4]

Gender[edit]

The table below shows the sex ratio of Patiala district through decades.

Sex ratio of Patiala district[7]
Census year Ratio
2011 891
2001 875
1991 882
1981 870
1971 850
1961 831
1951 809

The table below shows the child sex ratio of children below the age of 6 years in the rural and urban areas of Patiala district.

Child sex ratio of children below the age of 6 years in Patiala district[8]
Year Urban Rural
2011 852 827
2001 794 769

Religion[edit]

Religion in Patiala district (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Sikhism
55.91%
Hinduism
41.32%
Islam
2.11%
Other
0.65%

The table below shows the population of different religions in absolute numbers in the urban and rural areas of Patiala district.

Absolute numbers of different religious groups in Patiala district[10]
Religion Urban (2011) Rural (2011) Urban (2001) Rural (2001) Urban (1991) Rural (1991)
Hindu 4,53,619 3,29,687 3,86,288 3,92,139 2,95,473 3,68,233
Sikh 2,88,984 7,70,960 2,45,618 7,78,928 1,63,175 7,14,590
Muslim 13,812 26,231 8,237 26,591 2,899 19,275
Christian 2,847 2,836 1,864 1,901 651 1,736
Other religions 4,018 2,692 2,703 665 2,097 769

Language[edit]

Languages of Patiala district (2011)[11]

  Punjabi (89.61%)
  Hindi (7.79%)
  Bahawalpuri (1.24%)
  Others (1.36%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 89.61% of the population spoke Punjabi, 7.79% Hindi and 1.24% Bahawalpuri as their first language.[11]

Health[edit]

The table below shows the data from the district nutrition profile of children below the age of 5 years, in Patiala, as of year 2020.

District nutrition profile of children under 5 years of age in Patiala, year 2020 [12]
Indicators Number of children (<5 years) Percent (2020) Percent (2016)
Stunted 29,979 20% 18%
Wasted 14,650 10% 12%
Severely wasted 2,611 2% 5%
Underweight 24,977 17% 14%
Overweight/obesity 634 0.4% 6%
Anemia 101,704 77% 49%
Total children 147,534

The table below shows the district nutrition profile of Patiala of women between the ages of 15 to 49 years, as of year 2020.

District nutritional profile of Patiala of women of 15-49 years, in 2020[13]
Indicators Number of women (15-49 years) Percent (2020) Percent (2016)
Underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m^2) 86,269 14% 10%
Overweight/obesity 264,038 43% 35%
Hypertension 176,353 29% 18%
Diabetes 113,959 19% NA
Anemia (non-preg) 400,579 65% 41%
Anemia (preg) 21,607 72% 37%
Total women (preg) 30,156
Total women 615,329

Topography[edit]

Most of the area is plains in the form of agricultural land. The river Ghaghar remains dry during most part of the year. However, during the rainy season, it often causes flooding in the adjoining villages, which results in damage to the crops, livestock, and human lives. Other subsidiary rivers are Tangri Nadi, Patiala-Wali-Nadi, Sirhind Choe, and the Jhambowali Choe.

Apart from the natural water lines, the Bhakra Main Line canal, the Nawana Branch, and the Ghaghar Link are the most important. These canals are the backbone of the irrigation system of the district.

Politics[edit]

No. Constituency Name of MLA Party Bench
109 Nabha (SC) Gurdev Singh Dev Maan Aam Aadmi Party Government
110 Patiala Rural Balbir Singh Aam Aadmi Party Government
111 Rajpura Neena Mittal Aam Aadmi Party Government
113 Ghanaur Gurlal Ghanaur Aam Aadmi Party Government
114 Sanour Harmit Singh Pathanmajra Aam Aadmi Party Government
115. Patiala Ajit Pal Singh Kohli Aam Aadmi Party Government
116 Samana Chetan Singh Jaura Majra Aam Aadmi Party Government
117 Shutrana (SC) Kulwant Singh Bazigar Aam Aadmi Party Government

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Wise Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Haryana website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
  2. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). The Election Commission of India. p. 157.
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Hand Book – Patiala" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Lesotho 2,124,886
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Mississippi 1,852,994
  7. ^ "District-wise Decadal Sex ratio in Punjab". Open Government Data (OGD) Platform India. 21 January 2022. Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  8. ^ "District-wise Rural and Urban Child Population (0-6 years) and their sex ratio in Punjab". Open Government Data (OGD) Platform India. 21 January 2022. Retrieved 21 November 2023.
  9. ^ "Patiala District Religion Data - Census 2011". www.census2011.co.in.
  10. ^ "Open Government Data (OGD) Platform India". 21 January 2022.
  11. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Punjab". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  12. ^ https://www.niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2022-07/Patiala-Punjab.pdf
  13. ^ https://www.niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2022-07/Patiala-Punjab.pdf

External links[edit]