Patission Street

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Patission Street
Patission Avenue.JPG
Patission street near Halkokondili street to the north.
Former name(s) 28th October Street
Maintained by City of Athens
Length 4.5 km (2.8 mi)
From Panepistimiou Street
Major
junctions
To Leoforos Ionias & Agias Lavras, Ano patisia
Isaias mansion

Patission Street (Greek: Οδός Πατησίων) is one of the major streets in central Athens, Greece. Though it is known as Patission, its name was changed to 28 October Street, commemorating the day in 1940 that the Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas refused the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini's ultimatum that Greece submit to Italian control, thus starting the Greco-Italian War.

Patission Street connects the area known as Patissia with Omonoia Square in the center of Athens.[1][2] It is crowded by bus and trolley bus lines, which connect the city center with Kypseli (trolley lines 2, 4, 9), Lamprini (trolley lines 5, 13, 14), Patissia (trolley line 11), N. Filadelpheia (trolley line 3), Perissos (bus lines 605, 054), Marousi (bus line A8) and Galatsi (bus line 608). It is a southbound one-way route with a northbound bus lane until it meets Marnis street, and it has three lanes per direction until Amerikis Square.

History[edit]

  • The landforming of the road began in 1841 and was based on pre-existing rural roads.[3]
  • During King Otto's reign the road was often honored by the royal couple.[4]
  • In the 1870s, there was a small village named Patisia, that was included in the city of Athens and distinguished in Upper and Lower Patissia.
  • In the 1880s, there walked the horsemen of the newly created, by Efstratios Rallis, "Philippos Company".
  • On 23rd April 1882 was launched the horsepowered tram from Patission to Syntagma.
  • In the 20th century new neoclassical, art-deco and modernist buildings were built: Livieratos Palace (Patision 55 and Epirus), G. Isaia (Patision 65 and Julianos).
  • In 1903, Panagiotis Koutalianos, in an open-air theater opposite the Archaeological Museum, demonstrated his muscular power with various improvised exercises.
  • Patission was planted in 1908 with the first official division of the city of Athens - following the study of Athanasios Georgiadis - connecting Patisia with Omonia Square in the center of Athens.Then the first electric trams arrived.
  • In Chaetia (Patision 8), next to Alaska, on Sunday, 20 September 1942, the small ΠΕΑΝ resistance group organized a mass sabotage in the building of the Greek Nazi ΕΣΠΟ organization that recruited young people from Greece for Wehrmacht.[5]
  • During December 1944, the General Security building was blown up in the corner of Stournari and Patission by the forces of ΕΛΑΣ.
  • In 1946, after the Occupation, it was renamed October 28 to celebrate the national anniversary of liberation.[3]
  • On November 17th, 1973, the Polytechnic revolt was on the street.
  • On December 18, 1980, the Minion Mall was wrapped in flames.

Notable buildings on Patission Street[edit]

  • National Archaeological Museum
  • National Technical University of Athens
  • The renovated atrium of the National Archaeological Museum is an oasis of freshness and aesthetic pleasure for the Athenians and visitors of the city. Itamos, acanthus, ivy, pyxus, angelica, water lily, ellipse, olives, cypresses are some of the 700 plants available in the garden.[6]
  • Athens University of Economics and Business.
  • Casa di Italia (Italian Institute)
  • Maria Callas' house
  • Isaias mansion
  • The Acropolis Palace, the emblematic hotel was built between 1926-1928 and operated as a hotel for the high society of Athens until 1980. It was declared a preservable building in 1991.[7][8][9]
  • The building of the Leontios School founded in 1923 at the end of Patission street.[10]
  • The Radio City Cinema enjoyed great glory in the 1950s, such as the visit by Elizabeth Taylor in 1958.[4] [
  • Cinemas "Angela", "Triannon", "Athena", "Broadcast", "Attica", "Aello".
  • The oldest apartment building in Athens at the intersection of Patission and Laskaratou. [7]
  • The hotel Melia (former Residence Georgio) as shown in the image at the corner of Chalkokondyli and Patision.[11]

Intersections[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Geōrgiou), Skiadas, Eleutherios G. (Eleutherios (2001). Hoi synoikies tōn Athēnōn : hē prōtē episēmē diairesē, 1908. Giatagana, Xanthē V., Mantzōrou, Vasilikē. [Athēna]: Dēmos Athēnaiōn Politismikos Organismos. ISBN 9607401301. OCLC 57579519.
  2. ^ Σκιαδάς, Ε. (2001). Οι συνοικίες των Αθηνών. Αθήνα. pp. 491–492. ISBN 978-960-7401-94-6.
  3. ^ a b "ΠΑΤΗΣΙΩΝ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΚΗ ΑΝΑΔΡΟΜΗ (Ο ΔΡΟΜΟΣ ΜΑΣ)" (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  4. ^ a b "Η ιστορία της Πατησίων". www.slideshare.net. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  5. ^ ασσόδυο (2017-11-17). "Οδός Πατησίων: ο αεροδιάδρομος της ελληνικής ιστορίας | ασσόδυο". ασσόδυο (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  6. ^ "The hidden beauty of Patision".
  7. ^ a b "1 δρόμος – 1 ιστορία: Πατησίων και παραμυθιού… γωνία" (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  8. ^ "ΑΡΧΕΙΟ ΝΕΟΤΕΡΩΝ ΜΝΗΜΕΙΩΝ - Ξενοδοχείο "Acropole Palace"". www.eie.gr. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  9. ^ Naftemporiki (2014-12-07). "Πολιτιστικές δράσεις θα βρουν στέγη στο «Ακροπόλ Παλάς»". naftemporiki.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  10. ^ "Η ιστορία της Λεοντείου - Ένωση Αποφοίτων Λεοντείου Λυκείου". Ένωση Αποφοίτων Λεοντείου Λυκείου (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  11. ^ "Melia Athens – Hotel in ATHENS, GREECE". melia-athens.gr. Retrieved 2018-07-26.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°0′9.94″N 23°44′2.8″E / 38.0027611°N 23.734111°E / 38.0027611; 23.734111