Magruder was born on his family’s estate, Locust Grove, near Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland. Magruder attended Princeton College and became a lawyer. In 1805, he was elected to the Ninth United States Congress from the third district of Maryland. After the death of John J. Beckley, President Jefferson appointed Magruder to the dual post of Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Librarian of Congress. (The posts were not separated until 1815.) During the War of 1812, the British burned Washington D.C., including the Library of Congress, which was then housed in the US Capitol Building. After an investigation by Congress into the destruction of the Library and the use of Library funds, Magruder resigned. He was buried on his family’s ancestral estate, Sweden, near Petersburg in Dinwiddie County, Virginia.
- Date of birth unknown, according to Dictionary of American Library Biography.
- Dictionary of American Library Biography. (1978). Bohdan Wynar, ed. "Magruder, Patrick (1768-1819)." Littleton, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited. p. 337-339. ISBN 0-87287-180-0
- United States Congress. "Patrick Magruder (id: M000057)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- John Y. Cole (30 March 2006). "Jefferson's Legacy: A Brief History of the Library of Congress -- Librarians of Congress". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 3rd congressional district
March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1807
Philip B. Key
John J. Beckley
|Librarian of Congress
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