Patrasayer (community development block)

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Patrasayer
পাত্রসায়র
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Patrasayer is located in West Bengal
Patrasayer
Patrasayer
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°13′00″N 87°31′00″E / 23.2167°N 87.5167°E / 23.2167; 87.5167Coordinates: 23°13′00″N 87°31′00″E / 23.2167°N 87.5167°E / 23.2167; 87.5167
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bankura
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 321.07 km2 (123.97 sq mi)
Elevation 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 184,070
 • Density 570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 722206 (Patrasayer)
Telephone/STD code 03244
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-67, WB-68
Literacy 64.87%
Lok Sabha constituency Bishnupur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Indas, Sonamukhi
Website patrasayerblock.org

Patrasayer is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bishnupur subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj[edit]

From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.[1]

Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Patrasayer is located at 23°13′00″N 87°31′00″E / 23.2167°N 87.5167°E / 23.2167; 87.5167.

Patrasayer CD Block is located in the eastern part of the district and belongs to the fertile low lying alluvial plains, similar to the predominating rice lands in the adjacent districts of West Bengal. The area is also referred to as Ptrasayer plains. Here, the eye constantly rests on wide expanses of rice fields, green in the rains but parched and dry in summer.[2][3]

Patrasayer CD Block is bounded by Galsi I CD Block, in Bardhaman district across the Damodar, on the north, Khandaghosh CD Block, in Bardhaman district, and Indas on the east, Joypur CD Block on the south and Bishnupur and Sonamukhi CD Blocks on the west.[4][5]

It is located 57 km from Bankura, the district headquarters.[4]

Patrasayer CD Block has an area of 322.62 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 134 gram sansads (village councils), 160 mouzas and 151 inhabited villages. Patrasayer police station serves this block.[6] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Patrasayer.

Gram panchayats of Patrasayer block/ panchayat samiti are: Balsi I, Balsi II, Belut Rasulpur, Birsingha, Biur Betur, Hamirpur, Jamkuri, Kushadwip, Narayanpur and Patrasayer.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Patrasayer CD Block had a total population of 184,070, all of which were rural. There were 93,614 (51%) males and 90,456 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,226. Scheduled Castes numbered 85,501 (46.45%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 5,533 (3.01%).[8]

As per 2001 census, Patrasayer block had a total population of 164,048, out of which 83,432 were males and 80,616 were females. Patrasayer block registered a population growth of 16.68 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 15.15 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Patrasayer CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Kantaban (4,209), Patrasair (10,844), Chak Patra Saer (5,100), Biur (4,105) and Birsingha (5,231).[8]

Other villages in Patrasayer CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Jamkuri (3,348), Rasulpur (3,266), Belut (2,780), Hamirpur (2,635), Balsi Purbapara (1,516), Balsi Dakshinpara (1,003), Jamkuri (3,341) and Kushadwip (1,943).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Patrasayer CD Block was 105,629 (64.87% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 60,755 (73.46% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 44,874 (56.00%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 17.46%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[4]

Religion in Patrasayer CD Block
Hindu
  
85.20%
Muslim
  
12.58%
Christian
  
0.02%
Others
  
2.20%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 156,826 and formed 85.20% of the population in Patrasayer CD Block. Muslims numbered 23,160 and formed 12.58% of the population. Christians numbered 36 and formed 0.02% of the population. Others numbered 4,048 and formed 2.20% of the population.[11] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[12] and other religious communities.[11]

BPL families[edit]

In Patrasayer CD Block 37.63% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[13]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

150 or 94% of mouzas in Patrasayer CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[14]

160 mouzas in Patrasayer CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 99 fertiliser depots, 12 seed stores and 48 fair price shops in the CD Block.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Patrasayer CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 13.86%, patta (document) holders 20.65%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.82%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 15.68% and agricultural labourers 44.99%.[14]

In 2003-04 net area sown Patrasayer CD Block was 16,413 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 5,000 hectares.[15]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Patrasayer CD Block was 17,867 hectares, out of which 7,727 hectares was by canal water, 225 hectares by tank water, 980 hectares by river lift irrigation, 438 hectares by deep tube well, 8,432 hectares by shallow tubewell, 55 hectares by open dug wells and 10 hectares by other methods.[14]

In 2013-14, Patrasayer CD Block produced 3,390 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,405 hectares, 7,964 tonnes of Aus paddy from 3,191 hectares, 16,859 tonnes of Boro paddy from 4,851 hectares, 293 tonnes of wheat from 152 hectares and 12,578,000 tonnes of potatoes from 2,030 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.[14]

Handloom and pottery industries[edit]

The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Patrasayer CD Block had 546 silk looms in operation.[16]

Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 225 families were involved in Patrasayer CD Block.[17]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Patrasayer CD Block had offices of 7 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[14] 1 District central Co-Operative Bank

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Patrasayer CD Block had 2 ferry services and 11 originating/ terminating bus routes.[14]

The Bankura-Masagram line (formerly Bankura Damodar Railway) of South Eastern passes through this CD Block. There is a station at Patrasayer, 56.5 km from Bankura. As of September 2016, DEMU services were available between Bankura and Mathnasibpur.[18]

The State Highway 8 (West Bengal) running from Santaldih (in Purulia district) to Majhdia (in Nadia district) passes through this CD Block.[19]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Patrasayer CD Block had 143 primary schools with 15,294 students, 17 middle schools with 2,258 students, 7 high schools with 3,825 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 14,021 students. Patrasayer CD Block had 1 general college with 1,215 students and 305 institutions for special and non-formal education with 10,303 students. [20]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Patrasayer CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 3 primary health centres with total 50 beds and 4 doctors. It had 27 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 5,229 patients were treated indoor and 168,175 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O’Malley, L.S.S. "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura". Bankura District Authorities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook Bankura" (PDF). pages 13-17. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  3. ^ O’Malley, L.S.S., ICS, Bankura, Bengal District Gazetteers, pp. 1-20, first published 1908, 1995 reprint, Government of West Bengal
  4. ^ a b c "Patrasayer Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Tehsil Map of Bankura". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bankura - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Bankura District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page 27, Pages 237-244. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 58. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 85. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Pages: 83-84. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "Bankura-Mathnasibpur DEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  19. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 4.4. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 3.1, 3.2, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016.