Patrasayer (community development block)
|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||321.07 km2 (123.97 sq mi)|
|Elevation||61 m (200 ft)|
|• Density||570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-67, WB-68|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bishnupur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Indas, Sonamukhi|
From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj
From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.
Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.
Patrasayer is located at.
Patrasayer CD Block is located in the eastern part of the district and belongs to the fertile low lying alluvial plains, similar to the predominating rice lands in the adjacent districts of West Bengal. The area is also referred to as Ptrasayer plains. Here, the eye constantly rests on wide expanses of rice fields, green in the rains but parched and dry in summer.
Patrasayer CD Block is bounded by Galsi I CD Block, in Bardhaman district across the Damodar, on the north, Khandaghosh CD Block, in Bardhaman district, and Indas on the east, Joypur CD Block on the south and Bishnupur and Sonamukhi CD Blocks on the west.
Patrasayer CD Block has an area of 322.62 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 134 gram sansads (village councils), 160 mouzas and 151 inhabited villages. Patrasayer police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Patrasayer.
As per the 2011 Census of India Patrasayer CD Block had a total population of 184,070, all of which were rural. There were 93,614 (51%) males and 90,456 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,226. Scheduled Castes numbered 85,501 (46.45%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 5,533 (3.01%).
As per 2001 census, Patrasayer block had a total population of 164,048, out of which 83,432 were males and 80,616 were females. Patrasayer block registered a population growth of 16.68 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 15.15 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Patrasayer CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Kantaban (4,209), Patrasair (10,844), Chak Patra Saer (5,100), Biur (4,105) and Birsingha (5,231).
Other villages in Patrasayer CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Jamkuri (3,348), Rasulpur (3,266), Belut (2,780), Hamirpur (2,635), Balsi Purbapara (1,516), Balsi Dakshinpara (1,003), Jamkuri (3,341) and Kushadwip (1,943).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Patrasayer CD Block was 105,629 (64.87% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 60,755 (73.46% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 44,874 (56.00%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 17.46%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Bankura Sadar subdivision|
|Saltora – 61.45%|
|Mejia – 66.83%|
|Gangajalghati – 68.11%|
|Chhatna – 65.73%|
|Bankura I – 68.74%|
|Bankura II – 73.59%|
|Barjora – 71.67%|
|Onda – 65.82%|
|Indas – 71.70%|
|Joypur – 74.57%|
|Patrasayer – 64.8%|
|Kotulpur – 78.01%|
|Sonamukhi – 66.16%|
|Bishnupur – 66.30%|
|Indpur – 67.42%|
|Ranibandh – 68.53%|
|Khatra – 72.18%|
|Hirbandh – 64.18%|
|Raipur – 71.33%|
|Sarenga – 74.25%|
|Simlapal – 68.44%|
|Taldangra – 70.87%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Language and religion
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 156,826 and formed 85.20% of the population in Patrasayer CD Block. Muslims numbered 23,160 and formed 12.58% of the population. Christians numbered 36 and formed 0.02% of the population. Others numbered 4,048 and formed 2.20% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
150 or 94% of mouzas in Patrasayer CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Patrasayer CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 13.86%, patta (document) holders 20.65%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.82%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 15.68% and agricultural labourers 44.99%.
In 2003-04 net area sown Patrasayer CD Block was 16,413 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 5,000 hectares.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Patrasayer CD Block was 17,867 hectares, out of which 7,727 hectares was by canal water, 225 hectares by tank water, 980 hectares by river lift irrigation, 438 hectares by deep tube well, 8,432 hectares by shallow tubewell, 55 hectares by open dug wells and 10 hectares by other methods.
In 2013-14, Patrasayer CD Block produced 3,390 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,405 hectares, 7,964 tonnes of Aus paddy from 3,191 hectares, 16,859 tonnes of Boro paddy from 4,851 hectares, 293 tonnes of wheat from 152 hectares and 12,578,000 tonnes of potatoes from 2,030 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.
Handloom and pottery industries
The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Patrasayer CD Block had 546 silk looms in operation.
Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 225 families were involved in Patrasayer CD Block.
In 2013-14, Patrasayer CD Block had 2 ferry services and 11 originating/ terminating bus routes.
The Bankura-Masagram line (formerly Bankura Damodar Railway) of South Eastern passes through this CD Block. There is a station at Patrasayer, 56.5 km from Bankura. As of September 2016, DEMU services were available between Bankura and Mathnasibpur.
In 2013-14, Patrasayer CD Block had 143 primary schools with 15,294 students, 17 middle schools with 2,258 students, 7 high schools with 3,825 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 14,021 students. Patrasayer CD Block had 1 general college with 1,215 students and 305 institutions for special and non-formal education with 10,303 students. 
In 2014, Patrasayer CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 3 primary health centres with total 50 beds and 4 doctors. It had 27 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 5,229 patients were treated indoor and 168,175 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.
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