Patrick Magruder

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Patrick Magruder
Patrick Magruder.tif
Born1768 Edit this on Wikidata
Montgomery County Edit this on Wikidata
Died24 December 1819 Edit this on Wikidata
Petersburg Edit this on Wikidata
Alma mater
OccupationLibrarian edit this on wikidata

Patrick Magruder (1768 – 24 December 1819[1]) was the second Librarian of the United States Congress, serving from 1807 to 1815.


Magruder was born on his family's estate, Locust Grove, near Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland.[2] Magruder attended Princeton College and became a lawyer.[2] In 1805, he was elected to the Ninth United States Congress from the third district of Maryland. After the death of John J. Beckley, President Jefferson appointed Magruder to the dual post of Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Librarian of Congress.[3] The posts were not separated until 1815.[3] During the War of 1812, the British burned Washington D.C., including the Library of Congress, which was then housed in the US Capitol Building. After an investigation by Congress into the destruction of the Library and the use of Library funds, Magruder resigned. He died and was buried on his family's ancestral estate, Sweden, near Petersburg in Dinwiddie County, Virginia.[3]


  1. ^ Dictionary of American Library Biography. (1978). Bohdan Wynar, ed. "Magruder, Patrick (1768-1819)." Littleton, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited. pp. 337–339. ISBN 0-87287-180-0
  2. ^ a b "Magruder, Patrick, (1768 - 1819)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. M000057. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Patrick Magruder (1768-1819)". Library of Congress. Retrieved 14 April 2018.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Thomas Plater
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 3rd congressional district

March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1807
Succeeded by
Philip B. Key
Cultural offices
Preceded by
John J. Beckley
Librarian of Congress
Succeeded by
George Watterston