|• Body||Pattambi Municipality|
|• M.L.A||Muhammed Muhsin|
|• Total||15.84 km2 (6.12 sq mi)|
|Elevation||63 m (207 ft)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||0.96 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Palakkad|
- 14,049 males (49%); 14,583 females (51%).
- No of Households: 5,897
- Scheduled Caste population: 3,471 (12%)
- Scheduled Tribe population: 37 (0% ).
- In the age group 0–6 years: 3,534 (Males: 1,837, Females: 1,697)
- Literacy: 83% (23,888 literates and 4,744 illiterates)
- Of the total population 8,561 (30%) are employed. It includes 1,657 people with irregular employment.
Pattambi, which is situated on the bank of Nila river, is an important town in Valluvanad area. The most important festival, Pattambi Nercha, is celebrated in February-March every year and people irrespective of caste and religion, take active participation, which is very famous in Valluvanad.
Like other towns in Valluvanad, people in the old generation depended on agriculture, but now gulf money is the main source of income in many families. Pattambi is surrounded by a number of small villages and bus services are available to every corner. As the Shornur - Mangalapuram railway track lies on the north and Bharathapuzha flows on the south, development works cannot be undertaken in a big way and hence all such works are concentrated at Mele Pattambi on the Palakkad road.
Sree Neelankanta Govt. Sanskrit College, where Sanskrit is a main language, is an important educational institution, which is situated on the Cherpulassery road. The Oriental High School, in memory of Punnassery Nambi, is situated at Perumudiyur, which is one of the oldest educational institutions. In addition to the above, a Govt. High School, a couple of English Medium High Schools and a number of parallel colleges, technical institutions including computer centres operate in the town and surrounding areas.
Guruvayur is just one-hour drive from Pattambi. There is a Guruvayurappan temple on the bank of Bharathapuzha. The Nhangattiri Bhagavaty temple is also situated on the bank of Bharathapuzha, approximately 3 km from the town on the Guruvayur road. Kaithali Mahadeva temple, Perumudiyur Shiva temple, Panthakkal temple and various mosques and churches are here for worship of various communities.
Train service is limited and very few superfast trains provide a halt at Pattambi. Though Delhi-bound Mangala express train stops here, there is no halt for Netravathi Express, West Coast Express, Intercity Express, etc. and many associations and political parties are still trying for it. The bridge across the Nila river connects the town to western end of Palakkad district and parts of Thrissur district like Kunnamkulam and Guruvayur. It has been decided recently to construct a new bridge across the Nila river as the present bridge is in a weak condition.
A long pending demand by various organizations and political parties for the formation of Pattambi Taluk, is now realised. Now, the people at the western border of the district can save their time and money, who would otherwise had to travel to Ottapalam, which the present Taluk headquarters.
Valluvanad was an erstwhile late medieval feudal state in present state of Kerala in South India extending from the Bharathapuzha River in the south to the Pandalur Mala in the north during their zenith in the early Middle Ages. On the west, it was bounded by the Arabian Sea at the port Ponnani and on the east by Attappadi Hills. According to local legends, the last Later Chera ruler gave a vast extension of land in South Malabar to one of their governors, Valluvakkonithiri and left for a hajj. The Valluvakkonithiri was also given last Later Chera ruler's shield (presumably to defend himself from the sword received by the Samoothiri (Zamorin) of Kozhikode, another governor, from the departing ruler). Not surprisingly, the Vellatiri rajas were hereditary enemies of the Samoothiri. Valluvanad is famous for the Mamankam festivals, held once in 12 years and the endless wars against the Samoothiri of Kozhikode. By the late 18th century, Vellatiri or Walluwanad proper was the sole remaining territory of the Walluvanad raja (Valluva Konatiri), who once exercised suzerain rights over a large portion of Southern Malabar. Although management of the country was restored to the Vellatiri raja in 1792, it soon became evident that he was powerless to repress the trouble that quickly broke out between Mapillas (favored by the Mysorean occupiers) and nayars (who sought to restore the ancien régime), and already in 1793 management of the district had to be resumed as the chief and his family fled to Travancore.
This town connects to other parts of India through Palakkad city. National Highway No.544 connects to Coimbatore and Bangalore. Other parts of Kerala is accessed through National Highway No.66 going through Thrissur. Calicut International Airport, Cochin International Airport and Coimbatore Airport are the nearest airports. Shoranur Junction railway station is the nearest major railway station.
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