List of heads of the Serbian Orthodox Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Patriarch of Peć)
Jump to: navigation, search
Patriarch of Peć and the Serbs
Bishopric
orthodox
Patriarch Irinej of Serbia (portrait).jpg
Incumbent:
Patriarch Irinej
Style His Holiness the Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, Serbian Patriarch
First incumbent Sava (Archbishop)
Joanikije II (Patriarch)
Formation 1219 (Archbishopric)
1346 (Patriarchy)
Website spc.rs

This is a list of the Archbishops and Patriarchs of Peć and the Serbs from the creation of the church as an archdiocese in 1219 to today's Patriarchate. The list includes all the Archbishops and Patriarchs that led the Serbian Orthodox Church under the Patriarchate of Peć. Today, the church is unified under a Patriarch who is known officially as Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch. Patriarch Irinej acceded to this position on 23 January 2010.

The Archdiocese of Peć was founded in 1219 by Saint Sava, under the authority of the Patriarch of Constantinople. In 1346, when Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia proclaimed himself Emperor, he also elevated Peć to a patriarchate. This was only recognized by the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1379.

After the Ottoman conquest of the Serbian Despotate in 1459, the Patriarchate gradually lost its importance. At times the church was forced by the Ottoman government to install Greeks in the office. From 1766 to 1920 the patriarchate was abolished and all ecclesiastical jurisdiction was given to the Patriarch of Constantinople. A metropolitan see was maintained in Belgrade from 1766 afterwards. There were also independent Serbian Orthodox sees based in Karlovci and in Montenegro.

In 1920, the church was reunified and the Patriarchy was reestablished with the see moving to Belgrade, but retaining the lineage of the throne of Saint Sava in Peć. The Patriarch holds ecclesiastical authority over the Orthodox Church in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, and also over Serbian Orthodox Christians in Western Europe, Australia, North America, and South America.

Legend[edit]

     venerated to sainthood      also served as Metropolitan of Karlovci
     also served as Metropolitan of Belgrade      Current Serbian Patriarch

Archbishops, 1219–1346[edit]

Archbishop, seated at Žiča (1219–1233)
No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 Sava
Сава
Sabbas
Saint Sava, fresco from Mileševa.jpg 1219–1233 First Archbishop of the autocephalous Serbian Church.
Styled "Archbishop of Serb Lands and the Littoral".
Born at Ras as Rastko Nemanjić / Растко Немањић.
Archbishops, seated at Peć (1233–1346)
2 Arsenije I
Арсеније I
Arsenius I
Saint Arsenije I Sremac.jpeg 1233–1263 First Archbishop of the See of Peć.
Born in Syrmia
3 Sava II
Сава II
Sabbas II
Loza Nemanjica Decani e 5.jpg 1263–1271 Nephew to Sava.
Born at Ras as Predislav Nemanjić / Предислав Немањић.
4 Danilo I
Данило I
Daniel I
No image.png 1271–1272 Replaced due to unknown reason.
5 Joanikije I
Јоаникије I
Joannicius I
No image.png 1272–1276 Disciple of Sava II. Buried at Sopoćani.
Seat vacant 1276–1279
6 Jevstatije I
Јевстатије I
Eustathius I
No image.png 1279–4 January 1286 Relics buried at Patriarchate of Peć.
Born in Budimlje.
7 Jakov I
Јаков I
Jacob I
No image.png 1286–1292
8 Jevstatije II
Јевстатије II
Eustathius II
No image.png 1292–1309
9 Sava III
Сава III
Sabbas III
No image.png 1309–1316 Styled "Archbishop of All Serb and Maritime Lands"
10 Nikodim I
Никодим I
Nicodemus I
Stefan Decanski Coronation.jpg 1316–1324 Co-founder of the Vratna monastery.
11 Danilo II
Данило II
Daniel II
DaniloII.jpg 1324–1337 Hagiographer.
12 Joanikije II
Јоаникије II
Joannicius II
Joanikije II.jpg 1338–1346 Elevated to Patriarch.
Born in Prizren.

Patriarchs, 1346–1766[edit]

Patriarchs of the Holy Patriarchal See of Peć (1346–1766)
First Patriarchate of Peć (1346–1463)
Regnal title: Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of all Serb Lands and the Maritime
No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Place of birth Notes
1 Joanikije II
Јоаникије II
Joannicius II
Joanikije II.jpg 1346 1354 Prizren First Serbian Patriarch installed during the coronation of Emperor Dušan
2 Sava IV
Сава IV
Sabbas IV
No image.png 1354 1375
3 Jefrem I
Јефрем I
Ephraem I
Serbian Patriarch Jefrem.jpg 1375 1380 First tenure
4 Spiridon I
Спиридон I
Spyridon I
Serbian Patriarch Spiridon.jpg 1380 1389
-- Jefrem I
Јефрем I
Ephraem I
Serbian Patriarch Jefrem.jpg 1389 1390 Second tenure
5 Danilo III
Данило III
Daniel III
Serbian Patriarch Danilo III.jpg 1390 1396
6 Sava V
Сава V
Sabbas V
No image.png 1396 1406
7 Danilo IV
Данило IV
Daniel IV
No image.png 1406
8 Kirilo I
Кирило I
Cyril I
No image.png 1407 1419
9 Nikon I
Никон I
Nicon I
No image.png 1420 1435
10 Teofan I
Теофан I
Theophanes I
No image.png 1435 1446 For unknown reasons not listed as an official Patriarch of the church
11 Nikodim II
Никодим II
Nicodemus II
No image.png 1446 1455
12 Arsenije II
Арсеније II
Arsenius II
No image.png 1457 1463
First Ottoman Intervention (1463–1557)[A]
vacant due to Ottoman Empire's abolition and transfer of jurisdiction to Archbishopric of Ohrid
No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Place of birth Notes
-- Jovan I
Јован I
John I
No image.png 1508 Archbishop Jovan was mentioned as "Guardian of the Throne of Saint Sava"
-- Marko
Марко
Mark
No image.png 1524 Title was Serbian Metropolitan
-- Pavle (I)
Павле I
Paul I
No image.png 1526 1541 Metropolitan of Smederevo, attempted to restore Serbian Patriarchate on few occasions between 1526 and 1541, succeeding briefly
Second Patriarchate of Peć (1557–1766)
Full regnal title: Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Serbs and Bulgarians
Basic regnal title: Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch
No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Place of birth Notes
13 Makarije I
Макарије I
Macarius I
Makarije Sokolovic.jpg Sokolović
Соколовић
1557 1571 Višegrad
14 Antonije I
Антоније I
Anthony I
No image.png Sokolović
Соколовић
1571 1575
15 Gerasim I
Герасим I
Gerasimus I
No image.png Sokolović
Соколовић
1575 1586
16 Savatije I
Саватије I
Sabbatios I
Savatije Sokolović.jpg Sokolović
Соколовић
1586 Prijepolje
17 Nikanor I
Никанор I
Nicanor I
No image.png ?
18 Jerotej I
Јеротеј I
Hieroteos I
No image.png 1589 1590
19 Filip I
Филип I
Philip I
No image.png 1591 1592
20 Jovan II
Јован II
John II
Jovan Kantul, by Georgije Mitrofanović.jpg Kantul
Кантул
1592 1613
21 Pajsije I
Пајсије I
Paisius I
No image.png 1614 1647 Janjevo
22 Gavrilo I
Гаврило I
Gabriel I
No image.png Rajić
Рајић
1648 1655 Štitkovo
23 Maksim I
Максим I
Maxim I
No image.png 1655 1674 Skopje
24 Arsenije III
Арсеније III
Arsenius III
Arsenije III.jpg Crnojević
Црнојевић
1674 1690 (1706) Cetinje, Montenegro Patriarch that lead the Serbs to migration into the Habsburg Monarchy. After 1690, he reorganised and headed the branch of the Serbian church in the Habsburg Monarchy.
25 Kalinik I
Калиник I
Callinicus I
No image.png 1691 1710 Skopje Ethnic Greek. Maintained the Patriarchate of Peć in turbulent times after the mass exodous of Serbs from the Ottoman Empire.
26 Atanasije I
Атанасије I
Athanasius I
No image.png 1711 1712
27 Mojsije I
Мојсије I
Moses I
No image.png Rajović
Рајовић
1712 1725
28 Arsenije IV
Арсеније IV
Arsenius IV
Arsenije IV Jovanović Šakabenta.jpg Jovanović Šakabenta
Јовановић Шакабента
1725 1737 Peć
29 Joanikije III
Јоаникије III
Joannicius III
No image.png Karadža
Караџа
1739 1746 Ethnic Greek.
30 Atanasije II
Атанасије II
Athanasius II
No image.png Gavrilović
Гавриловић
1746 1752 Skopje
31 Gavrilo II
Гаврило II
Gabriel II
No image.png Mihajlović (Sarajevac)
Михајловић (Сарајевац)
1752 Sarajevo
32 Gavrilo III
Гаврило III
Gabriel III
No image.png Nikolić
Николић
1752 1758
33 Vikentije I
Викентије И
Vicentius I
No image.png Stefanović
Стефановић
1758
34 Pajsije II
Пајсије II
Paisius II
No image.png 1758 Ethnic Greek.
35 Gavrilo IV
Гаврило IV
Gabriel IV
No image.png 1758 Ethnic Greek.
36 Kirilo II
Кирило II
Cyril II
No image.png 1758 1763
37 Vasilije I
Василије I
Basil I
No image.png Jovanović Brkić
Јовановић Бркић
1763 1765
38 Kalinik II
Калиник II
Callinicus II
No image.png 1765 1766 Ethnic Greek. Resigned as Patriarch, effectively abolishing the post and relegating it to the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople
Second Ottoman Intervention (1766–1920)
Ottoman Empire abolishes the Patriarchate of Peć for the final time. During the period of 1766 to 1920, the Serbian Orthodox Christians within the Ottoman Empire are subjected to the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
See List of Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople

Due to the war between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League, a large number of Serbs migrated to Habsburg Monarchy in 1690. This caused the establishment of a Metropolitanate in Karlovci in 1708. Later on the see was elevated to a patriarchate in 1848 as a reward to Serbs who supported the Habsburgs during the 1848/1849 revolution.

For the Metropolitans of Karlovci, see Metropolitanate of Karlovci
For the Patriarchs of Karlovci, see Patriarchate of Karlovci

After the founding of the Principality of Serbia, autonomous Metropolitanate of Belgrade was created in 1831, under the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. It gained full autocephaly in 1879 and merged in 1920 with other Serbian ecclesiastical provinces to form united Serbian Orthodox Church.

For the Metropolitans of Belgrade, see Metropolitanate of Belgrade

There was also a see in Cetinje, Montenegro since the late 15th century. The Vladikas of Montenegro were Orthodox bishops that ran the tiny medieval Serb statlet of Montenegero. The Metropolitante of Montenegero was a part of three major dioceses that merged to form the reunited Serbian church in 1920 (the other were the Metropolitante of Belgrade and the Patriarchate of Karlovci).

See List of Metropolitans of Montenegro

Patriarchs, 1920–present[edit]

Patriarchs of the Holy Patriarchal See of Belgrade (Peć) (1920–present)
Regnal title: Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch[B]
No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Place of birth Notes
39 Dimitrije [I]
Димитрије (I)
Dimitrius (I)
Димитрије (Павловић).jpg Dimitrije Pavlović
Димитрије Павловић
12 September 1920 6 April 1930 Požarevac, Principality of Serbia First Patriarch of the reunified Serbian church
40 Varnava [I]
Варнава (I)
Barnabas (I)
Патриарх Варнава.jpg Petar Rosić
Петар Росић
12 May 1930 23 July 1937 Pljevlja, Ottoman Empire Some believe he may have been poisoned
41 Gavrilo [V]
Гaврилo (V)
Gabriel (V)
Патријарх Гаврило (Дожић).jpg Gavrilo Dožić
Гaврилo Дoжић
21 February 1938 7 May 1950 Vrujci, Principality of Montenegro Known unofficially as Gavrilo V Dožić-Medenica
42 Vikentije [II]
Викентије (II)
Vicentius (II)
No image.png Vitomir Prodanov
Витомир Проданов
1 July 1950 5 July 1958 Bačko Petrovo Selo, Austria-Hungary Not known as Vikentije II but entered just as Vikentije. Some believe he may have been second poisoned Patriarch
43 German [II]
Герман (II)
Herman (II)
Patrijarh Srpski German by Stevan Kragujevic.JPG Hranislav Đorić
Хранислав Ђорић
14 September 1958 30 November 1990 Jošanička Banja, Kingdom of Serbia Longest reigning Patriarch and only retired Patriarch during his life
44 Pavle [II]
Павле (II)
Paul (II)
Patrijarh Pavle.jpg Gojko Stojčević
Гојко Стојчевић
1 December 1990 15 November 2009 Kućanci, Austria-Hungary Not known as Pavle II but entered just as Pavle
45 Irinej [I]
Иринеј (I)
Irenaeus (I)
Patriarch Irinej of Serbia (portrait).jpg Miroslav Gavrilović
Мирослав Гавриловић
23 January 2010 Present Vidova, Kingdom of Yugoslavia

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • A The Ottomans did not recognize the official title of "Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Serbs". However still church records still record these three men as Patriarchs even though they did not serve in full title. They were still known as the exrach and protector of the throne
  • B The patriarchs hold the title of Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Patriarch of all Serbs and are considered the successors to the Patriarchal throne of Peć. However, the Patriarchy is based in Belgrade, Serbia.

External links[edit]