Patna Junction railway station

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Patna Junction
पटना जंक्शन
Indian Railway Station
Patna Jn.jpg
The main entrance of the station
Location Station Road, Near Mahavir Mandir, Patna- 800001 Bihar
Coordinates 25°36′10″N 85°8′15″E / 25.60278°N 85.13750°E / 25.60278; 85.13750Coordinates: 25°36′10″N 85°8′15″E / 25.60278°N 85.13750°E / 25.60278; 85.13750
Elevation 57 metres (187 ft)
Owned by ECR
Operated by Indian Railways
Line(s) Howrah-Delhi main line
Asansol-Patna section
Patna-Mughalsarai section
Patna-Gaya line
Patna-Sonepur-Hajipur Section
Platforms 10[1]
Tracks 15
Structure type Standard (on ground station)
Parking Available
Other information
Status Functioning
Station code PNBE
Zone(s) East Central Railway
Division(s) Danapur division
Opened 1862[2]
Electrified 2003–2004[3]
Previous names Bankipore Junction
Passengers (2013) 3 lakh per day[4]
Preceding station   East Central Railway zone   Following station
Digha, Patna
Patna–Mughalsarai section
Patna–Gaya line
Towards Jehanabad Jharkhand
Patna Junction is located in Patna
Patna Junction
Patna Junction
Location with patna

Patna Junction, station code PNBE, is a major railway station in the capital city of Patna in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the seventh busiest railway station in India in terms of frequency of trains after Kanpur Central, Vijayawada Junction, Delhi Junction, New Delhi, Ambala Cant and Howrah. Around 173 trains starts, ends, or passes through the station daily. Situated in heart of the city,[5] it is the main railway station serving Patna. It falls under the Danapur division of the East Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways.[6]

The Patna Junction railway station is connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network.[7] Patna lies in between New Delhi and Kolkata which is one of the busiest rail routes in India. Patna has trains running frequently to Delhi and Kolkata.[8] The city is a major railway hub and has six major stations: Patna Junction, Rajendranagar Terminal, Gulzarbagh Station, Danapur railway station, Patliputra Junction and Patna Sahib Station. Patna is well connected with Gaya, Jehanabad Biharsharif, Rajgir, Islampur through daily passenger and express train services. Currently, the Indian Railways has floated tenders to modernize Patna Junction.[9]


Howrah–Delhi main line
0 New Delhi
Delhi-UP border
More information:
Kanpur-Delhi section
131 Aligarh Junction
210 Tundla Junction
301 Etawah Junction
441 Kanpur Central
More information:
Mughalsarai-Kanpur section
635 Allahabad Junction
to Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line
786 Mughalsarai Junction
to Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line
More information:
Patna-Mughalsarai section
UP-Bihar border
881 Buxar
950 Ara Junction
Son River
990 Danapur
to Patna-Gaya line
999 Patna Junction
Punpun River
More information:
Asansol-Patna section
1044 Bakhtiyarpur Junction
to Bakhtiyarpur–Tilaiya line
1063 Barh
1088 Mokama Junction
to Mokama-Barauni section
to Gaya–Kiul line
1123 Kiul Junction
to Sahibganj Loop
1150 Jamui
1176 Jhajha
Bihar-Jharkhand border
to Jasidih-Dumka-Rampurhat line
1220 Jasidih Junction
Ajay River
to Madhupur Giridih Rail Line
1249 Madhupur Junction
25 Chittaranjan
Jharkhand-West Bengal border
to Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line
1330 Asansol Junction
More information:
Bardhaman-Asansol section
1373 Durgapur
1437 Barddhaman Junction
More information:
Howrah-Bardhaman chord
1532 Howrah Junction

Source: Google and 12304 Poorva Express (via Howrah)

Patna Junction railway station was opened in 1862 as Bankipore Junction[10] in Bankipore town (Bankzpur), headquarters of the division and Patna district in Bengal, British India.[11] The construction of railway line through Patna was started in 1855 and was completed and opened in 1862.[12] Prior to that the transport of raw materials and finished goods was done through the river transport on Ganga river.[2] There are two branch lines one is in the western zone that connects Patna junction railway station with Digha Ghat and the other is in the eastern zone connecting the Patna City railway station with Patna Ghat.[2] The Danapur Division came into existence on 1 January 1925. The present Divisional Railway Managers’s office building was built in 1929.[13]

In 1948 Eastern Railway (ER) started an exclusively third class express train known as 'Janta Express' on 1 October 1948. This initially ran between Patna and Delhi and later on was extended from Delhi up to Howrah in 1949. This was the first Janta Express train in India.[14]

At the Rajendra Nagar Terminal and Patna Junction route relay interlocking (RRI) system were installed between 7 February 2012 till 12 February. The presence of RRI system allows computer operated change of tracks for running trains.[15] The presence of RRT system improves the safety of the railway traffic in the region.[1]


In 2009, the construction of India's longest road-cum-rail bridge, Ganga Rail-Road Bridge, was underway on the banks on the Ganges nearby and will connect Patna to Pahleja Ghat. The railway part of bridge was opened to rail traffic from 3 February 2016 and railway started passenger service from Patliputra Junction to various railway stations on north side of Ganges in Bihar.[16][17] Sources say that when completed it will be 4.55 kilometres (2.83 mi) long and therefore the longest road cum rail bridge in India and one of the longest in the world.[18]

New developments[edit]

In February 2012, The Indian Railways had planned to set up a Railway Station Development Corporation (RSDC) that will work on improving the major railway stations including Patna Junction by building and developing Restaurants, shopping areas and food plaza for commercial business and improving passenger amenities.[19]


The major facilities are Mecanised cleaning ,free WiFi in entire patna junction ,free Ro mineral water ,battery car for handicapped and senior citizen ,available are Waiting rooms, retiring room, computerised reservation facility, Reservation Counter, Vehicle parking etc.[20] The vehicles are allowed to enter the station premises. There are refreshment rooms vegetarian and non-vegetarian, tea stall, book stall, post and telegraphic office and Government Railway police (G.R.P) office.[21] There is a special foreign tourist ticket counter at the first floor reservation office in the right hand wing of the railway station premises.[22] Patna Junction is located close to the bus terminal and domestic airport providing transport to important destinations of Bihar.[21]

To modernise the train inquiry system a call centre has been opened at Patna in 2005.[23] People from Bihar can inquire about arrival and departure of trains, reservation status, fare, concessions, etc., by dialling a universal telephone number 139 at local call rates. 200 to 500 lines are used in a call centre to ensure that the phone lines do not remain busy and a large number of people can access the facility of enquiry simultaneously. This facility was extended throughout India by the end of 2005–06 to get the desired train related information by dialling a universal number 139 at local call charges.[23] Automatic ticket vending machines have been installed to reduce the queue for train tickets on the station.[24] One of the two departmental catering units of Danapur division are located at Patna Junction, the other being at Kiul Junction.[25] Patna Junction is going to have a Metro Station under Patna Metro.[26]


There are 10 platforms at Patna Junction.[1] The platforms are interconnected with three foot over bridge (FOB). The Western Overbridge is called the Delhi end FOB and the easternmost FOB is called Kolkata end FOB.[27]


Patna Junction is among the selected Railway Stations of India where Automated Escalators are being installed. Escalators are installed on Platform 10 and by end of this year it will be installed on the rest of the platforms.[28]


Patna Junction railway station is a major station of the East Central Railways. Its location on the Delhi Kolkata rail route, makes Patna Junction served by several express and superfast trains from all over the country. Several electrified local passenger trains also run from Patna to neighbouring destinations on frequent intervals.[29]

The following table lists some important trains originating/passing from Patna Junction:[30][31]

Some Important Trains at Patna Junction
Train No. Train Name Train type Destination
12309 Rajendra Nagar Patna Rajdhani Express Rajdhani New Delhi
12423 Dibrugarh Town Rajdhani Express Rajdhani Express New Delhi
12305 Howrah Rajdhani Express Rajdhani New Delhi
22214 Patna – Shalimar Duronto Express Duronto Kolkata
12024 Patna – Howrah Jan Shatabdi Express Jan Shatabdi Howrah
12365 Patna – Ranchi Jan Shatabdi Express Jan Shatabdi Ranchi
12360 Patna – Kolkata Garib Rath Garib Rath Kolkata
12569 Jaynagar Anand Vihar Garib Rath Express Garib Rath Delhi
22405 Bhagalpur - Anand Vihar Terminal Garib Rath Express Garib Rath Delhi
12393 Sampoorna Kranti Express Superfast New Delhi
12401 Magadh Express Superfast New Delhi
12367 Vikramshila Express Superfast Delhi
12391 Shramjeevi Express Superfast New Delhi
18621 Patliputra Express Express Ranchi
12355 Archana Express Superfast Jammu
12948 Azimabad Superfast Express Superfast Ahmedabad
12395 Ziyarat Express Superfast Ajmer
13330 Ganga Damodar Express Express Dhanbad
14224 Budhpurnima Express Express Rajgir
12577 Bagmati Express Superfast Mysuru
13234 Rajgriha Express Express Rajgir
18450 Puri Baidyanathdham Express Express Puri
12568 Patna – Sahara Rajya Rani Express Rajya Rani Saharsa
12303 Poorva Express Superfast New Delhi
14056 Brahmaputra Mail Express Dibrugarh

Nearest airports[edit]

The nearest airports to Patna Junction are:[32]

  1. Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
  2. Gaya Airport 108 kilometres (67 mi)

In Popular Culture[edit]

See also[edit]

Patna travel guide from Wikivoyage


  1. ^ a b c "Route relay interlocking system now operational at Patna junction". The Times of India. 20 February 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Intra Urban Market Geography. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 35–. GGKEY:H0N03P8ZTPB. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "History of Electrification". information published by CORE (Central Organization for Railway Electrification). CORE (Central Organization for Railway Electrification). Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  4. ^ Kumod Verma (17 December 2013). "Patna Junction to get two escalators by Jan-end". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Patna serial blasts". India Today. 29 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "Patna by Railways". 
  7. ^ Kory Goldberg; Michelle Dcary (9 November 2009). Along the Path – The Meditator's Companion to the Buddha's Land. Pariyatti. pp. 200–. ISBN 978-1-928706-56-4. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  8. ^ Tom Woodhatch (1999). Nepal handbook. Footprint Travel Guides. pp. 435–. ISBN 978-1-900949-44-6. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Rlys to build 5 deluxe toilets". The Times of India. 14 October 2011. 
  10. ^ Amit Bhelari (2015-02-28). "Train to trace travels of Mahatma". Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  11. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 6, page 382 – Imperial Gazetteer of India — Digital South Asia Library". 2013-02-18. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  12. ^ "Bihar And Orissa District Gazetteers Patna — L.S.S. O`malley — Google Books". Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  13. ^ "Danapur Division". Background. Official Website of the East Central Railway, Gov of India. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "Indian Railway History Time line". Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "Several trains rescheduled, cancelled from Feb 7 to 12". The Times of India. 5 February 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  16. ^
  17. ^ "India's longest rail-cum-road bridge to come up in Bihar". Hindustan Times. 12 October 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  18. ^ "Digha bridge cost likely to jump by Rs 3,000 cr". The Times of India. 3 July 2011. 
  19. ^ "Railways to set up body to develop stations". The Times of India. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  20. ^ "List of Locations (Irrespective of States) Where Computerized Reservation Facilities Are Available". Official website of the Indian Railways. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  21. ^ a b "Patna Railway station". Travel, Indian Railways. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  22. ^ Sarina Singh; Lindsay Brown; Mark Elliott; Paul Harding; Abigail Hole; Patrick Horton (1 September 2009). Lonely Planet India. Lonely Planet. pp. 573–. ISBN 978-1-74179-151-8. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  23. ^ a b "Speech: Railway Budget 2005–06". Press Information Bureau, Govt of India. Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  24. ^ "8 more stations to be made models". The Times of India. 12 May 2002. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  25. ^ "Rly catering services to be privatised". The Times of India. 28 November 2004. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  26. ^ Patna Metro[full citation needed]
  27. ^ "'Stampede' on Patna Junction FOB". The Times of India. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  28. ^ "Patna Junction to have Automatic Escalators for Passengers". Retrieved 4 September 2013. 
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ "Trains at Patna Junction". India Rail Info. 
  31. ^ "Patna Junction Railway Station Details". Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  32. ^ "Patna Railway Station". Retrieved 31 March 2012. 
  33. ^ "Tejaswi rolls out red carpet for Chetan Bhagat". The Hindu. 13 April 2016. 

External links[edit]