|• Total||38.25 sq mi (99.07 km2)|
|• Land||38.19 sq mi (98.91 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)|
|Elevation||666 ft (203 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,005|
|• Density||26.6/sq mi (10.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0582666|
The town was named for Amos Patten, a resident of Bangor, Maine, who about 1828 purchased Township No. 4, Range 6, as it was then designated, for its vast timber supply.  In 1829 Amos Patten hired Ira Fish and Eli Kellogg to survey the land. The surveyors soon asked permission to establish their homes in Patten. The town was incorporated on April 16, 1841 and given its present name at that time. By 1850 the population numbered 470, reaching 704 in 1870, and 716 residents in 1880. The town's infrastructure gradually appeared. In March, 1841 the Congregational Church was organized. Within a few years, citizens began agitating for local education. A bill to appoint Trustees of the Patten Academy passed the Maine legislature and was signed by the governor in 1847. The Patten Academy opened its doors with 61 students in September, 1848, and educated its residents for more than a century.
As noted below, Patten is situated in close proximity to several major rivers and streams. This abundant water power, however, did not favor the development of large-scale industry, although small mills and workshops utilized its power during most of the town's history.
Two factors explain Patten's comparatively early development, and its position as the major town of the Penobscot panhandle and southwestern Aroostook in the nineteenth century. First, it is the first town beyond the Mount Katahdin range, giving it access to the upper East Branch and lower Allagash River basins, which were leading lumbering areas. Second, it has the best agricultural land in the proximity of those basins. As a result, lumbering stimulated very early development of commerce and farming; and the town early gained the status as the distribution center and cultural nexus of all the towns west of Houlton and north of Lincoln.
Patten lies on the western edge of the Mattawamkeag River system basin, almost at the edge of the East Branch of the Penobscot River's basin. Two major Mattawamkeag tributaries occupy its area: in the north, Fish Stream (formerly known as the "Mattawamkeag West Branch"), and in the south, small feeders of Molunkus Stream. Fish Stream is navigable by very small craft as far as Island Falls, around 10 miles (16 km) distance, for about six months of the year. In the early days of lumbering it was used to drive local cutting downstream, eventually to the mills at Old Town and Bangor. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.25 square miles (99.07 km2), of which, 38.19 square miles (98.91 km2) of it is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Patten has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the town was $26,900, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $27,656 versus $15,987 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,384. About 12.4% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,017 people, 447 households, and 283 families residing in the town. The population density was 26.6 inhabitants per square mile (10.3/km2). There were 565 housing units at an average density of 14.8 per square mile (5.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.9% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.1% of the population.
There were 447 households of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.73.
The median age in the town was 47.6 years. 19.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.9% were from 25 to 44; 31.7% were from 45 to 64; and 22.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.
- Gladys George (1900–1954), stage and film actress
- Lore Alford Rogers (1875-1975), dairy scientist and bacteriologist
- Lou Rogers (Annie L. Rogers) (1879-1952) cartoonist and writer
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Patten town, Penobscot County, Maine". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "Profile for Patten, Maine". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- Chadbourne, Ava Harriet (1955). Maine Place Names and the Peopling of its Towns. Portland, ME: Bond Wheelwright Ci. p. 358. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- Olsen, Irene. History of Patten Academy, The Trustees of the Patten Academy, 1947, p. 10.
- Finch, Juanita Bates; Jennifer Bates Ryan, Ed. (2013). An Informal History of the Town of Patten, Maine (2nd printing ed.). Jennifer Bates Ryan. p. 2.
- History of Penobscot County, Maine with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches. Cleveland, OH: Williams, Chase, & Co. 1882. pp. 478–481.
- History of Penobscot County Maine with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches, Williams, Chase & Co., 1882, p. 479.
- Olsen, Irene. History of Patten Academy, The Trustees of the Patten Academy, 1947, p. 11.
- Climate Summary for Patten, Maine
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Amos Patten at Find a Grave
- Katahdin Lodge and Camps of Patten, Maine in 1969, Northern Maine Adventures photo album
- Patten Lumbermens Museum
- Upper Valley Economic Council
- Patten Area Links, from Veterans Memorial Library
- Gilfeathers' Patten Travel Pages
- Mt. Katahdin Webcam in Patten
- Benjamin, Charles Henry (1929). [Patten, Maine] A Hill Town in New England. Altadena, CA. Charles Henry Benjamin.
- Brown, Lynn Olsen. (2009). Alice, Frankenstein and Saturday Night Beans: A Young Girl's Memory of Bradford Farm. Houlton, ME: Lynn Olsen Brown.
- Finch, Juanita Bates. (2013). An Informal History of the Town of Patten, Maine. Edited by Jennifer Bates Ryan. Westfield, ME: Jennifer Bates Ryan. Originally published in the Millinocket Journal, 1950.
- Olsen, Irene. (1947). History of Patten Academy. Patten, ME: The Trustees of the Patten Academy.