Theoleptus II of Constantinople
|Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople|
|Church||Church of Constantinople|
|Installed||16 February 1585|
|Term ended||May 1586|
|Previous post||Metropolitan of Philippoupolis|
Theoleptus was a nephew of Patriarch Metrophanes III. He became Metropolitan of Philippopolis and although he had been helped by Patriarch Jeremias II, he conspired against him, leaguing with Pachomius II. When Pachomius was deposed, Theoleptus was appointed Patriarch in his place, on 16 February 1585, and he was formally enthroned in March 1585 by the Patriarchs of Alexandria and Antioch.
In May 1586, while Theoleptus was travelling in Moldavia and Wallachia to raise funds, Nicephorus (died 1596), a deacon of the exiled Patriarch Jeremias, managed to dethrone him. Nicephorus became locum tenens of the throne until April 1587, when Jeremias II was re-elected o the Patriarchate even though he was absent from Istanbul in a long travel to Ukraine and Russia. Jeremias was informed of his re-election only in 1589 in Moldova, when he was on the way back to Istanbul; he arrived there in 1590. In the meantime the deacon Nicephorus went on governing the Church in name of Jeremias. The term of Nicephorus was shortly interrupted for about ten days by the deacon Dionysios (later Metropolitan of Larissa, died 1611).
After April 1587, a synodal decision pardoned Theoleptus and sent him to Iberia to raise money for the indebted Church. In 1587 Theoleptus adopted a signet for the Soumela Monastery, but it is not known whether it was lawfully or unlawfully issued. Finally, it is known that Theoleptus was reconciled with Jeremias II and that he helped the government of the Church until 1590. His fate after that is unknown.
Theoleptus was the last Patriarch who had the see in the Pammakaristos Church, which was converted into a mosque in 1586. The Patriarchate moved on to the poor Church of Theotokos Paramythia (later in the precincts of the "Vlach Saray", the residence of the Valachian Hospodar in Constantinople), where it remained for eleven years, until 1597.
- Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 38,46. ISBN 978-1-4344-5876-6.
- "Θεόληπτος Β´". Ecumenical Patriarchate. Retrieved 12 Sep 2011.(Greek)
- Gudziak, Borys A. (2001). Crisis and reform : the Kyivan Metropolitanate, the Patriarchate of Constantinople, and the genesis of the Union of Brest. Cambridge, Mass: Ukrainian Research Institute, Harvard University. p. 31,39. ISBN 0-916458-92-X.