Patrick Kelly (Irish politician)
|Patrick Michael Kelly|
10 August 1875|
Clonina, near Cree,
County Clare, Ireland
|Died||20 November 1934
Clonina, County Clare, Ireland
|Political party||Cumann na nGaedheal|
|Spouse(s)||Bridget Mary Kelly|
|Residence||Clooneenagh Townland, Kilmacduane Parish,
County Clare, Ireland
|Alma mater||University College Cork|
|Profession||Farmer, Soldier and Politician|
Patrick Michael Kelly (10 August 1875 – 20 November 1934) was an Irish soldier, farmer and politician. He was a member of the Irish Free State Oireachtas (legislature) as a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Clare constituency from 1927 to 1932.
He was the eldest son of Tom Bán Kelly and Bridget Davoren and the grandson of the successful landowner, Pat Mór Kelly, and Bridget Gibson from Fortview in County Clare. As a soldier he was a member of the Household Cavalry, with whom he distinguished himself with honours in the Boer War. After the war he returned to County Clare to take over the farm at Clonina and eventually to enter political life. Kelly was known as a leader during Ireland's struggle for independence from Britain in the early 20th century.
He was privately educated at home until 1889, when at the age of 14 he was sent to the Jesuit Mungret College in Limerick where he stayed until 1891. He then became a medical student at University College Cork, but clearly retained a bent for adventure. In 1893, at the age of 18, he joined the British Army to fight in the Boer War in South Africa. His cousin, General Sir Thomas Kelly-Kenny, appointed him to the 1st Regiment of Life Guards for the campaign during the Second Boer War of 1899–1901. The size of South Africa meant that cavalry became an invaluable tool for the generals of both sides. Kelly's cavalry unit was very effective and helped win one of their most significant victories of the Boer War at Paardeberg. He had a very successful career in the First Lifeguards and he was Mentioned in Despatches, receiving the Queen's South Africa Medal with six clasps, for his efforts in the Relief of Kimberley and the battles of Paardeberg, Wittebergen, Driefontein, Diamond Hill and Johannesburg.
In the 1920s he turned his attention to politics becoming a member of the Cumann na nGaedheal party. He was an unsuccessful candidate at the 1923 general election. At the June 1927 general election, Cumann na nGaedheal performed poorly, winning just 47 seats of the 153 seats. However, Kelly was elected to the 5th Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas of the Irish Free State. Kelly, along with Éamon de Valera, was elected for the Clare constituency. Kelly served until September of that year, as the 5th Dáil is the shortest Dáil in the history of the state, lasting only 98 days. Following victory in two by-elections, the President of the Executive Council, W. T. Cosgrave called a snap election in September 1927. Cumann na nGaedheal regained most of the ground lost in June, winning 62 seats and 39% of the vote. In the September election for the 6th Dáil which was held on 11 October 1927 Kelly was re-elected. Kelly received 5,647 votes, and de Valera received 13,903 votes and both were elected, based on the proportional representation system of the Irish Oireachtas. He lost his seat at the 1932 general election.
His friend Paddy J. Egan of Tullamore, wrote the following glowing appreciation of him in the Mungret Annual in 1935:
"I remember Pat Kelly very well at Mungret. He was one of the personalities amongst the Lay Boys of the College about 1890. A bright, breezy, and always cheerful lad, very original and liked by all of us, he was one of the few chaps the mention of whose name provoked smiles of affection in all directions. I would not describe him as a worshipper at the shrine of discipline; in fact, I know that he held somewhat elastic views when he came to interpret rules and regulations. Apart from his likeable disposition, this certainly did contribute something to his popularity. Most of us did not have either his initiative or courage in this respect... I gather that he was personally as popular in the Dáil as he was in Mungret years ago. It was with a keen sense of regret that I heard of his death".
- "Patrick Michael Kelly". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 February 2009.
- "Mr. Patrick Michael Kelly". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- 23 June 1927 issue of Dáil Éireann, which documents Parliamentary debates, listed the following Deputies returned to serve in the Dáil representing the Clare Constituency: Patrick Kelly (Cumann na nGaedheal), Éamon de Valera (Fianna Fáil), Thomas Falvey (Farmers' Party), Patrick Houlihan (Fianna Fáil) and Patrick Hogan (Labour Party).