Patlabor 2: The Movie

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Patlabor 2: The Movie
Patlabor 2 poster.jpg
Japanese theatrical poster
Directed byMamoru Oshii
Written byKazunori Itō
Produced byMitsuhisa Ishikawa
Shin Unozawa
Tsuyoshi Hamawatari
StarringRyūsuke Ōbayashi
Yoshiko Sakakibara
Naoto Takenaka
CinematographyAkihiko Takahashi
Edited byShuichi Kakesu
Music byKenji Kawai
Distributed byShochiku
Release date
  • August 7, 1993 (1993-08-07)
Running time
113 minutes
Box office¥180,000,000

Patlabor 2: The Movie (機動警察パトレイバー 2 the Movie, Kidō Keisatsu Patoreibā the Movie 2) is a 1993 anime film directed by Mamoru Oshii, who also directed Patlabor: The Movie.[1] It was produced by Production I.G, Bandai Visual and Tohokushinsha.[2]

Patlabor 2 strays from past iterations of the Patlabor series by heavily focusing on political themes. It touches on domestic and international issues that the Japanese government faced during the 20th century.[3] The film focuses on the post-occupation status of Japan, during which the country had economically, politically and technologically progressed under prosperous years without being involved in another war after the nation surrendered and was occupied by the United States-led Allied forces after the end of World War II.[3]


Set in 2002, three years after the events of the first movie,[4][5] Noa Izumi and Asuma Shinohara are now testing new Labors at a facility run by the Metropolitan Police. Isao Ota is a police academy Labor instructor. Mikiyasu Shinshi has since been reassigned as the Tokyo Metropolitan Police's head of General Affairs. Seitaro Sakaki has retired with Shigeo Shiba taking over his position as head of the labor maintenance team with Hiromi Yamazaki, Kiichi Goto and Shinobu Nagumo remaining with the unit as Kanuka Clancy had permanently returned to New York. Most of them had been replaced by fresh labor pilots.

Suspicious events begin to materialize with the face of a military takeover of Tokyo by GSDF forces and martial law[3] after the Yokohama Bay Bridge is destroyed by a missile,[4] with belief that the JASDF was the culprit. Protests in various JSDF bases take place as a means of conveying their denial of the bridge attack. Before long, public panic comes as JGSDF-marked gunships attack in several bridges in Tokyo Bay, various communication centers and SV2 headquarters, coupled by the release of a supposed deadly gas after Special Assault Team snipers shoot down an auto-piloted blimp that was responsible for jamming all electronics in the Greater Tokyo Area.

Goto and Nagumo once more assemble the original Section 2 members in an abandoned subway passage as they embark on a secret operation to apprehend Yukihito Tsuge, a former GSDF officer who planned the terrorist attacks as a means of forcing the country to face its own military inadequacies after decades of peace. With the threat of military intervention by the United States Forces Japan looming unless the government controls the situation, the team uses an old stretch of the Ginza Line to approach an artificial island Tsuge uses as his hideout. Goto also takes care of things on his end by facilitating the arrest of Shigeki Arakawa, a GSDF intelligence agent who is actually one of Tsuge's former cohorts. After a fierce fight inside the artificial island's tunnel which results in flooding, the team evacuates the tunnel while Nagumo breaks through to finally arrest Tsuge.


Character Original Japanese English (Manga UK) English (Bandai Visual)
Kiichi Goto Ryunosuke Ohbayashi Peter Marinker Roger Craig Smith
Shinobu Nagumo Yoshiko Sakakibara Sharon Holm Megan Hollingshead
Shigeki Arakawa Naoto Takenaka Blair Fairman Kim Strauss
Yukihito Tsuge Jinpachi Nezu Bob Sherman Robert Clotworthy
Noa Izumi Miina Tominaga Briony Glassico Julie Ann Taylor
Asuma Shinohara Toshio Furukawa David Jarvis Doug Erholtz
Isao Ohta Michihiro Ikemizu Martin McDougall Sam Riegel
Mikiyasu Shinshi Issei Futamata Ron Lepaz Joe Ochman
Hiromi Yamazaki Daisuke Gouri Michael Fitzpatrick Jason C. Miller
Shigeo Shiba Shigeru Chiba Edward Glen Peter Doyle
Seitaro Sakaki Osamu Saka Blair Fairman Jamieson Price
Matsui Tomomichi Nishimura Mac McDougall Paul St. Peter
Kaihou Toshihiko Kojima Paul St. Peter


Production of Patlabor the Movie 2 started after Kazunori Ito was appointed as the scriptwriter for the upcoming movie back in the early 1990s.[6] The original plan called for the same plot used in the original OVA series episode "The SV2's Longest Day", which showed renegade JGSDF soldiers and officers conspiring to undermine and overthrow the Japanese government.[7] However, it was soon abandoned when Mamoru Oshii told Kazunori Ito that maybe the scope of terrorists causing havoc under the cover of a coup would be a better movie idea.[6]

Ito soon met with other members of HEADGEAR to create some ideas that can be used for the movie, based on the theory that Patlabor 2 will be their last work on the Patlabor franchise. Soon after realizing that he couldn't take most of their suggestions, Ito had told them that he would end his consultation with them and announced that he would brainstorm the movie's script alone and isolated himself from the rest of HEADGEAR to give him some space to work on the movie's script with Oshii working on the storyboard.[8]

The amateur footage on the SSN new broadcast of the Yokohama Bay Bridge attack is a reference to Japanese history. The time shown on the amateur footage is 2:26, a reference to the February 26 Incident, where Kōdō-ha fanatics of the Imperial Japanese Army tried to occupy central Tokyo as part of a coup d'état attempt.[9]


Thematic background[edit]

One key thematic elements of the film is the Japanese Self-Defense Forces and on their legality as Japan's military force since Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, created by the Allied Forces following the Second World War, meant that the JSDF is only allowed to defend Japanese territory from hostile invasion and not to be deployed in any manner on foreign soil.[3]

Kazunori Ito and Mamoru Oshii were opposed to the deployment of JSDF personnel to participate in UNTAC, a UN peace keeping mission in Cambodia.[3]


At the time of Patlabor 2's release in 1993, a lot of issues had faced the Japanese government in both the domestic and international level. These issues included the end of the Soviet Union, Japan's economic prosperity in the 1980s, the outbreak of the First Gulf War, and 1990 market crash that left many Japanese devastated.[10] In an interview with Animage magazine in October 1993, Hayao Miyazaki said that the opening scene of the movie must have been inspired by Cambodia, especially with the appearance of what seems to be Angkor Thom. He and Mamoru Oshii also discussed the nature of the limitations that JSDF personnel faced in Cambodia, since the JSDF was formed originally not as a sort of military body of the post-WWII Japanese government.[11]

Several real-life incidents were also mentioned or used for the movie. For instance, references to Viktor Belenko's defection to Japan in 1976 were mentioned by Arakawa himself when he spoke to Goto and Nagumo.[12]


It was shown originally in Japanese theaters on August 7, 1993.[13] Later in 1998, the movie was released again with Dolby Digital 5.1 channel remix and additional music.[14]

Home media[edit]

Patlabor 2: The Movie was dubbed and released in 1995 in Australia and the UK by Manga Entertainment and by Manga Entertainment in the US in 1996. In the mid 2000s, Manga Entertainment lost the licenses to Patlabor: The Movie and Patlabor 2: The Movie in the UK and the US, but retained the license in Australia, where Manga Entertainment properties are distributed by Madman Entertainment. Bandai Visual later released the film under their North American label, Honneamise, with a new English dub produced by Elastic Media Corporation.[15]

Aside from Bandai Visual having the license to North America and the UK,[14][16] Panorama owns the license for Patlabor 2 to Hong Kong and Macau with a Cantonese dub and subtitles aside from the original Japanese dub.[14]

In Japan, Bandai Visual/Emotion has released Patlabor 2 on DVD, Blu-ray and on UMD.[14] Only the double disc DVD/Blu-ray and DVD/HD DVD sets as well as the single disc Blu-ray release has the remade English dub and subtitles.[14] The Blu-ray also includes a booklet that includes illustrations and screenshots from the movie.[17]

In Australia and New Zealand, Manga Entertainment UK still holds the rights to Patlabor movie 1 & 2 and is sub-licensed and distributed by Madman Entertainment on DVD.[14] Due to this ongoing license and the popularity of Manga's dub of the 2 movies in Australia amongst Anime fans, Madman & Manga were refused the remastered DVD & Blu-ray license from Bandai Visual which contained the new Elastic Media dub. Since Bandai Visual USA is no longer releasing new anime and letting current licenses lapse, the chances of a remastered release in Australia is slim.

Beez Entertainment licensed the film in Europe. Section23 Films has licensed all three Patlabor films, with the second film released on Blu-ray and DVD on July 21, 2015.[18]


Patlabor the Movie 2 has been very well received. One review from the Anime Cafe states that Patlabor the Movie 2 is an "intellectually stimulating anime," combining the movie's mecha concept with the plot similar to a Tom Clancy novel.[19] Anime World Order states that while the sequel is better than the first in terms of action and drama, some viewers may not understand the political aspects of the film, though its philosophical themes may be easier to understand, especially with the concept of just war and unjust peace.[20] Japan Hero's review of the movie commented well on the side story that the movie showcased the main characters who had to let go of their past and to move on and grow up, with the fact that they had to get back together and face a threat that could make a country ruled by civilian authority or one ruled by fear and paranoia.[21] Anime News Network has noted the background music used in the movie "favors heavy, pulsing techno beats backed by airy, haunting vocals for the intense scenes and soaring synthesized scores in other places ... If you’re looking for something wholly dramatic, insightful, and mature then you’ve come to the right place."[5]

In 1994, the film won the Mainichi Film Concours award in the category for Best Animated Film.[22]

Novel series[edit]

  • TOKYO WAR: Kidō Keisatsu Patlabor (Zenpen) (Mamoru Oshii) – April 1994
  • TOKYO WAR: Kidō Keisatsu Patlabor (Kouhen) (Mamoru Oshii) – May 1994
  • TOKYO WAR MOBILE POLICE PATLABOR (Mamoru Oshii) – June 2005

The 2005 release is a hardcover edition combining the two older volumes.

  • THE NEXT GENERATION Patlabor: TOKYO WAR 2 Haiiro no Yuurei (Mamoru Oshii) – May 2015

Novelization of the live action movie THE NEXT GENERATION Patlabor: Shuto Kessen, and sequel to the TOKYO WAR novels.


Many entries in the Patlabor series are disconnected from each other, but Patlabor 2 saw a direct sequel in the form of the 2015 live action film THE NEXT GENERATION Patlabor: Shuto Kessen.[23]


  1. ^ アニメ映画 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  2. ^ "Patlabor 2: The Movie> STAFF & CAST". Production I.G. Retrieved 2013-04-23.
  3. ^ a b c d e Erick Kwon (2004-10-11). "Beyond Hollywood's Patlabor the Movie 2 Review". Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  4. ^ a b "Patlabor 2 Synopsis". Bandai Visual. 2007-07-05. Archived from the original on 2007-07-05.
  5. ^ a b Theron Martin (2006-08-29). "Anime News Network's Patlabor 2 review". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  6. ^ a b Patlabor the Movie 2 Archives Book, page 20.
  7. ^ "Patlabor 2: The Movie History". Bandai Visual. Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2011-07-09.
  8. ^ Patlabor the Movie 2 Archives Book, pp. 20-21.
  9. ^ "Patlabor 2 Trivia". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  10. ^ "What is Patlabor 2?". Archived from the original on August 21, 2006. Retrieved August 22, 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  11. ^ "Around the movie Patlabor 2: To put an end to the Era". Animage. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
  12. ^ "Patlabor The Movie 2 Review". Anime Café. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
  13. ^ 機動警察パトレイバー2 the Movie (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  14. ^ a b c d e f "Unofficial Patlabor 2 the movie page". Schaft Enterprises. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  15. ^ "Bandai Visual USA To Launch Honneamise Label". Anime News Network. 2005-12-05. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  16. ^ "Bandai Visual Preps for Patlabor 2 Release". Anime News Network. 2006-06-22. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  17. ^ Gary W. Tooze. "H D - S E N S E I's Patlabor 2 review". Archived from the original on 2013-06-15. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
  18. ^ "Section23 Films Adds Patlabor Film, The World God Only Knows OVAs". Anime Network. 2015-01-22.
  19. ^ Daniel Huddleston (1999-11-02). "Patlabor 2, Anime Cafe's Patlabor review". Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  20. ^ Arcane (2001-03-28). "Anime World's Patlabor 2 review". Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  21. ^ Jeffrey Couto. "Japan Hero's Patlabor 2 review". Japan Hero. Archived from the original on 2010-01-02. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  22. ^ "Manichi Film Concours: 1994". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  23. ^ "VIDEO: Teaser for "Next Generation Patlabor" Live-Action Feature Film".

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