Patriotic Salvation Movement

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Patriotic Salvation Movement
الحركة الوطنية للإنقاذ
Mouvement patriotique du salut
Abbreviation MPS
President Idriss Déby
Secretary-General Mahamat Zen Bada
Founded March 11, 1990 (1990-03-11)
Ideology Nationalism
Slogan Mourir pour le Salut (Dying for Salvation)
Seats in the National Assembly
117 / 188

The Patriotic Salvation Movement (Arabic: الحركة الوطنية للإنقاذ‎, French: Mouvement patriotique du salut, MPS) is the ruling political party in Chad.


After Idriss Déby, an army commander who participated in an unsuccessful plot against President Hissène Habré in 1989, fled to Sudan, he and his supporters, known as the April 1 Movement, operated from Sudan with Libyan backing and carried out attacks across the border into Chad. The MPS was founded in Sudan on March 10, 1990 through the merger of the April 1 Movement with other anti-Habre groups in exile. After a successful offensive in November 1990, Déby and the MPS came to power on December 2, 1990, when their forces entered N'Djamena, the Chadian capital.[1]

Déby was the MPS candidate in the 1996 presidential election and won in a second round. He was again the MPS candidate in the presidential election of 20 May 2001, receiving 63.2% of the vote. In the parliamentary election held on 21 April 2002, the MPS won according to IPU Parline 113 out of 155 seats. In the May 2006 presidential election, Déby was re-elected with 64.7% of the vote.

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential Elections[edit]

Election date Party candidate Number of votes received Percentage of votes Number of votes received Percentage of votes Result
First Round Second Round
1996 Idriss Déby 1,016,277 43.82% 2,102,907 69.09% Elected
2001 Idriss Déby 1,533,509 63.17% - - Elected
2006 Idriss Déby 1,863,042 64.67% - - Elected
2011 Idriss Déby 2,503,813 88.66% - - Elected
2016 Idriss Déby 2,219,352 59.92% - - Elected

Parliamentary Elections[edit]

Election date Party leader Number of votes received Percentage of votes Number of votes received Percentage of votes Number of seats
First Round Second Round
1997 Unknown 504,045 40.0 262,060% 34.4%
65 / 125
2002 Nagoum Yamassoum Not released Not released - -
113 / 155
2011 Haroun Kabadi Not released Not released - -
110 / 187

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bernard Lanne, "Chad: Regime Change, Increased Insecurity, and Blockage of Further Reforms", Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. Clark and Gardinier, pages 274–275.