Patrick Chamoiseau

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Patrick Chamoiseau
Patrick Chamoiseau (Strasbourg, June 2009)
Patrick Chamoiseau (Strasbourg, June 2009)
Born (1953-12-03) 3 December 1953 (age 65)
Fort-de-France (Martinique)
GenreNovels, essays, tales, film scripts
Notable awardsPrix Goncourt (1992)

Patrick Chamoiseau (born 3 December 1953) is a French author from Martinique known for his work in the créolité movement.


Chamoiseau was born on 3 December 1953 in Fort-de-France, Martinique, where he currently resides. After he studied law in Paris he returned to Martinique inspired by Édouard Glissant to take a close interest in Creole culture. Chamoiseau is the author of a historical work on the Antilles under the reign of Napoléon Bonaparte and several non-fiction books which include Éloge de la créolité (In Praise of Creoleness), co-authored with Jean Bernabé and Raphaël Confiant. Awarded the Prix Carbet (1990) for Antan d’enfance.[1] His novel Texaco was awarded the Prix Goncourt in 1992, and was chosen as a New York Times Notable Book of the Year. It has been described as "a masterpiece, the work of a genius, a novel that deserves to be known as much as Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth and Cesaire’s Return to My Native Land".[2]

In 1998, Chamoiseau was honoured with a Prince Claus Award for his contribution to Caribbean society.

Chamoiseau may also safely be considered as one of the most innovative writers to hit the French literary scene since Louis-Ferdinand Céline. His freeform use of French language — a highly complex yet fluid mixture of constant invention and "creolism" — fuels a poignant and sensuous depiction of Martinique people in particular and humanity at large.



  • Chronique des sept misères (1986)
  • Solibo magnifique (1988) -- See Translation by Rose Réjouis and Val Vinokur. "Solibo Magnificent" (Random House, 1997)
  • Antan d'enfance (1990).
  • Texaco (1992) -- See Translation by Rose Réjouis and Val Vinokur. Texaco (Random House, 1997)
  • Chemin d'école (1994). Published in English under the title School Days
  • L'Esclave vieil homme et le molosse(1997)
  • Émerveilles (1998)
  • Biblique des derniers gestes (2002)
  • À Bout d'enfance (2005)
  • Un dimanche au cachot (2008), Prix RFO du livre
  • Les Neuf Consciences du malfini (2009)
  • L'empreinte à Crusoé (2012)

Antan d'enfance, Chemin d'école and À Bout d'enfance form the autobiographical trilogy Une enfance Créole.



  • L'Exil du roi Behanzin (1994)
  • Le Passage du Milieu (2000)
  • Biguine (2004)
  • Nord Plage (2004)
  • Aliker (2007)


  • "Monsieur Coutcha", under the name "Abel", with Tony DELSHAM (one of the first caribbean cartoons, published during the 1970).
  • Encyclomerveille d'un tueur 1. L'Orphelin de Cocoyer Grands-Bois (2009)[3]

Children's literature[edit]

  • Emerveilles (1998)


  • "Éloge de la créolité" (with Jean Bernabé et Raphaël Confiant) (1989)
  • "Lettres créoles. Tracées antillaises et continentales de la littérature" (with Raphaël Confiant) (1991)
  • "Martinique" (with V. Renaudeau) (1994)
  • "Guyane: Traces-Mémoires du bagne" (1994)
  • "Ecrire en pays dominé" (1997)
  • "Elmire des sept bonheurs: confidences d'un vieux travailleur de la distillerie Saint-Etienne" (1998)

Further reading[edit]

  • Wendy Knepper, Patrick Chamoiseau: A Critical Introduction (2012): [1]
  • Rose Réjouis, "Object Lessons: Metaphors of Agency in Walter Benjamin's "The Task of the Translator" and Patrick Chamoiseau's SOLIBO MAGNIFIQUE" (See


  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Refuge for the wretched, by PERCY ZVOMUYA, Mail & Guardian, 24 August 2012.
  3. ^ "Encyclomerveille d'un tueur 1. L'Orphelin de Cocoyer Grands-Bois" at Delcourt.

External links[edit]