Patrick James Smyth

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Patrick James Smyth (c. 1823 – 1885) also known as Nicaragua Smyth, was an Irish politician and journalist.[1]


He was educated at Clongowes Wood College where he became friends with Thomas Francis Meagher, with whom he joined the Repeal Association in 1844. Following his involvement in the Young Irelander Rebellion of 1848, Smyth fled to America where he worked as a journalist[1] and became involved in the New York Irish Directory. There he was persuaded to go to Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) in 1853 to facilitate the escape to America of John Mitchel, the Irish activist.[1] Whilst there he married a local girl Jeannie Regan. Smyth was nicknamed Nicaragua by Mitchel on account of the former's support for railway projects in that country.[2]

On his return to Ireland Smyth was elected a Home Rule Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Westmeath at a by-election on 17 June 1871,[3] and was reelected in 1874.[4] At the 1880 general election, he did not seek re-election in Westmeath, but stood instead in Tipperary, where he was elected unopposed.[5] He left the House of Commons at the end of 1884, when he was appointed as Secretary to the Irish Loan Fund Board.[6]

In 1871 he was made chevalier of the Légion d'honneur.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d D. J. O'Donoghue, ‘Smyth, Patrick James (c.1823–1885)’, rev. Brigitte Anton, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 11 April 2008
  2. ^ "Young Irelanders". Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ Brian M. Walker, ed. (1978). Parliamentary election results in Ireland 1801–1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. p. 114. ISBN 0-901714-12-7. 
  4. ^ Walker, op. cit., page 119
  5. ^ Walker, op. cit., page 126
  6. ^ Walker, op. cit., page 129


Books by Young Irelanders (Irish Confederation)[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Pollard-Urquhart
Algernon Greville
Member of Parliament for Westmeath
1871 – 1880
With: Algernon Greville 1871–1874
Lord Robert Montagu 1874–1880
Succeeded by
Timothy Daniel Sullivan
Henry Joseph Gill
Preceded by
Stephen Moore
Edmund Dwyer Gray
Member of Parliament for Tipperary
1880 – January 1885
With: John Dillon to 1883
Thomas Mayne from 1883
Succeeded by
John O'Connor
Thomas Mayne