Patrick Young (Patricius Junius) (29 August 1584 – 7 September 1652) was a Scottish scholar and royal librarian to King James VI and I, and King Charles I. He was a noted Biblical and patristic scholar.
He was born at Seaton, Haddingtonshire, His father was Peter Young, who was tutor to James alongside George Buchanan. He was educated at the University of St. Andrews (M.A., 1603). He then became librarian and secretary to George Lloyd, the future Bishop of Chester, in 1603. He was incorporated at Oxford (1605), and, taking holy orders, became a chaplain of All Souls College.
He was then librarian successively to Prince Henry, James I, and Charles I; at the same time he undertook diplomatic correspondence. He was Latin secretary to Bishop John Williams, 1624. He became rector of Llanynys, Denbighshire, in 1623; and he was rector of Hayes, Middlesex, from 1623 to 1647.
Around 1622 he made a catalogue of manuscripts in Salisbury Cathedral. He was an eminent scholar in Greek; and he was asked to catalogue the Greek manuscripts of Giacomo Barocci, numbering around 250, that had been donated in 1629 to the Bodleian Library by their purchaser William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke.
He was responsible for the editio princeps of Clement of Rome's two “Epistles to the Corinthians” (1633 and 1637) In 1637 he published a catena of the Greek Fathers on the Book of Job, attributed to Nicetas, and in 1639 a commentary on Canticles, based on that of Gilbert Foliot.
- Concise Dictionary of National Biography
- Hugh Trevor-Roper, Archbishop Laud (second edition), p. 274.
- Magne Sæbø (editor), Hebrew Bible/Old Testament: the history of its interpretation Volume II HBOT: From the Renaissance to the Enlightenment (2008), p. 783.
- R. C. S. Trahair, From Aristotelian to Reaganomics: A Dictionary of Eponyms with Biographies in the Social Sciences (1994), p. 130.
- Nicholas Tyacke, The History of the University of Oxford: Volume IV: Seventeenth-Century Oxford (1984), p. 264.
- Hugh Trevor-Roper, Archbishop Laud (second edition), p. 275.
- Kemke, Johannes, Patricius Junius (Patrick Young) (Leipsic, 1898)
- Smith, Thomas, Smith, Thomas, Vitæ quorundam Eruditissimorum et Illustrium Virorum, (1707)
- Young, Hugh Sir Peter Young of Seaton (privately printed, 1896)
- "Young, Patrick". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Jackson, Samuel Macauley, ed. (1914). "Young, Patrick". New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls.