Patna City

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Patna Sahib)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Patna City

Patna Saheb/Patna Saheb
Patna City is located in Patna
Patna City
Patna City
Location in Patna, India
Coordinates: 25°35′10″N 85°11′4″E / 25.58611°N 85.18444°E / 25.58611; 85.18444Coordinates: 25°35′10″N 85°11′4″E / 25.58611°N 85.18444°E / 25.58611; 85.18444
Country India
 • BodyPatna Municipal Corporation
 • SpokenHindi, English (main official), Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri, Urdu and Punjabi (liturgical)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
800009, 800008, 800007[1]
Planning agencyPatna Regional Development Authority
Civic agencyPatna Municipal Corporation
Lok SabhaPatna Sahib (Lok Sabha constituency)
Vidhan SabhaPatna Sahib (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Patna City, popularly known as Patna Saheb or Patna Sahib, is a neighbourhood in Patna, Bihar, India. It is regarded as very sacred by the Sikhs in India.[2] The tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh was born there. The Patna Saheb Gurudwara is considered to be one of the holiest of the five "Takhts" or seat of authority of the Sikhs. The place is named Harminder Takht though the Sikhs respectfully call it Patna Sahib. The famous Guru Gobind Sahib Gurudwara is an important shrine for Sikhs from all over the world.[3] Ashok Rajpath (road) connects Patna City to Patna.


Patna City is an old area of Patna. Patna City history belongs to Patliputra. Patna City comes under Patna Sahib (Vidhan Sabha constituency).[4] Bengali Colony, Jhauganj, Lodi Katra, Rambagh, Kali Asthan, Nehru Tola, Marufganj, Harmandir Gali, Bihar Mills Colony are major areas of Patna City. The main Guru Gobind road connects Patna Sahib Gurudwara and Patna City Chowk. Mangal Talab is a water body located here. Patna City has all sorts of facilities like schools, hospitals for its residents. Other than Sikh Religious center it has a number of Hindu Temples and Mosques. It has a number of Boarding and Lodging facilities around religious centers. Patna Ghat is the Ganga side Ghat flowing in north of Patna City. Today, Patna City is also a major trading centre.[5]

Famous Streets[edit]

The streets are famous not only of Benaras, but also of Patna. Old Patna means today's Patna City. From Maurya to Mughal and then from Mughal to the center of British rule, this city has a glimpse of history. History that is hidden in street names.

Mirchai Gali (Meaning : The Street of Chillies) - The street with the historic Rani Dadi Temple of Patna City is the Mirchai Gali.There used to be a famous Chilli Market here decade ago. There were dozens of warehouses here. The chili business ended with time, but this street identity remains intact till date.

Gurhatta (Meaning: The killing of Whites) - The historic tomb area of the British adjacent to Ashok Rajpath is called Gurhatta. According to historians, the British East India Company handed over the reins to Mir Qasim Ali Khan, his son-in-law, in place of Mir Jafar, the Nawab of Bengal. Mir Qasim remained the Nawab of Bengal from the years 1760 to 64. At that time, the Mughal ruler issued a license named 'Dastak' to British companies for doing business in Hindustan, under which they were allowed to not collect business tax while Indian businessmen had to pay tax of forty percent of their business. Mir Qasim raised his voice against this discrimination. The end result was a massacre. According to the information, Mir Qasim had massacred about 80 European and local English prisoners. For this reason, even today, this area is called "The Killing of Whites" i.e. Gurhatta. The remains associated with it are still preserved here.

Phulouri Gali - Phulouri Gali is nearby Shaheed Bhagat Singh Chowk. there used to be Phulwari (Flower Garden) here decades ago. People used to come from far and wide to see the flower beds here. With time the Phulwari here was destroyed and the population settled. The name also evolved by time and changed to Phulouri Gali.

Kachori Gali - A famous dessert of the famous Patna City in the country and abroad, 'Khurchan' is made at the mouth of this street. Before the independence of the country, there used to be a court for execution and justice at the local level. The shops of Kachori-Jalebi-Ghunghi (Famous Street Foods) used to be there on this street for the visitors of the then office. With the change of time, the street named Kachahari(Court) became famous as Kachori(Name of a Famous Street Food).


  • Shri Jalla Mahavir Mandir[6][7][8]
  • Bal Leela Gurudwara, Maini Sangat
  • Bahari Begumpur(One of the historical place in the city)
  • Khanqah Emadia Qalandaria, Mangal Talab
  • Khanqah Munamia Hasania, Teeksaal Darguah
  • Railway Quarter, Patna City
  • Mangal Talab (talab means tank[9]), Named after the donor Late Shri Mangal Lal, a local landlord.
  • Kashmiri Bagh (graveyard)
  • Old Cemetery, Patna City
  • Jalla Area (Hanuman Mandir, Shani mandir)
  • Manoj Kamaliya Stadium, a small outdoor stadium at Mangal Talab.
  • Takht Sri Harimandir Sahib Ji
  • Gurudwara Shri Guru Ka Bagh



  • Infant Jesus School[10]
  • ST. Annes High School[11]
  • Patna City Central School
  • Little Flower High School
  • Sudarshan Central School
  • Arora International High School, Patna city[12]
  • St. Paul High School, Patna city
  • Jesus and Marry Academy, Patna city[13]
  • Marwari High School, Patna City (Government aided)
  • Patna City High School (Government aided)
  • Guru Gobind Singh Boys School (Government aided)
  • Guru Gobind Singh Girls School (Government aided)
  • Narayani Kanya Vidyalaya (Government aided)






It has its own railway station, known as Patna Sahib railway station. It is connected to many metropolitan cities of India by the Howrah-Delhi Main Line.

Patna City Bus Service[edit]

This service is started in 2018 by BSRTC 15 buses has been operational on these routes connecting 17 different locations between Gandhi Maidan and Patna City,three major railway stations, including the Patna Junction, Rajendra Nagar Terminal and Patna Sahib station, will be covered under the new route called ‘555’. The route has been named ‘555’ as a sign of respect for Panj Pyare — the five beloved ones of Sikh Guru Gobind Singh. The 17 locations include Kargil Chowk, Biscomaun Bhawan, Dak Bungalow, Patna Junction, Chandmari Road, Kankerbagh Colony, Tiwary Bechar, Rajendra Nagar Terminal, Bahadurpur Gumti, Nalanda Medical College and Hospital, Kumhrar Park, Dhanuki Mor, Zero mile, Chhoti Pahari Mor, Tent City Mor, Mangal Talab Mor and Patna Sahib station. State transport minister Santosh Kumar Nirala and transport secretary Sanjay Kumar Agarwal has flagged off the buses from the Patna Sahib station. They will be available at an interval of every 10–15 minutes, starting from 7am till 9pm. Bihar State Road Transport Corporation had started city bus service on various routes of Patna and nearby. Almost 50 thousands passenger travels through city bus services across all routes. But as per the demands of the daily passengers it needs to bring new buses on all routes to enhance the quality and safety of the passengers.[16]

State government has also planning to upgrade current three wheelers (auto's) which are emitting CO2 on higher level due to petrol based engine to CNG operated auto's,they will be upgraded on government subsidy PPP partnership either exchanged or made petrol to CNG emission adaptable by installing P2G CNG kits. Currently electronic operated rickshaws (tuktuks) can be easily seen on the roads of Patna City.[17]

Police Stations[edit]

The following Police Stations of Patna Police serve this area:

  • Chowk Police Station
  • Deedarganj Police Station[18]
  • Khajekalan Police Station


  1. ^ Details of Post Office PATNA CITY, PATNA
  2. ^ Patna Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine thesikhencyclopedia
  4. ^ "Rural voters to help EC create awareness in towns".
  5. ^ Patna Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine traveladvisorindia
  6. ^ "जल्ला महावीर मंदिर के पदाधिकारियों की घोषणा". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 26 November 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Jalla Hanuman Mandir, Begampur, Patna City". Trell. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  8. ^ "न पत्थर, न धातु, यहां भभूत से बने हैं हनुमान". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 13 March 2020. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  9. ^ Sengupta, Nirmal (1 January 2007). Economic Studies of Indigenous and Traditional Knowledge. Academic Foundation. p. 129. ISBN 978-81-7188-586-2. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  10. ^ "Infant Jesus School Patna city". Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  11. ^ "St Annes school patna city". Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Arora International School". Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  13. ^ "Jesus and Mary academy Patna city". Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  14. ^ "oriental college patna city". Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  15. ^ "Library will be developed". Prabhat Khabhar. 24 November 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  16. ^ "15 new buses from Gandhi Maiden to Patna City now". Times of India. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  17. ^ "पटना में सभी ऑटो सीएनजी से चलेंगे". (in Hindi). 14 July 2019. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  18. ^ "News in Brief". Calcutta Telegraph. Retrieved 28 November 2011.