Patrick Allan Fraser
Patrick Allan Fraser HRSA (1812 – 1890), was a Scottish painter and architect.
Patrick Allan was born in Arbroath in 1813, a son of weaving merchant Robert Allan. He began training as a solicitor but was then indentured in his grandfather's house-painting business, and was encouraged to study at the Trustees' Academy at the end of his apprenticeship. There he met Robert Scott Lauder and accompanied him to Rome in the mid-1830s. The Lauders returned to Scotland in 1838 but Fraser settled for a time in Paris, painting views of the city. He was back in Arbroath by 1839, but then settled in London.
Allan returned to Arbroath in 1842 on the invitation of the Edinburgh publisher Cadell, who wanted him to illustrate a new edition of Walter Scott's The Antiquary; however, the edition was never published. In 1843, Allan married heiress Elizabeth Fraser and took her name. Together they remodelled Hospitalfield House; the scheme used mainly local craftsmen and converted an eighteenth-century barn into a gallery, added a five-storey bartizan and a large wing. In 1856 the Frasers began the renovation of the Blackcraig Castle estate in Strathardle. Patrick became an architect and supervised the renovation himself. He commissioned portraits of members of The Clique group of English artists for Hospitalfield.
After his wife's death in 1873, he built a mausoleum in her name, the Fraser Mortuary Chapel in Western Cemetery, Arbroath. He moved to Rome and was elected president of the British Academy of Arts in Rome in 1873.
He died, childless, on 17 September 1890. He endowed the Patrick Allan-Fraser of Hospitalfield Trust to establish Hospitalfield House as an art college "for the assistance and encouragement of young men not having means of their own who shall be desirous of following up one or more of the professions of painting, sculpture, carving in wood, architecture and engraving."
Fraser's architectural style was described in his lecture "Architecture With Special Reference to Local Buildings", which was published in The Building Chronicle issue of May 1854 as "Amateur Criticism of Architectural Works". He put great stress on building economically and morally, notions that were expounded in his 1861 work An Unpopular View of Our Times.
- Patrick Allan Fraser in the Dictionary of Scottish Architects
- Daniels, Terry (2008). "The History of Oldbury Manor". The Local History Societies of Langley, Oldbury and Warley. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- "Royal Scottish Academy (RSA)-Hospitalfield Artist-in-Residence Programme". Visiting Arts Cultural Profiles Project. 8 May 2007. Retrieved 23 January 2011.