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Patkai hills as seen from Pangsau Pass

The Pat-kai (Pron: ˈpʌtˌkaɪ) meaning "to cut (pat) chicken (Kai)" in Tai-Ahom language are the hills on India's north-eastern border with Burma. They were created by the same tectonic processes that resulted in the formation of the Himalayas in the Mesozoic.[citation needed] They are not as rugged as the Himalayas and its peaks are much lower in height. Features of the range include conical peaks, steep slopes and deep valleys.

Three hill ranges come under the Patkai. The Patkai-Bum (Burmese Kumon Taungdan),[1] the Garo-Khasi-Jaintia, and the Lushai Hills. The Garo-Khasi range is in the Indian state of Meghalaya. Mawsynram and Cherrapunji, on the windward side of these hills are the world's wettest places, having the highest annual rainfall.

Climate ranges from temperate to alpine due to altitude.

The Pangsau Pass offers the most important route through the Patkai. The Ledo Road was built through Pangsau Pass as a strategic supply road built over the range during World War II to link India with the Burma Road into China.

Indian states along the Patkai[edit]

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Coordinates: 27°00′N 96°00′E / 27.000°N 96.000°E / 27.000; 96.000