Patricia Anne Boyd
17 March 1944
|Height||5 ft 6 in (168 cm)|
Patricia Anne Boyd (born 17 March 1944) is an English model and photographer. She was one of the leading international models during the 1960s and, with Jean Shrimpton, epitomised the British female look of the era. Boyd married George Harrison in 1966, experiencing the height of the Beatles' popularity and sharing in their embrace of Indian spirituality. She divorced Harrison in 1977 and married Harrison's friend Eric Clapton in 1979; they divorced in 1989. Boyd inspired Harrison's songs "I Need You", "If I Needed Someone", "Something" and "For You Blue", and Clapton's songs "Layla", "Bell Bottom Blues" and "Wonderful Tonight".
In August 2007, Boyd published her autobiography Wonderful Today (titled Wonderful Tonight in the United States). Her photographs of Harrison and Clapton, titled Through the Eye of a Muse, have been widely exhibited.
Boyd was born on 17 March 1944 in Taunton, Somerset, the first child of Colin ("Jock") Ian Langdon Boyd and Diana Frances Boyd (née Drysdale). The Boyds moved to West Lothian in Scotland, where her brother, Colin, was born in 1946. They then moved to Guildford, Surrey, where her sister Jenny was born in 1947. After Jock's discharge from the Royal Air Force, the Boyds lived in Nairobi from 1948 to 1953. Boyd's youngest sister, Paula, was born at a hospital in Nakuru, Kenya, in 1951.
From the age of eight, Boyd boarded at Nakuru School near Nairobi. During a half-term break, she returned home and was shocked to learn that her parents had divorced. In December 1953, she and her siblings moved to England with Diana and her new husband, Bobbie Gaymer-Jones. With her mother's second marriage, Boyd gained two half-brothers, David (b. 1954) and Robert ("Boo"; b. 1955). Many years later, she learnt that she had two half-sisters through Jock's second marriage: Clare (1962–2018) and Julia (b. 1964).
Boyd briefly attended Hazeldean School in Putney, and then the St Agnes and St Michael Convent Boarding School in East Grinstead, and St Martha's Convent in Hadley Wood, Hertfordshire. She achieved three GCE O level passes in 1961. She moved to London the same year and through her mother found work as a trainee beautician, age seventeen, at Elizabeth Arden's Bond Street salon. A client who worked for Honey magazine then inspired her to join an agency and begin work as a fashion model.
Boyd began her fashion career in 1962, modeling at first in London and Paris. Among her regular assignments at that time were jobs for the UK edition of Vogue, Vanity Fair, Elle in France, and Honey, as well as fashion spreads in newspapers such as The Daily Telegraph and The Times. She was photographed by David Bailey, Terence Donovan and Brian Duffy, among others, and appeared on the cover of British Vogue. Other popular models of the day, such as Twiggy, based their modeling appearance on Boyd.[nb 1] In the description of journalist Tom Hibbert, Boyd and Jean Shrimpton became "international celebrities" as the embodiment of the "British female 'look' – mini-skirt, long, straight hair and wide-eyed loveliness". This look defined Western fashion for women as a result of the international popularity of the Beatles and other British Invasion musical acts from 1964 onwards. In her autobiography, Boyd recalls being known as the muse to designer Ossie Clark, who used to call some of his designs "Pattie".[nb 2]
In early 1964, Boyd appeared in a television advertising campaign for Smith's crisps, directed by Richard Lester. Lester then cast her as a schoolgirl in the Beatles' 1964 film A Hard Day's Night, where she met and befriended the group's lead guitarist, George Harrison.[nb 3] Boyd's modelling career skyrocketed as a result of her subsequent romantic involvement with Harrison. She recalls that further assignments for Vogue and Vanity Fair were the result, along with jobs for Tatler (with photographer Jeanloup Sieff), more TV commercials, for Smith's and for L'Oréal's Dop shampoo brand, and advertisements in newspaper fashion pages.
Boyd and Harrison were among the leading couples in the Swinging London era, when, according to a 1966 article in the Daily Express, "actors, pop singers, hairdressers, and models" were London's new "privileged class". UK underground writer Barry Miles later described her as "by far the most glamorous" of all the Beatles' wives and girlfriends, while author Shawn Levy writes that, even more so than Jane Asher, the London-born stage actress who was Paul McCartney's girlfriend for much of the 1960s, Boyd epitomised what "sixties stardom was meant to confer upon its chosen".[nb 4] Writing in 1966, British fashion designer Mary Quant commented that it had become a requisite for contemporary women to strive "to look like Pattie Boyd rather than Marlene Dietrich", adding: "Their aim is to look childishly young, naïvely unsophisticated, and it takes more sophistication to work out that look than those early would-be sophisticates ever dreamed of."
At the request of Gloria Stavers, Boyd began writing a column, titled "Patti's Letter from London", for the American teen magazine 16. According to Hibbert: "She reported on the latest trends in Carnaby Street, informed readers as to what the Beatles and Stones were wearing at the moment, and gave advice on how to turn dark and curly hair straight and blonde." However, with Boyd the target of hostility from the Beatles' female fans, Harrison insisted she abandon her career, to ensure their privacy. In July 1968, she and her sister Jenny, who was also a model, opened a boutique in London's fashionable Chelsea Market. They named it "Jennifer Juniper" after Donovan's song of the same name. Jenny managed the shop, which sold antiques and other objets d'art, while Boyd was the buyer.
Boyd says she had "virtually given up" modelling by the early 1970s. She resumed her career at that time, promoting designs by Ossie Clark. She and Twiggy then did a cover assignment in Milan for Italian Vogue with photographer Justin de Villeneuve, and, working again with Bailey, Boyd appeared on several covers for British Vogue. In another shoot for the latter magazine, Boyd and her sisters were photographed by Patrick Lichfield.
Boyd began taking photographs of musicians and other friends during the 1960s and was a member of the Royal Photographic Society. In a 2008 interview, she said that it was not until 2004 that she felt "emotionally ready" to revisit the images. She also said that her lack of professional status probably made for a more intimate and authentic mood in her work, since her subjects were relaxed in her company.
Boyd first exhibited her photos of Harrison and Clapton at the San Francisco Art Exchange on Valentine's Day 2005, in a show titled Through the Eye of a Muse. The exhibition appeared in San Francisco and London during 2006, and in La Jolla, California in 2008. Through the Eye of a Muse was also shown in Dublin; in November 2008 at Toronto's The Great Hall Gallery; at the Blender Gallery in Sydney; and in Almaty, Kazakhstan, in 2009–2010.
Her exhibition Yesterday and Today: The Beatles and Eric Clapton was shown on Santa Catalina Island in California, and at the National Geographic Headquarters in Washington, DC, in 2011.
Boyd became involved in charity work following her separation from Clapton in the late 1980s. In 1991, she co-founded SHARP (Self Help Addiction Recovery Program) with Barbara Bach, the second wife of former Beatle Ringo Starr.
Marriage to George Harrison
Boyd was in a relationship with photographer Eric Swayne when, at 19 (2 weeks away from her 20th birthday) she met Harrison, on 2 March 1964, and therefore declined his initial date proposal. Several days later, having ended the relationship with Swayne, she accompanied Harrison to a private gentlemen's club called the Garrick Club, chaperoned by the Beatles' manager, Brian Epstein. With the Beatles frequently away on concert tours, she and Harrison subsequently saw each other as often as their professional commitments allowed. In July 1964, Harrison bought Kinfauns, a house in Esher, Surrey, to escape the constant attention of fans in central London, and Boyd soon moved into the house also.
Boyd had her first encounter with LSD in early 1965 when the couple's dentist, John Riley, secretly laced his guests' coffee with the drug during a dinner party at his home. As she was getting ready to leave with Harrison and John and Cynthia Lennon, Riley told them that he had spiked their drinks and tried to persuade them to stay. Outside, Boyd was in an agitated state from the drug and threatened to break a shop window, but Harrison pulled her away. Later, when Boyd and her group were in a lift on their way up to the Ad Lib Club, they mistakenly believed it was on fire.
The couple were engaged on 25 December 1965, and married on 21 January 1966 in a ceremony at Epsom register office. In his "How a Beatle Lives" profile in the Evening Standard in March 1966, Harrison stressed the equality of their relationship and credited Boyd with broadening his outlook. In September and October, after the Beatles' final concert tour, Boyd and Harrison spent six weeks in India, as guests of Indian classical musician Ravi Shankar. While in Bombay, as Harrison continued his sitar studies under Shankar's tutelage, Boyd began learning to play the dilruba, a bow-played string instrument. Due to the attention of fans and the press, they left the city with Shankar and stayed on houseboats on Dal Lake in Kashmir. On their return to England, Boyd and Harrison continued to adhere to a lifestyle of yoga and vegetarianism, and Boyd received further tuition on the dilruba from Shiv Dayal Batish.[nb 5]
On 25 June 1967, Boyd was among the crowd of friends who participated in the Beatles' Our World broadcast of "All You Need Is Love".[nb 6] Boyd shared her husband's interest in Eastern mysticism. Having become a member of the Spiritual Regeneration Movement in February 1967, she was keen to meet the movement's leader, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, and so suggested that she and Harrison attend his lecture on Transcendental Meditation at the London Hilton on 24 August. Impressed with the Maharishi, Harrison and Boyd, together with the other Beatles and their partners, travelled to a seminar he hosted in Bangor, Wales, the following day. Boyd and her sister Jenny then accompanied Harrison on the Beatles' visit to the Maharishi's ashram in Rishikesh, India, in February 1968. That same year, she told Beatles biographer Hunter Davies that the four Beatles had a bond that neither she nor any other wives could penetrate; she also said she wished that the band would use their fame and influence to publicly further a cause, as Marlon Brando had done on behalf of homeless children. Boyd provided inspiration for several of Harrison's Beatles compositions, including "I Need You", "If I Needed Someone", "Love You To", "Something" and "For You Blue".[nb 7] In March 1969, as part of the British authorities' intolerant attitude towards the Beatles in the late 1960s, Boyd and Harrison were arrested at Kinfauns for possession of cannabis.
In March 1970, a month before the Beatles' break-up, Boyd moved with Harrison to Friar Park, a Victorian neo-Gothic mansion in Henley-on-Thames. By this point, Harrison's devotion to Indian spirituality, particularly the Hare Krishna movement, had begun to divide the couple. They were also unsuccessful in starting a family, and Harrison would not consider adoption.[nb 8] Boyd resumed her modelling career in May 1971, in defiance of Harrison's spiritual convictions. In 1973, she had an affair with Faces guitarist Ronnie Wood while Harrison romanced Wood's wife Krissie. Boyd said her decision to leave Harrison, in July 1974, was based largely on his repeated infidelities, culminating in his affair with Starr's wife Maureen, which Boyd called "the final straw".[nb 9]
Author Ian Inglis, discussing Harrison's 1973 song "So Sad", describes Boyd as the musician's "closest companion" and someone who shared in his "triumphs and tragedies". Among these key events, Inglis lists the international Beatlemania phenomenon, the Beatles' decision to retire from live performance, the 1967 Summer of Love, Epstein's death, the creation of Apple Corps, the Beatles' exploration of Indian spirituality, the band's break-up, Harrison's ascendancy as a songwriter and then as a solo artist, and his Bangladesh aid project. The couple's divorce was finalised on 9 June 1977. Boyd's solicitor, Paddy Grafton-Green of the London firm Theodore Goddard, later remarked on the sensitivity shown by each party towards the other, which he found particularly rare in his experience of high-stakes divorces. He said: "There was no overreacting, no greed or playing with each other's emotions – I wish all divorces were so well handled."
Marriage to Eric Clapton
In the late 1960s, Eric Clapton and George Harrison became close friends and began writing and recording music together. Clapton fell in love with Boyd at this time. In an effort to satisfy his infatuation, Clapton briefly dated Boyd's sister Paula. His 1970 album with Derek and the Dominos, Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs, was written to proclaim his love for Boyd, particularly the hit song "Layla". Clapton drew inspiration from The Story of Layla and Majnun by Persian writer Nizami; based on a story about the seventh-century Nejdi Bedouin poet Qays ibn Al-Mulawwah and his lover Layla bint Mahdi (or Layla al-Aamiriya), the tale concerns a man driven to madness by his unattainable love. When Boyd rebuffed his advances in late 1970, Clapton descended into heroin addiction and self-imposed exile for three years.
Once cured of his addiction in 1974, Clapton again pursued Boyd. Actor John Hurt later recalled that Harrison and Clapton staged a guitar "duel" over Boyd at Friar Park; Hurt added that it was "extraordinary ... The air was electric. Nobody dare say a word." While Boyd supports this account, Clapton has dismissed its significance.[nb 10] Boyd finally left Harrison on 4 July that year. She and Clapton were married on 27 March 1979 in Tucson, Arizona. They remained close friends with Harrison, who took to calling Clapton his "husband-in-law".
Boyd soon struggled within the marriage and began drinking heavily, but these difficulties were masked by her public image with Clapton. He later admitted to raping and abusing her while they were married and he was a "full-blown" alcoholic. Clapton and Boyd tried unsuccessfully to have children, trying in vitro fertilisation in 1984 and 1987, but were faced instead with miscarriages.
Boyd left Clapton in April 1987 and divorced him in 1989. Her stated reasons were Clapton's years of alcoholism, as well as his numerous affairs, including one with Italian actress Lory Del Santo. In 1989, her divorce was granted on the grounds of "infidelity and unreasonable behaviour". She subsequently suspected that Clapton's pursuit of her when she was married to Harrison "had more to do" with the competitive aspect of the two musicians' friendship, and that "Eric just wanted what George had."
In 2007, Rolling Stone referred to Boyd as a "legendary rock muse" for her role in inspiring the music of Harrison and Clapton, while Alan Light of The New York Times described the Boyd–Clapton–Harrison love triangle as "one of the most mythical romantic entanglements in rock'n'roll history". Roger Cormier of Mental Floss similarly recognises her as "one of the most important muses in rock and roll history". In addition to "Layla", she was the inspiration for Clapton's love songs "Bell Bottom Blues" and "Wonderful Tonight". He also wrote "Golden Ring" for Boyd, in response to her sadness at learning of Harrison's marriage to Olivia Arias in 1978, and the 1983 track "The Shape You're In", which addressed Boyd's drinking.
Marriage to Rod Weston
Boyd met property developer Rod Weston in 1991. The couple were married on 29 April 2015 in a ceremony held at the Register Office in Chelsea Old Town Hall, London. Weston was quoted as saying, "It's almost our silver anniversary so we thought we had better get on with it."
In August 2007, Headline Review published Boyd's autobiography, titled Wonderful Today and co-written with journalist and broadcaster Penny Junor. Re-titled Wonderful Tonight: George Harrison, Eric Clapton, and Me for the US market, the book contains many of Boyd's photographs. Boyd carried out interviews to promote the release. At the time, she was said to be looking forward to the idea of her book competing against Clapton's autobiography, which was published concurrently. Clapton disagreed with some of the details in her account but said, "We each have our different versions of our years together."
Reviewing Wonderful Today for The Daily Telegraph, Lynn Barber described it as "absolutely gripping" and a memoir that "gives more insight into the weirdness of rock-star life than anything I have ever read". In the United States, the book debuted at the top of the New York Times Best Seller list.
- ^ Kim Kerrigan, who had a natural resemblance to Boyd, changed her first name from Patsy in 1964, to avoid the perception that she and the agency representing her might be attempting to "cash in" on Boyd's popularity.
- ^ Boyd's first name was often abbreviated to "Patti" also.
- ^ Her only line in the film was "Prisoners?" She later appeared in the "I Should Have Known Better" song segment.
- ^ Levy adds: "That was why a provincial boy learned how to play bar chords and sing harmony and hitchhiked down the Great Northern Road to the capital!"
- ^ Batish described her as a "smart student" who quickly mastered the basics of the instrument.
- ^ She was also one of the chorus singers on "Yellow Submarine" in 1966 and sang the female vocal parts, with Yoko Ono, on the 1968 song "Birthday".
- ^ Harrison later cited alternative sources of inspiration for "Something". In early 1969, by which point he had befriended members of the Hare Krishna movement, he said that the song was about the Hindu deity Krishna.
- ^ Harrison told friends that he was infertile, a gesture that they realised was out of consideration for Boyd, given that he was able to father a child with his second wife, Olivia Arias.
- ^ Boyd characterised the last year of her marriage as "fuelled by alcohol and cocaine", and claimed "George used coke excessively, and I think it changed him ... it froze his emotions and hardened his heart."
- ^ Clapton says that Hurt was unaware that he and Harrison regularly played together in such a fashion, and Hurt had used his "actor's imagination" to create a "mythical rumour of that night [that] may have passed around a few dining-room tables".
- ^ a b c d Rolling Stone staff (6 August 2007). "Former George Harrison, Eric Clapton Muse Pattie Boyd Spills the Beans". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 17 September 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- ^ Boyd 2007, p. 4.
- ^ "Profiles: Pattie Boyd's extraordinary life". BBC Somerset. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 5–7.
- ^ Boyd 2007, p. 3.
- ^ Boyd 2007, p. 6.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 7–9, 19.
- ^ Boyd 2007, p. 13.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 14–16.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 16–19.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 21, 28.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 272–73.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 21–22, 29.
- ^ Boyd 2007, p. 36.
- ^ "Modeling - Wonderful Tonight - Pattie Boyd, Penny Junor". publicism.info. Retrieved 26 January 2023.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 35, 40–41.
- ^ a b Harry 2003, pp. 32–33.
- ^ a b Boyd 2007, p. 50.
- ^ Boyd 2007, p. 49.
- ^ Mason, Anthony (26 August 2007). "A Rock Muse Remembers". CBS News. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- ^ Spitz 2005, pp. 499, 909.
- ^ Fletcher 1998, pp. 112–13.
- ^ a b c Hibbert, Tom (1982). "Britain invades the world: Mid-Sixties British Music". The History of Rock. Available at Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- ^ Boyd 2007, p. 53.
- ^ a b Harry 2003, p. 33.
- ^ a b c Barrow 2006, p. 243.
- ^ Crowther, Bosley (2007). "A Hard Day's Night (1964)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2 November 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- ^ Tillery 2011, p. 29.
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- ^ a b Clayson 2003, p. 201.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 70–71.
- ^ Turner 2016, pp. 330–31.
- ^ Miles 2001, p. 136.
- ^ a b Levy 2003, p. 177.
- ^ Clayson 2003, pp. 167, 476.
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- ^ Membership records of the Royal Photographic Society. Accessed January 2018
- ^ a b Balfe, John (28 August 2018). "Interview with Pattie Boyd". entertainment.ie. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- ^ a b c d Lepold, Todd (3 February 2005). "Harrison, Clapton and their muse". CNN. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
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- ^ a b Harry 2003, p. 40.
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- ^ a b Tillery 2011, p. 45.
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- ^ Spitz 2005, pp. 644–45.
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- ^ Tillery 2011, p. 58.
- ^ Kruth 2015, pp. 75–76.
- ^ Kruth 2015, p. 76.
- ^ MacDonald 1998, pp. 183, 277.
- ^ Clayson 2003, p. 223.
- ^ a b Greene 2006, p. 197.
- ^ Faithfull, Marianne (2002). "We Love You". Mojo Special Limited Edition: 1000 Days That Shook the World (The Psychedelic Beatles – April 1, 1965 to December 26, 1967). London: Emap. p. 146.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 95–96.
- ^ Clayson 2003, pp. 223–24.
- ^ Spitz 2005, pp. 710–711.
- ^ Gould 2007, p. 498.
- ^ Davies 2009, pp. 324–25.
- ^ Turner 1999, pp. 78, 82.
- ^ Kruth 2015, p. 103.
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- ^ Khan, Ashley (2003). "Gun for Hire". Mojo Special Limited Edition: 1000 Days of Revolution (The Beatles' Final Years – Jan 1, 1968 to Sept 27, 1970). London: Emap. p. 48.
- ^ MacDonald 1998, pp. 129, 172, 295.
- ^ Greene 2006, pp. 141–42.
- ^ Doggett 2009, p. 73.
- ^ Browne 2011, pp. 83–84.
- ^ Doggett 2009, p. 91.
- ^ Harry 2003, p. 36.
- ^ Tillery 2011, pp. 91–93.
- ^ Huntley 2006, pp. 87–88.
- ^ Greene 2006, pp. 197–98.
- ^ Huntley 2006, p. 99.
- ^ Doggett 2009, p. 209.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 174–75, 178–79.
- ^ a b Boyd 2007, pp. 175–76.
- ^ Inglis 2010, p. 45.
- ^ Badman 2001, p. 210.
- ^ Greene 2006, pp. 208–09.
- ^ Tillery 2011, p. 92.
- ^ Clayson 2003, p. 241.
- ^ Harry 2003, p. 123.
- ^ Tillery 2011, p. 93.
- ^ Clayson 2003, p. 330.
- ^ Harry 2003, p. 124.
- ^ Meacham, Steve (24 August 2007). "In the Eye of Rock 'n' Roll's Hurricane". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
- ^ a b Clapton 2007, p. 132.
- ^ a b c Light, Alan (7 October 2007). "A Guitar God's Memories, Demons and All". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
- ^ Tillery 2011, p. 94.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 178–79.
- ^ Doggett 2009, p. 261.
- ^ Brean, Henry. "Get back, Jo Jo: New documentary captures moment Tucson landed in Beatles hit song". Retrieved 24 December 2021.
- ^ Greene 2006, p. 208.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 304–07.
- ^ "Eric Clapton admits abusing wife". BBC. 27 June 1999.
- ^ Harry 2003, pp. 124–25.
- ^ "Clapton Admits Abusing Wife". AP News. 27 June 1999.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 227–28, 243–44.
- ^ a b c d Meacham, Steve (4 July 2007). "Beatle's Muse Comes Clean". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- ^ Woods, Judith (17 March 1999). "It's amazing we're still alive". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 8 May 2008. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- ^ Boyd 2007, p. 263.
- ^ Reid 2006, p. ix.
- ^ Cormier, Roger (28 April 2016). "Layla in Real Life: 10 Songs Written About Pattie Boyd". Mental Floss. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 153, 201–02.
- ^ Clapton 2007, p. 193.
- ^ Boyd 2007, pp. 188, 216.
- ^ Furness, Hannah (30 April 2015). "Third time lucky: Pattie Boyd, ex-wife of George Harrison and Eric Clapton, marries long-term love". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- ^ Maslin, Janet (27 August 2007). "The Muse Who Made the Guitars Gently Weep". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
- ^ Barber, Lynn (20 September 2007). "Pattie Boyd's side of the story". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- ^ "New York Times Best Seller list for 9/23/07". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 26 April 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
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- Pattie Boyd at IMDb
- Pattie Boyd Pictures and Images