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|Education||Villa Arson, Nice|
|Known for||Conceptual art, installation art, painting, sculpture|
Patrick Moya (born 1955 in Troyes, France), is a Southern French artist, living in Nice on the French Riviera. He is a part of the artistic movement "Ecole de Nice". Moya has been at the forefront since the 1970s of straddling the latest forms of media and technology to benefit art rather than rendering it extinct. He is an early pioneer of video art.
Early life and career
Moya arrived in Nice at the age of fifteen. He studied Fine Arts at the Villa Arson for three years. Inspired by the theory of Marshall McLuhan, he invented a "TV show" called Bonzour Bonzour where he is a "TV artist" (the message is the medium, the medium is the artist, I am the medium). It was his first experimentation in "video art".
For ten years, he is hired like a "nude model" for the art students. In the 80's, he begin working with the letters of his name, MOYA, saying that «the art is the signature».
This spawned the practice of using the letters of his name in his art which he has put on as many surfaces as possible, often in the background of his paintings or in sculpture, in a celebratory way which has become his trademark. Being a model meanwhile taught him to objectify himself so he could later insert himself as the medium in his own work after realizing that "with the ubiquity of broadcast media, the creator had to invent himself as a creature" to ride out and embrace New Media.
in 1996, he invented an alter ego, "moya", a self-portrait inspired by Pinocchio, in order to "become part of his art work". His personal universe emerges gradually, a bestiary almost human standing in front of the spectator.
In 1999 appears a character named "Dolly", a little sheep inspired by the famous cloned sheep (Dolly).Today, Dolly is a central figure of the "Moya Land".
In June 2007, was inaugurated by Christian Estrosi (then Minister for Overseas), interior fresco of a chapel in the village of Clans : this painting, made from self-portraits of the artist, tells the story of St John the Baptist.
Since 1985, he began making digital using a Thomson MO5. He also used celluloid as medium on which to scratch his name and play it back as film art/art film. He never stop to use computer in his art, making 3D images, then 3D videos, until 2007, where he discover the "Second Life" environment : there, he built his Moya Land and by extension, has spread the Moya label to the virtual frontier. In his subversive global art work, he regularly includes live and interactive performances between him and the public, using the virtual environment and has done collaborations with Thierry Mugler.
In 2009, he participates to the first major exhibition about "Art in Second Life", under the title "Rinascimento Virtuale ». It was in the museum of Anthropology of Florence, the City of the Renaissance, where an entire room was devoted to the "Moya civilization".
In summer 2011, the Moya Universe is arrived to maturity, as demonstrated by the big mural-installation of 90 meters long, a fresco who told the story of Moya civilization, on the walls of the art center La Malmaison, in Cannes. This exhibition, built also in SL, allowed to visitors to meet the artist from a distance, to ask questions and to visit with him his virtual Moya Land.
In May 2015, a new biography is published, "Le cas Moya" (« Moya case »), who proved the coherence of his work : Moya write his name (1979/1989) - Moya tags anonymous images with his name (1990 /1996) - Little "moya" appears alone in his work (1996 /1999) - Moya create his 2D universe (1999 /2007) - Moya Master of his 3D universe (2007/2015). The dream of Moya is coming true : "to be Tintin rather Hergé, The Joconde rather Leonardo da Vinci … To be a Creature living in his art work, living a second life of a Creature playing to be an Artist".
Moya is a prolific artist touching on everything from art films, billboard art, ceramics, computer, conceptual art, drawings, fashion art, muralism, painting, projection art, sculpture and video art - up to now. His body of work has been inventoried in a catalogue raisonné that comprises over 4500 pieces in the span of 40 years between 1971 and 2011. His work has been plastered on the city of Cannes's public transport system's mini-buses, on cars (Porsche, Fiat 500, Deux-chevaux, Smart, Gordini…), on cows from "Cow Parades" and cowbells, on designer clothes and promotional USB cards issued by Cannes's Hotel Martinez, as well as France's famous Guide Michelin. He has also designed dolls for UNICEF. Moya is one of the very few modern artists to be commissioned to paint a Catholic church, dedicated to Saint Jean Baptiste in Clans.
Moya become a digital artist since his early work on computer in the mid-80s : now, since 2007, he is the owner of a virtual Moya Land in the 3D web of Second Life.
Today, Moya is living between real and virtual Worlds, and, with the name of "Moya Janus" (the name of his avatar), he answers to journalist (Radio Canada, 2013), to students (school of Fine Arts of Venice, Quebec, Zurich or Milan ...), participates or organize many exhibitions, real or virtual, reproduces Art Fairs or Museums (Palais de Tokyo in Paris, Ceramics Museum in Vallauris …), works with a chief (Christian Sinicropi of Restaurant "La Palme d'Or" in Cannes) ... Or receive visitors worldwide and makes for them a guiding tour in a virtual car !
Some personal exhibitions
- 1987 : « Les Caprices de Moya », Galerie municipale des Ponchettes, Nice, France
- 1995 : « The sculpture exhibition of Moya », Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Art, Taiwan
- 1996 : « MOYA-MOYA », MAMAC, Nice, France
- 2003 : « L'Arsenal de Moya », Rétrospective, L'Arsenal, Metz, France
- 2006 : « L'Arche de Moya », Toit de la Grande Arche de La Défense, Paris, France
- 2011 : « La Civilisation Moya », Centre d'art La Malmaison, Cannes, France
- 2013 : "Moya in the classics", Radium art Center, Busan, South Korea
- 2013 : « L'Universo Moya a Dronero », Teatro Iris, Dronero, Italy
- 2015 : "Moya en abondance", Collégiale St Pierre-la-Cour, Le Mans, France
- 2015 : « Moya Circus », Museo d'Arte Contemporanea (MAC 3), Caserta, Italy
- 2015 : "Moya", Miller White Fine Arts, Cape Cod, USA
- 2016 : « Il laboratoire delle metamorfosi », Cantina, Palazzo ducale, Mantoux, Italy
Moya's maxim has been "to please everybody while remaining avant-garde; to be everywhere without wasting oneself; to touch each medium while staying perfectly recognizable". He credits his time as a nude model for his healthy degree of exhibitionism and narcissism that gets duplicated as his cartoon alter ego. The result is art that crosses generations and genders. His work is often described as positive and jubilant.
- "plaire à tout le monde tout en restant d'avant-garde, être partout sans se galvauder, toucher à tous les médias tout en restant parfaitement reconnaissable" - "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2011-11-07.