Patrick Dollan

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Patrick Dollan

Sir Patrick Joseph Dollan (3 April 1885 – 30 January 1963)[1] and his wife, Agnes, Lady Dollan (née Moir; 16 August 1887 –16 July 1966)[2] were Glasgow activists in the Scottish Independent Labour Party. During the First World War they campaigned against the Munitions of War Act of 1915 which suspended trade unionists' rights for the duration of hostilities.

Early years[edit]

Born in Baillieston, Lanarkshire on 3 April 1885[3] of Irish descent and raised Roman Catholic, Dollan attended St Bridget's elementary school until he was ten years old. He later joined his father working as a miner at Clydeside Colliery in 1900. He married Agnes Moir, a Protestant, in 1912. She was a staunch pacifist and suffragette during World War I.[2]

Activism[edit]

Patrick and Agnes Dollan were vocal in raising awareness of the plight of thousands of Glasgow tenants who were having their rents raised at a time when military conscription had reduced their earning potential. Government concern at the volatile situation in the city led to the Rent Restrictions Act of November 1915, freezing rents at pre-war levels. In the 1920s he was the author of a booklet, The Clyde Rent War!, a narrative of the Glasgow rent strikes of 1915-16, which also contained proposals for housing policy reform.

Dollan was the chairman of the Scottish section of the Independent Labour Party from 1920 until 1932, when he was expelled and formed his own Scottish Socialist Party, which immediately affiliated to the Labour Party.[4]

In 1939 he won the inaugural St Mungo Prize, which is awarded triannually to the person deemed to have done the most to promote and improve the city of Glasgow in the previous three years. At the beginning of World War II, Dollan encouraged his fellow Glaswegians to support the war effort against fascism, for which efforts he was knighted in 1941.[1][5]

Miscellanea[edit]

He served as Lord Provost of Glasgow from 1938-41. The Dollan Baths in East Kilbride, Scotland's first Olympic-sized swimming pool, is named in his honour.

Dollan died in the Victoria Infirmary, Glasgow, on 30 January 1963. He was buried in Dalbeth cemetery on 1 February.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sir Patrick Dollan". The Times. London, England, UK. 31 January 1963. p. 16. 
  2. ^ a b "Lady Dollan". The Times. London, England, UK. 18 July 1963. p. 12. 
  3. ^ Gallagher, Tom (23 November 1985). "Left man in the right place". The Glasgow Herald. p. 9. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  4. ^ James Jupp, The Radical Left in Britain: 1931-1941, p. 47
  5. ^ Sir Patrick Dollan profile, theglasgowstory.com; accessed 24 September 2015.
Civic offices
Preceded by
John Stewart
Lord Provost of Glasgow
1938 – 1941
Succeeded by
John McLaren Biggar
Party political offices
Preceded by
Manny Shinwell
Scottish representative on the National Administrative Council of the Independent Labour Party
1923–1932
Succeeded by
John McGovern