Patrick Racing

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Gordon Johncock driving for Patrick Racing at Pocono in the familiar red and blue STP colors.

Patrick Racing was an auto racing team in both Champ Car and the Indy Racing League.[1] Patrick Racing was started by Pat Patrick in the 1970s. The team is best known for winning the Indianapolis 500 on three occasions (1973, 1982, 1989), and the Indy car title twice (1976, 1989).

The team fielded its own cars from 1975 to 1983 under the name Wildcat.

Over its history, the team has had three distinct manifestations.

Team statistics[edit]

Indy car champions[edit]

Year Champion Wins Chassis Engine Tyres
1976 United States Gordon Johncock 2 Wildcat Mk 1
Wildcat Mk 2
DSG Goodyear
1989 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 5 Penske PC-17
Penske PC-18
Chevrolet A Goodyear

Indianapolis 500 victories[edit]

Year Champion Chassis Engine Tyres
1973 United States Gordon Johncock Eagle 72 Offenhauser Goodyear
1982 United States Gordon Johncock (2) Wildcat Mk.VIIIB Cosworth DFX Goodyear
1989 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Penske PC-18 Chevrolet A Goodyear

History[edit]

Alfa Romeo Indycar engine

First stint[edit]

Pat Patrick started his Indy Car racing career as a sponsor of the team fielded by fellow Jackson oilman Walt Michner in 1967. He became a co-owner of the team in 1970 and established Patrick Racing.

The team won the 1973 and 1982 Indianapolis 500 with driver Gordon Johncock. Johncock also won the 1976 USAC National Championship. The team was closely associated with STP sponsorship.

In the mid-1980s, the team expanded to two cars, featuring drivers Emerson Fittipaldi and Kevin Cogan. The team parted ways with STP, and 7-Eleven became their primary sponsor for 1985. In 1986, Marlboro joined the team. Cogan won his first and only race of his career in 1986 at Phoenix. Fittipaldi won his first CART race, the Michigan 500, in 1985. Cogan finished a heartbreaking second place in the 1986 Indianapolis 500, after being passed with just over two laps to go.

For 1987, the team secured the use of the new Ilmor Chevy Indy V-8 engine. Fittipaldi won two races, and finished 10th in points. After dropping back down to a one-car effort, Fittipaldi won two more races in 1988, finished 2nd at Indy, and improved to 7th in points.

1989-1990 "trade" deal[edit]

In 1989, Chip Ganassi joined Patrick as co-owner for Fittipaldi's #20 Marlboro entry. Patrick was preparing to retire from the sport, and began putting the pieces in place to sell the team at season's end. Patrick struck a lucrative deal with Ganassi, Penske Racing, and Phillip Morris. Penske would supply Patrick with two PC-18 chassis for the 1989 season for Fittipaldi to drive. In return, Penske would take driver Fittipaldi and sponsor Marlboro starting with the 1990 season. Furthermore, Penske would receive interim Marlboro sponsorship to field a third car (Al Unser, Sr.) at the three 500-mile races in 1989 (Indy 500, Michigan 500, Pocono 500).

For 1990, Chip Ganassi would take over the assets of Patrick Racing (including the two coveted PC-18 chassis, as well as the important Ilmor Chevrolet engine lease), which he would use to start his own team.

The Patrick team experienced dominating success in the 1989 CART season. After winning the 1989 Indianapolis 500 and the 1989 CART championship, at some point Pat Patrick changed his mind about retiring. With the wheels already in motion to dissolve his existing team, he decided to explore options, and was coaxed out of retirement for 1990.

Second stint[edit]

As planned, Ganassi split off to form his own team in 1990 (Chip Ganassi Racing). Pat Patrick took over the upstart Alfa Romeo Indycar project previously run by Alex Morales Motorsports. Roberto Guerrero signed on as primary driver with Al Unser, Sr. driving a second car at the Indy 500 and the Michigan 500.

The new Patrick Racing team landed sponsorship from Miller. It was effectively another "trade" between Penske and Patrick, as Miller (previously with Penske) and Marlboro (now over at Penske) were owned by the same parent company, Phillip Morris. The services of Al Unser, Sr. were also effectively a trade between the two outfits.

The team saw little on-track success, and even less success in the engine development. Unser, in fact, had to sit out the Michigan 500 after he wrecked in practice, suffering a broken leg. Unser then quit the team.

For 1991, Danny Sullivan took over as primary driver (also another former Penske driver), and the team continued to fail miserably. By the end of the 1991 CART season, Patrick was in financial and legal trouble. As the team was collapsing, rumors surfaced that the Patrick team had shipped one of the Ilmor Chevrolet V-8 engines over to the Alfa-Romeo engine developers in Italy,[2][3] who in turn, tore the engine down to examine it and allegedly stole design ideas. It was returned in pieces and infuriated Ilmor officials.

At the conclusion of the 1991 season, Danny Sullivan left the team, and was replaced by Bobby Rahal.[4] Sullivan went to Rahal's old seat at Galles-Kraco Racing.[5] Patrick's contractual obligations with Alfa-Romeo had ended, so the team attempted to resign with Ilmor, or possibly acquire older Ilmor engines from Newman/Haas.[2][6] Due to the possible fraudulent actions by Patrick against Ilmor, the team was refused an Ilmor Chevrolet engine lease, despite inking the popular Rahal.[7][8] Facing a decidedly uncompetitive powerplant situation for 1992, and escalating legal problems, in December 1991, Patrick sold the team outright to Bobby Rahal and his partner Carl Hogan. They formed Rahal-Hogan Racing, which is now known as Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing.

Third stint[edit]

In the mid-1990s, Patrick began to rebuild his team from scratch. In 1994, Patrick formed a testing team for Firestone tires, and spearheaded Firestone's return to Indycar racing for 1995. They did not enter any races in 1994, and instead tested all year. Scott Pruett signed on as the driver, and won the 1995 Marlboro 500.

In the next few years, Patrick experienced moderate success in CART.

Due to money issues and the constant uncertainty of racing in Champ Car, Patrick Racing jumped over the IRL in 2004. They ran Al Unser, Jr. until his mid-season retirement and then Jeff Simmons, Jaques Lazier, and Tomáš Enge. With no sponsorship for 2005, the team ceased operations and the assets were put up for sale.

CART drivers[edit]

IRL drivers[edit]

All IRL drivers drove in 2004 only.

Racing results[edit]

Complete CART Series results[edit]

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position) (results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Drivers No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Pts Pos Pos
1979 PHX ATL INDY TRT MCH WGL TRT ONT MCH ATL PHX
Penske PC-6 Cosworth DFX V8t United States Gordon Johncock 20 1 4 9 3 5 1 4 3 16 15 13 2 4 3rd 2,211
3 6
United States Wally Dallenbach 6 27 9th 1,149
40 4 2 5 10 4 24 6 4 12
Wildcat Mk.V 7 11 8 14
Penske PC-6 United States Roger Mears 60 13 NC
United States Steve Krisiloff 6 19th 279
1980 ONT INDY MIL POC MDO MCH WGL MIL ONT MCH MXC PHX
Wildcat Mk.VI Cosworth DFX V8t United States Gordon Johncock 20 3 6th 1,572
Penske PC-6 4 5
Phoenix 80 3 DNQ 2 21 23 23 24 19 24
Penske PC-6 United States Tom Bagley 40 5 11th 794
Wildcat Mk.VI 28 29 8 15 8
Phoenix 80 23 DNS 6 4 18 16
Penske PC-6 United States Gordon Smiley 60 6 33rd 176
Phoenix 80 70 25
1981 PHX MIL ATL MCH RIV MIL MCH WGL MXC PHX
Wildcat Mk.VIII Cosworth DFX V8t United States Gordon Johncock 20 6 16 4 4 36 2 6 5 10 3 3 4th 142
United States Mario Andretti 40 11 3 3 2 2* 16* 4 11th 81
United States Steve Krisiloff 17 7 25th 18
1982 PHX ATL MIL CLE MCH MIL POC RIV ROA MCH PHX
Wildcat Mk.VIIIB Cosworth DFX V8t United States Gordon Johncock 20 5 2 1* 5 1 11 6 26 22 15 23 4th 186
United States Mario Andretti 40 2 11 9 2 2 3 14 23 14 2 3 3rd 188
1983 ATL INDY MIL CLE MCH ROA POC RIV MDO MCH CPL LAG PHX
Wildcat Mk.IX Cosworth DFX V8t United States Gordon Johncock 20 1 14 16th 20
March 83C 23 26 26
Wildcat Mk.IX United States Chip Ganassi 21 9th 56
Wildcat Mk.IXB 6 3 3 5
Wildcat Mk.IX 60 8 13 8 26 25
United States Danny Ongais 12 20th 14
March 83C 20 24 10 5
40 28 23 18
Wildcat Mk.IX United States Johnny Rutherford 18 DNQ 46th 0
Wildcat Mk.IXB 21 DNP 23 24 20
1984 LBH PHX INDY MIL POR MEA CLE MCH ROA POC MDO SAN MCH PHX LAG CPL
Wildcat Mk.X Cosworth DFX V8t United States Gordon Johncock 20 11 14th 39
March 84C 10 25 6 9 12 18 4 9 11 10 17 DNQ 13 DNS
Wildcat Mk.X United States Chip Ganassi 40 25 11 11 20th 24
March 84C 28 15 9 2 27
United States John Paul Jr. 6 17th 28
United States Pancho Carter 7 21st 22
Italy Bruno Giacomelli 8 32nd 5
Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 4 18 12 13 15th 30
1985 LBH INDY MIL POR MEA CLE MCH ROA POC MDO SAN MCH LAG PHX MIA
March 85C Cosworth DFX V8t Italy Bruno Giacomelli 20 18 10 5 10 22 6 16 6 14 19th 32
United States Gordon Johncock Wth NC
United States Don Whittington, Jr. 24 DNQ 20 24 50th 0
United States Sammy Swindell 23 25 53rd 0
Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 40 2 13 8 3 2 8 1 5 6 8 25 13 24 8 26 6th 104
United States Rich Vogler 60 23 54th 0
1986 PHX LBH INDY MIL POR MEA CLE TOR MCH POC MDO SAN MCH ROA LAG PHX MIA
March 86C Cosworth DFX V8t United States Kevin Cogan 7 1 17 2 12 14 21 23 5 22 2 4 4 4 20 9 14 4 6th 115
Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 20 3 16 7 24 12 2 13 17 20 19 21 3 3 1 7 5 20 7th 103
1987 LBH PHX INDY MIL POR MEA CLE TOR MCH POC ROA MDO NAZ LAG MIA
March 86C Buick 3300 V6t United States Gordon Johncock 2 22 46th 0
United Kingdom Jim Crawford Inj NC
March 87C Chevrolet 265A V8t United States Kevin Cogan 7 18 21 31 18 12 21 13 27 9 19 5 5 18 21 16th 25
Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 20 19 18 16 7 14 3 1 1* 7 18 18 6 21 20 10 10th 78
1988 PHX LBH INDY MIL POR CLE TOR MEA MCH POC MDO ROA NAZ LAG MIA
March 88C Chevrolet 265A V8t Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 20 21 16 2 3 3 7th 105
Lola T88/00 19 4 19
Lola T87/00 14* 21 1* 1* 8 16 20
1989 PHX LBH INDY MIL DET POR CLE MEA TOR MCH POC MDO ROA NAZ LAG
Penske PC-17 Chevrolet 265A V8t Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 20 5 3 1st 196
Penske PC-18 1* 16 1 1* 1* 2 2 14 19 4 5 1* 5
1990 PHX LBH INDY MIL DET POR CLE MEA TOR MCH DEN VAN MDO ROA NAZ LAG
March 90CA Alfa Romeo Indy V8t Colombia Roberto Guerrero 20 16 14 23 18 21 8 19 15 16th 24
Lola T90/00 5 17 24 26 8 9 18
United States Al Unser 40 DNS 35th 0
March 90CA 13
1991 SFR LBH PHX INDY MIL DET POR CLE MEA TOR MCH DEN VAN MDO ROA NAZ LAG
Lola T91/00 Alfa Romeo Indy V8t United States Danny Sullivan 20 4 11 7 10 5 10 21 9 6 14 18 18 9 17 16 20 9 11th 56
Colombia Roberto Guerrero 40 30 37th 0
1995 MIA SFR PHX LBH NAZ INDY MIL DET POR ROA TOR CLE MCH MDO NHA VAN LAG
Lola T95/00 Ford XB V8t United States Scott Pruett 20 4 3 9 2 8 19 12 3 13 7 25 16 1 11 24 6 5 7th 112
1996 MIA RIO SFR LBH NAZ 500 MIL DET POR CLE TOR MCH MDO ROA VAN LAG
Lola T96/00 Ford XD V8t United States Scott Pruett 20 4 3 2 11 8 26 12 10 23 8 10 13 21 7 20 3 10th 82
1997 MIA SFR LBH NAZ RIO GAT MIL DET POR CLE TOR MCH MDO ROA VAN LAG FON
Reynard 97i Ford XD V8t United States Scott Pruett 20 5 1 3 10 3 19 9 24 17 8 5 14 9 5 18 16 7 9th 102
Brazil Raul Boesel 40 17 7 8 8 5 14 4 6 3 16 8 18 4 21 6 8 20 10th 91
1998 MIA MOT LBH NAZ RIO GAT MIL DET POR CLE TOR MCH MDO ROA VAN LAG HOU SFR FON
Reynard 98i Ford XD V8t United States Scott Pruett 20 5 21 18 5 9 2 4 2 6th 121
Reynard 97i 12 22 10 4 6 20 3 18 11 4 20
Mexico Adrián Fernández 40 4 3 2 24 23 15 4th 154
Reynard 98i 6 1* 26 18 9 5 9 1 5 7 6 6 4
1999 MIA MOT LBH NAZ RIO GAT MIL POR CLE ROA TOR MCH DET MDO CHI VAN LAG HOU SRF FON
Swift 010.c Ford XD V8t Denmark Jan Magnussen 20 18 24th 8
Reynard 97i/98i/99i1 14 24 7 17 13 11
United States P. J. Jones 13 15 12 17th 38
Swift 010.c 40 12 2 7 8 20 21 15 17 10 16
Reynard 97i/98i/911 15 7 21
Mexico Adrián Fernández 20 1* 5 20 21 5 4 19 3 6 6 DNS 5 12 3 1 6th 140
Swift 010.c 4
2000 MIA LBH RIO MOT NAZ MIL DET POR CLE TOR MCH CHI MDO ROA VAN LAG GAT HOU SRF FON
Reynard 2Ki Ford XF V8t Brazil Roberto Moreno 20 2 9 6 3 14 5 17 2 1* 13 23 6 11 4 10 25 3 11 19 2 3rd 147
Mexico Adrián Fernández 40 21 24 1 10 5 8 21 12 7 2 6 5 6 2 3 12 10 7 1* 5 2nd 158
2001 MTY LBH TXS NAZ MOT MIL DET POR CLE TOR MCH CHI MDO ROA VAN LAU ROC HOU LAG SRF FON
Reynard 01i Toyota RV8F V8t United States Townsend Bell 19 13 12 30th 1
Brazil Roberto Moreno 20 27 11 C2 12 10 15 3 2 8 11 12 20 6 11 1 23 13 22 22 22* 19 13th 76
United States Jimmy Vasser 40 6 5 C2 4 5 21 18 16 5 26 23 14 23 21 19 15 7 11 5 6 12 12th 77
2002 MTY LBH MOT MIL LAG POR CHI TOR CLE VAN MDO ROA MTL DEN ROC MIA SFR FON MXC
Reynard 02i Toyota RV8F V8t United States Townsend Bell 20 19 15 14 13 7 4 12 15 18 20th 19
Spain Oriol Servià 14 10 16 16 11 4 17 16 5 9 16th 44
2003 STP MTY LBH BRH LAU MIL LAG POR CLE TOR VAN ROA MDO MTL DEN MIA MXC SFR
Lola B02/00 Ford XFE V8t Spain Oriol Servià 20 12 18 12 4 5 2 6 5 6 5 16 18 18 2 3 19 13 19 7th 108
  1. ^ Patrick Racing used pieces of Reynard's 97i, 98i, and 99i chassis to create their own unique setup rather than the stock 99i. This setup became known as the "Franken-chassis."
  2. ^ The Firestone Firehawk 600 was canceled after qualifying due to excessive g-forces on the drivers.

Complete IRL IndyCar Series results[edit]

(key)

Year Chassis Engine Drivers No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Pts Pos Pos
2004 HMS PHX MOT INDY TXS RIR KAN NSH MIL MCH KTY PPIR NAZ CHI FON TXS
Dallara IR-04 Chevrolet Indy V8 United States Al Unser, Jr. 20 17 11 21 25th 44
United States Jeff Simmons (R) 19 29th 26
United States Jaques Lazier 21 17 18 15 8 14 18 22nd 104
Czech Republic Tomáš Enge (R) 16 13 27th 31

References[edit]

  1. ^ " GORDON KIRBY: IndyCar in the early eighties" Speed Cafe. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
  2. ^ a b Miller, Robin (December 20, 1991). "Rahal in, Patrick out as Indy-car team owner (part 1)". The Indianapolis Star. p. 49. Retrieved September 20, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  3. ^ IndyCar Engine Woes have Deep Roots, More Front Wing, May 17, 2012, Retrieved 2013-01-18
  4. ^ "Rahal to sign with Patrick Racing". The Indianapolis Star. September 4, 1991. p. 54. Retrieved September 20, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  5. ^ "Sullivan talking to Galles-Kraco". The Indianapolis Star. September 5, 1991. p. 13. Retrieved September 20, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  6. ^ Miller, Robin (December 20, 1991). "Rahal in, Patrick out as Indy-car team owner (part 2)". The Indianapolis Star. p. 50. Retrieved September 20, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  7. ^ Miller, Robin (December 19, 1991). "Rahal buys into chance at Chevys (part 1)". The Indianapolis Star. p. 57. Retrieved September 20, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  8. ^ Miller, Robin (December 19, 1991). "Rahal buys into chance at Chevys (part 2)". The Indianapolis Star. p. 63. Retrieved September 20, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read