Patron saints of places

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This is a list of patron saints of places by nation, region, and town/city. If a place is not listed here, it may be listed in "Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary".

Continents[edit]

Patron saints by regions
Continent Patron saint Notes
Asia The Blessed Virgin Mary Mary, mother of Jesus, Joseph, Francis Xavier
Africa Moses the Black, Our Lady of Kibeho
The Americas

The Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus (as Our Lady of Guadalupe)[1][2]
Saint Rose of Lima (Santa Rosa de Lima)[3]

Antarctica The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Snows)[4]
John Bosco[5]
Europe Benedict of Nursia[6][7]
Saints Cyril and Methodius[8][9]
Bridget of Sweden[6]
Catherine of Siena[6]
Edith Stein (Teresa Benedicta of the Cross)[6]
Benedict of Nursia is the main patron saint,[10] the others are considered co-patrons.[11]
The Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus (It is believed the whole of Europe was granted protection under Our Lady of Europe in the 14th Century[12])
Oceania Peter Chanel[13]

Regions[edit]

Region Patron saint
Anatolia John the Apostle
Alsace Odile of Alsace
Australasia The Virgin Mary (as Mary Help of Christians[14])
Central Africa The Immaculate Heart of Mary[15]
Central America Peter of Saint Joseph de Betancur
Óscar Romero
North Africa (Libya, Tunisia) Cyprian[15]
Scandinavia Ansgar[6]
South America Rose of Lima[6]
West Indies Gertrude the Great
Pope Gregory I

Countries[edit]

This list only includes sovereign states; subdivisions, such as the constituent countries of the United Kingdom, are listed below under "Administrative subdivisions".

Country Patron saint
 Albania The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Good Counsel[6])
 Algeria Cyprian of Carthage[16]
 Andorra The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Meritxell)
 Angola The Immaculate Heart of Mary[6][16]
 Argentina The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Luján[6])
Francis Solanus
Blessed Laura Vicuña
Martin of Tours
 Armenia Gregory the Illuminator[6]
Bartholomew the Apostle
Jude the Apostle
Mesrop Mashtots
 Azerbaijan Elisæus of Albania

Bartholomew the Apostle

The Virgin Mary, Protector of Caucasus

John of Baku

 Australia The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady Help of Christians)[17]

Mary of the Cross MacKillop[18]

 Austria Joseph[16]
Colman of Stockerau[19]
Florian[16]
Leopold the Good
Maurice[16]
Severinus of Noricum
Vergilius of Salzburg
 Barbados Andrew[20]
 Belarus Cyril of Turov
Euphrosyne of Polotsk[21]
 Belgium Joseph[6]
 Bolivia The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Candelaria,[6] Our Lady of Copacabana,[6] and Our Lady of Mount Carmel[22])
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Elijah[23]
 Brazil The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Aparecida[6][22] and Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception[6])
Peter of Alcantara[6]
Joseph of Anchieta
 Bulgaria Cyril and Methodius
John of Rila
 Cambodia Joseph
 Canada Jean de Brébeuf
Joseph
Anne[6]
the Canadian Martyrs[1]
 Chile The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Mount Carmel)[6]
James the Greater[6]
Teresa of Los Andes
 China The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Sheshan)
Joseph[6]
Francis Xavier
 Colombia The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá)
Louis Bertrand[6]
Peter Claver[6]
Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena[6]
 Costa Rica The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Angels)
 Croatia Joseph (by the decision of the Croatian Parliament from 1687 he is the official patron saint of Croatia)
Jerome
Cyril and Methodius
 Cuba The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Charity[6])
 Cyprus Barnabas[24]
Lazarus
Marina the Martyr
 Czech Republic Adalbert of Prague
Agnes of Bohemia
John of Nepomuk
Ludmila
Cyril and Methodius
Procopius
Sigismund
Wenceslas
Vitus
 Democratic Republic of Congo The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception[25])
 Denmark Ansgar[6]
Canute IV[6]
 Dominican Republic The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Altagracia and Our Lady of Mercy[26][27][28])
Dominic[6]
 East Timor Our Lady of Fátima
 Ecuador The Sacred Heart of Jesus[6]
The Immaculate Heart of Mary[29]
Mary Anne de Paredes (Spanish: Mariana de Paredes y Flores)
Our Lady of El Cisne[30]
 Egypt Mark the Evangelist[29]
 El Salvador The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Peace[6])

The Transfigured Jesus (the Divine Savior of the World)

 England see subdivisions of United Kingdom
 Equatorial Guinea The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception[6])

The Transfiguration of Jesus (as the Divine Savior of the World)

 Ethiopia Frumentius
George[6]
 Faroe Islands Olav the Holy[31][32]
 Fiji Saint Peter (The second half of 1 Peter 2:17 was translated to Fijian and then made it into the ribbon of the country's coat of arms.)[citation needed]
 Finland Henry of Uppsala[6]
 France The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Assumption[6])
The Archangel Michael
Denis
Martin of Tours
Louis IX
Joan of Arc[6]
Remi
Thérèse de Lisieux[6]
Petronilla
Radegund
 Georgia George[6]
Nino
 Germany Adalbert of Magdeburg
Ansgar[33]
Boniface[6]
Bruno of Cologne
Peter Canisius
Kilian of Würzburg
The Archangel Michael He is the patron saint of the German People, Germany itself has no patron saint[6]
Suitbert of Kaiserswerdt
George
Maurice
 Greece The Virgin Mary (as the Panagia)
George
Andrew
Nicholas of Myra
Paul the Apostle[34]
 Greenland Hans Egede[35][36]
 Guam The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Camarin)
 Guatemala The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Rosary)
James the Greater,[34]
Peter of Saint Joseph de Betancur
 Haiti The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Perpetual Succor[34])
 Honduras The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Suyapa[34])
 Hong Kong The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception)[37]
 Hungary The Virgin Mary
Adalbert of Prague
Astricus
Emeric of Hungary (HungarianImre)
Cyril[38]
Gerard Sagredo
Stephen of Hungary[6]
Elizabeth of Hungary
 Iceland Ansgar[39]
Thorlac Thorhallsson[6]
 India The Blessed Virgin Mary (Our Lady of the Assumption)
Saint Thomas the Apostle
Francis Xavier
Rose of Lima
 Indonesia The Blessed Virgin Mary (Our Lady of Perpetual Help)
Joseph
Thomas
Thérèse de Lisieux
Francis Xavier
 Iran Maruthas
 Ireland Patrick[40]
Columba[6]
Brigid of Kildare[41]
 Israel The Archangel Michael[42]
 Italy Catherine of Siena[6]
Francis of Assisi[6]
 Jamaica The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Assumption and Our Lady of the Blue Mountains)[43]
 Japan Peter Baptist[6]
Joseph
Francis Xavier
 Jordan John the Baptist[39]
Kenya Kenya The Virgin Mary (as Mary, Queen of Love)[44]
 Korea, South The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception)
 Lebanon The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Lebanon)
Barbara
Charbel Makhlouf
 Lesotho The Immaculate Heart of Mary[6][29]
 Lithuania Casimir[45]
Cunigunde of Luxemburg[6]
John of Dukla
John of Kanty
George
Kinga of Poland
 Luxembourg Cunigunde of Luxemburg[2][6]
Willibrord[6]
 Macau The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception)
John the Baptist
Francis Xavier
Catherine of Siena
 Madagascar Francis Xavier
Vincent de Paul
 Malta The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Assumption and Our Lady of Victories)[6]
Paul the Apostle[6]
Agatha of Sicily
Publius
George (patron saint of Gozo, one of the Maltese islands)
 Mauritius Saint Louis
 Mexico The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Guadalupe[6])
Philip of Jesus
Joseph[46]
 Moldova George
 Monaco Devota[47]
 Netherlands Plechelm
Willibrord[6]
 New Caledonia The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Assumption[13])
 New Zealand The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Assumption[6])
Joseph
 Nicaragua James the Greater[13] The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception)
 Nigeria Patrick[13]
 North Macedonia Clement of Ohrid
Cyril and Methodius
 Norway Olaf II (known as Rex Perpetuus Norvegiae)[6]
Magnus of Orkney[13]
 Pakistan Francis Xavier[48]
 State of Palestine The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady, Queen of Palestine)
George
 Papua New Guinea The Archangel Michael
 Paraguay The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Caacupé[48])
Martin of Tours[6]
 Peru Rose of Lima
Turibius of Mogroveio
Joseph[6]
 Philippines The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Our Lady of Guadalupe, Mary, Help of Christians, Our Lady of Perpetual Help[6][48] and her Immaculate Heart[6])
Lorenzo Ruíz
Pedro Calungsod
Pudentiana
Rose of Lima
Sto. Niño
 Poland The Virgin Mary (as The Most Holy Virgin Mary, Queen of Poland and Our Lady of Częstochowa)[6]

Adalbert of Prague[49]
Stanislaus of Cracow[6]
Stanislaus Kostka
Andrew Bobola
Jadwiga of Poland
Casimir[45]
Hyacinth
Kinga of Poland[6]
John of Kanty
Florian
Wenceslaus
John of Dukla
Hedwig of Silesia

 Portugal The Virgin Mary ( as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception)[6]
Anthony of Padua[6]
The Guardian Angel of Portugal

George[6]
James the Greater
 Puerto Rico The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Providence)
     Adjuntas: Saint Joachim & Saint Anne[50]
     Ponce: Our Lady of Guadalupe[51]
     San Juan: John the Baptist[52]
 Romania Virgin Mary

Andrew

Stephen the Great

George

Parascheva

John of Suceava

 Russia The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady Derzhavnaya)
Alexander Nevsky
Andrew[53]
Basil the Great[54]
Casimir[54]
George
Joseph[54]
Thérèse de Lisieux[6]
Vladimir I of Kiev
 Rwanda Christ the King
 San Marino Marinus
Nicholas of Myra[6][54]
Agatha
 Serbia Sava[55][56]
 Singapore Francis Xavier
 Slovakia The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Sorrows)[6]
Cyril and Methodius
 Slovenia Joseph
Cyril and Methodius
 Solomon Islands The Archangel Michael[57]
 South Africa George
Martin of Tours[6]
 Spain The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception)[57]
James the Greater (Spanish: Santiago)
Teresa of Ávila[6]
 Sri Lanka Francis Xavier
Lawrence[6]
Joseph Vaz
Thomas the Apostle
The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Lanka and Our Lady of Madhu)
 Sudan Josephine Bakhita
 Sweden Birgitta of Sweden[58]
Eric IX[6]
Sigfrid of Sweden
  Switzerland Gall
Nicholas of Flue[59]
 Syria Barbara
 Taiwan The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception)
 Tanzania The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception[58])
 Turkey John the Apostle[60]
George
Uganda Uganda Uganda Martyrs[61]

The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Africa)[62]

 Ukraine Josaphat[63]
Andrew
Vladimir I of Kiev
 Uruguay The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of the Thirty-Three[64])
James the Less
Philip the Apostle[65]
 United States The Immaculate Conception
 Venezuela The Virgin Mary (as Our Lady of Coromoto[58])
 Vietnam Joseph
Vietnamese Martyrs

Former states[edit]

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Country Subdivision Patron saint
 Argentina  Buenos Aires Martin of Tours
 Buenos Aires Province Our Lady of the Rosary, Gervasius and Protasius, Mary Help of Christians, Rita of Cascia, Isidore the Laborer, Virgin of Mercy, Ignatius of Loyola, Pope Pontian, Black Virgin of Oropa,

Mary Magdalene, Joseph, Our Lady of Lourdes, Gabriel, Isidore the Laborer, Our Lady of the Pillar, Peter, Cecilia

 Córdoba Jerome
 Corrientes Our Lady of Itatí
 Misiones Joseph
 San Luis Louis IX of France
 Santa Fe Lawrence, Virgin of Mercy, Saint George, Saint Roch, John the Baptist, Our Lady of Itatí, Sacred Heart, Our Lady of the Rosary, Jerome
 Tucumán Isidore the Laborer
 Santa Cruz Mary (as Virgin of the Valley), Our Lady of the Rosary, Mary Help of Christians
 Chubut Our Lady of Guadalupe
La Rioja Province, Argentina La Rioja Patron Saint Nicholas of Bari, Our Lord of Good Health
 Austria
 Upper Austria Florian
 Styria Joseph
 Carinthia Joseph
 Belgium
 Hainaut Waltrude[70]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina  Republic of Srpska Stephen
 Brazil
 Acre Mary (as Our Lady of Immaculate Conception)
 Alagoas Mary (as Our Lady of Joy)
 Amapá Joseph
 Amazonas Mary (as Our Lady of Immaculate Conception)
 Bahia Mary (as Our Lady of Immaculate Conception)
 Ceará Joseph
 Distrito Federal John Bosco
 Espírito Santo Holy Spirit
 Goiás Mary ( as Our Lady of Abadia)
 Maranhão Saint Joseph (as Saint Joseph of Ribamar)
 Mato Grosso Jesus Christ (as Our Lord, the Good Jesus)
 Mato Grosso do Sul Mary, as Our Lady of the Abbey
 Minas Gerais Mary (as Our Lady of Piety), Ignatius of Loyola
 Pará Mary (as Our Lady of Nazareth)
 Paraíba Mary (as Our Lady of Snows)
 Paraná Mary (as Our Lady of Rocio)
 Pernambuco Mary (as Our Lady of Mount Carmel)
 Piauí Mary (as Our Lady of Victory)
 Rio de Janeiro Sebastian
 Rio Grande do Norte Saint Martyrs of Cunhaú and Uruaçu
 Rio Grande do Sul Peter
 Rondônia Mary (as Our Lady of Nazareth)
 Roraima Mary (as Our Lady of Mount Carmel)
 Santa Catarina Catherine of Alexandria
 São Paulo Paul
 Sergipe Mary (as Our Lady of Immaculate Conception)
 Tocantins Mary (as Our Lady of Nativity)
 Canada  Newfoundland and Labrador John the Baptist
 Nova Scotia Ninian
 Quebec Anne
John the Baptist
 Croatia Dalmatia Blaise
 Czech Republic  Bohemia Wenceslas, Ludmila, Vitus, Adalbert of Prague, Agnes of Bohemia,

Procopius, Sigismund of Burgundy, Norbert of Xanten, Joseph,[6] John of Nepomuk

 Moravia Cyril and Methodius,[6] Wenceslas, Jan Sarkander
 France  Alsace Odile of Alsace
 Auvergne Gerald Aurillac
 Brittany Dedicated: Anna, Ivo of Kermartin; Seven Founders: Corentin of Cornwall, Tudwal of Landreger, Pol-Aorelian of Leon, Padarn of Gwened, Samson of Dol, Brioc, Malo.
 Corsica Julia of Corsica, Devota, Alexander Sauli
 Île-de-France (Paris) Denis, Genevieve
 Lorraine Saint Nicholas, Joan of Arc
 Germany  Bavaria St. Mary Patroness of Bavaria (feast on 1 May), St. Rupert and St. Emmeram (Bavaria proper), St. Kilian and St. Sebaldus (Franconia) and St. Hedwig of Andechs
 Saxony Willehad of Bremen
 Greece Cephalonia Saint Gerasimos
Chios Saint Markella
Crete Saint Titus
Corfu Saint Spyridon
Euboea Saint Paraskevi
Laconia Saint Nikon the Metanoeite
Patmos Saint John the Theologian
Rhodes Saint Phanourios
Tinos Saint Pelagia, Mary (as Our Lady of Tinos)
Zakynthos Saint Dionysios of Zakynthos
 Indonesia Borneo Francis Xavier
 Italy Cremona Homobonus
Sicily Andrew Avellino, Nicholas of Myra, Rosalia
Kenya Kenya Malindi Francis Xavier
Nyeri Irene Stefani
 Lebanon North Lebanon Awtel
South Lebanon Christina of Bolsena
 Mexico Chihuahua Our Lady of La Soledad de Parral
Veracruz Rafael Guizar y Valencia
 Philippines Bicol Mary (as Our Lady of Peñafrancia)
Cagayan Mary (as Our Lady of Piat)
Western Visayas Mary (as Our Lady of Candelaria)
 Portugal Lisbon Saint Vincent, Saint Anthony, Mary (as Saint Mary Major)
Oporto Mary (as Nossa Senhora de Vandoma, Our Lady of Assumption), Saint John
Coimbra Saint Augustine, Saint Elizabeth, Thomas of Villanova
Braga Saint Martin of Braga, Saint Gerald, Mary (as Our Lady of Assumption), Saint John
 Russia  Kaliningrad Oblast Adalbert of Prague
 Serbia Vojvodina Cyril and Methodius
 Spain  Andalusia John of Avila
 Aragon Agathoclia, Braulio, George
 Asturias Our Lady of Covadonga
Castile Emilian of Cogolla
 Canary Islands Our Lady of Candelaria, Peter of Saint Joseph de Betancur, José de Anchieta
 Cantabria Virgen de la Bien Aparecida,
 Catalonia George, Virgin of Montserrat
 Ceuta Our Lady of Africa
 Euskadi Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Saint Prudence
 Extremadura Virgen of Guadalupe, John the Baptist
 Galicia James the Greater,[6]
La Rioja La Rioja Virgen of Valvanera
 León Marcellus of Tangier, Saint Froilan, Madonna of the Way (Virgen del Camino)
 Madrid Saint Isidore the Laborer, Virgin of Almudena
 Navarre Fermin, Francis Xavier, Saturnin, Santa María the Royal of Pamplona
 Valencia Vincent Ferrer, Our Lady of the Forsaken
 United Kingdom  England George,[6] Edmund the Martyr, Edward the Confessor, Michael the Archangel,[29] Our Lady of Walsingham
Berkshire Birinus[citation needed]
 Cornwall Piran, Michael the Archangel, Petroc[citation needed]
Devon Boniface
Dorset Wite
East Anglia Edmund the Martyr; Suffolk
Essex Cedd
The English Fens Guthlac[citation needed]
Herefordshire Dubricius[citation needed]
Kent Augustine of Canterbury
London Saint Paul
Mercia Chad of Mercia, Bertelin,[71] Alban
Northumbria Cuthbert of Lindisfarne, Oswald
Sussex Richard of Chichester, Wilfrid
Wessex Aldhelm, Swithun
West Riding of Yorkshire Wilfrid
Wiltshire Osmund
Northern Ireland see Ireland (above)
 Scotland Andrew the Apostle,[53] Margaret of Scotland, Columba,[6][39] Palladius
Barra Finbarr
Eigg Donnán
Galloway Ninian
Lennox Kessog
Orkney Islands Magnus
 Wales David of Wales[58] (Welsh: Dewi Sant)
 Gibraltar (territory) Bernard of Clairvaux,[72] Mary (as Our Lady of Europe)
 Guernsey
(sovereign dependency)
Samson of Dol[73]
 Isle of Man
(sovereign dependency)
Maughold[74]
 Jersey
(sovereign dependency)
Helier[75]

Cities and towns[edit]

Catherine of Siena writing

Argentina

Australia

Austria

Belgium

Brazil

Canada

Colombia

Croatia

Cuba

Czech Republic

Denmark

Ecuador

Egypt

France

Germany

Greece

Haiti

Hungary

India

Ireland

Italy

Lebanon

Lithuania

Malta

Mexico

Montenegro

The Netherlands

Norway

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Russia


Rwanda

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sri Lanka

Sweden

Tanzania

Turkey

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States

Archdioceses and dioceses[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Walsh, p. 6.
  2. ^ a b Walsh, p. 13.
  3. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Rose of Lima". www.newadvent.org. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Thames Windows". www.peninsula.faithweb.com.
  5. ^ "Church in Antarctica – W.A.P." www.waponline.it.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz Bunson, p. 214.
  7. ^ "St. Benedict and the key to European unity". CatholicCulture.org. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  8. ^ Jones, Terry. "Methodius". Patron Saints Index. Archived from the original on 19 February 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2007.
  9. ^ "Egregiae Virtutis". Retrieved 26 April 2009. Apostolic letter of Pope John Paul II, 31 December 1980 (in Latin)
  10. ^ "Abbazia MC Official site". www.abbaziamontecassino.org.
  11. ^ "Patrons of Europe". www.isidor.se.
  12. ^ "Gibraltar Our Lady of Europa 20p". www.westminstercollection.com. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e Walsh, p. 15.
  14. ^ Writers, Staff (24 January 2013). "St Mary of the Cross MacKillop Named Second Patron of Australia".
  15. ^ a b Walsh, p. 3.
  16. ^ a b c d e Walsh, p. 4.
  17. ^ "Patroness of Australia". www.theworkofgod.org. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  18. ^ "Saint Mary of the Cross MacKillop named second patron of Australia - ACBC Media Blog". ACBC Media Blog. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  19. ^ Holweck, p. 225.
  20. ^ Who was St. Andrew? Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Scotland.org
  21. ^ "Euphrosyne of Polotsk, Belarus - Belarus.by". www.belarus.by.
  22. ^ a b Walsh, p. 5.
  23. ^ "Sveti Ilija - zaštitnik Bosne i Hercegovine" (in Croatian). vecernji.ba. 21 July 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  24. ^ Holweck, p. 133.
  25. ^ a b Walsh, p. 22.
  26. ^ "Feast of Our Lady of Mercy". CatholicSaints.Info. 4 August 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  27. ^ "Hoy es Día de las Mercedes, Patrona de la República Dominicana". El Día (in Spanish). 24 September 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  28. ^ "Santo Cerro | La Vega, República Dominicana". www.conectate.com.do (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  29. ^ a b c d Walsh, p. 9.
  30. ^ "Official website of the National Shrine of Our Lady of El Cisne". Archived from the original on 25 August 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  31. ^ "Weekly Word". weeklyword.eu.
  32. ^ "Eco-Warriors Join Whalers' Festival". 14 August 2011.
  33. ^ a b c Walsh, p. 8.
  34. ^ a b c d Walsh, p. 11.
  35. ^ "THE SEA SERPENT". www.harbourguides.com.
  36. ^ "Dinosaurs for Dummies - Witness from Patron Saint of Greenland". www.dinosaursfordummies.org.uk.
  37. ^ "Diocese of Hong Kong 香港, Hong Kong". GCatholic.
  38. ^ Holweck, p. 256.
  39. ^ a b c Walsh, p. 12.
  40. ^ "Irelands Saints". www.discoveringireland.com.
  41. ^ Holweck, p. 171.
  42. ^ "Jewish Encyclopedia - Michael". Jewish,/ Encyclopedia. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  43. ^ "Mary, our lady of the Blue Mountains". www.jamaicaobserver.com. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  44. ^ "Catholic Church in Kenya". www.gcatholic.org. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
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  46. ^ Walsh, p. 14.
  47. ^ Holweck, p. 273.
  48. ^ a b c d Walsh, p. 16.
  49. ^ Walsh, p. 17.
  50. ^ Santo patrono de cada municipio. Grupo Editorial EPRL. Enciclopedia Puerto Rico. 2020. Accessed 26 July 2020.
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  53. ^ a b c Holweck, p. 72.>
  54. ^ a b c d Walsh, p. 18.
  55. ^ A History of the Balkan Peoples. Ardent Media. 1971. p. 33. GGKEY: 69RCKY1X0FZ.
  56. ^ Jennifer Lawler (2004). Encyclopedia of the Byzantine Empire. McFarland. p. 260. ISBN 978-1-4766-0929-4.
  57. ^ a b Walsh, p. 19.
  58. ^ a b c d Bunson, p. 215.
  59. ^ Walsh, p. 20.
  60. ^ "Patron Saints of Countries". www.catholic-saints.info.
  61. ^ "Saint of the Day - June 3 - Martyrs of Uganda". Catholic Saint of the Day. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  62. ^ "Catholic Church in Uganda". www.gcatholic.org. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  63. ^ "Saint Josaphat Kuncevyc".[permanent dead link]
  64. ^ Virgin of the Thirty-Three, proclaimed patron saint of Uruguay by Pope John XXIII (in Spanish)
  65. ^ a b Walsh, p. 21.
  66. ^ John Van Antwerp Fine (January 2007). The Bosnian Church: Its Place in State and Society from the Thirteenth to the Fifteenth Century. Saqi. ISBN 978-0-86356-503-8. This would also explain how St Gregory came to be the patron saint of Bosnia in 1461 (AB, p. 244). Thus we conclude that at least some Bosnians celebrated a family saint, the slava, and also some, like the Sankovici, honored the saints, ...
  67. ^ Georgiana Muir Mackenzie (1877). Travels in the Slavonic Province of Turkey-in-Europe. Daldy, Isbister & Company. St. Peter was in his lifetime Vladika Peter I. ; now he is the patron saint of Montenegro,
  68. ^ The Fortnightly. 93-99. Chapman and Hall. 1913. From one and all their offers met with savage refusal, the answer given by Peter Petrovic, ancestor of King Nikolas, and to-day- Patron Saint of Montenegro, is typical of the spirit of the Crnagora : to the offer of a gift of territory and a Turkish title ...
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