Patton Village, Texas
Patton Village, Texas
|• Type||Type A General Law|
|• Mayor||Scott Anderson|
|• City Council||Gary Longmire|
Michelle Earhart (Mayor Pro Tem)
|• Total||2.41 sq mi (6.24 km2)|
|• Land||2.27 sq mi (5.88 km2)|
|• Water||0.14 sq mi (0.35 km2)|
|Elevation||89 ft (27 m)|
|• Density||949.38/sq mi (366.58/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1388598|
A man named H. L. Patton founded the community. Patton Village was developed beginning in the 1960s. Patton remained in control of Patton Village during its development and its incorporation as a municipality in 1966.
By 1970 Patton Village reported that it had 667 people. The population steadily increased over a following three decade period. Patton Village became a bedroom community for Houston. In the late 1970s H. L. Patton lost control of the development, due to age. Bruce Nichols of The Dallas Morning News said that "Several people familiar with the town said troubles began in Patton Village after founding father H.L. Patton [...] lost control."
In 1985 the city instituted a small property tax. In 1986, after most residents refused to pay the tax, the city repealed it. In 1988 Robert "Bob" Devaney, the mayor of Patton Village, said "Property values are zero. Nobody wants to buy here." H. L. Patton died at age 100 in February 1989.
In 1989 Bruce Nichols of The Dallas Morning News said that the community "may be the most squabble-prone small town in Texas. Council meetings regularly become shouting matches. Officials frequently resign or are impeached." Nichols pointed to the firing and rehiring of police chief Bruce Nichols and to a town judge, who later was forced to leave his post, who pleaded no contest to clearing a woman's speeding ticket in exchange for solicited sex. In 1988 state prosecutors indicted 76-year-old Floyd Duval, the municipal court judge, for official oppression after soliciting sex from a 21-year-old woman from Splendora as compensation for a traffic ticket fine. Three weeks before Thursday May 26, 1988, the Texas Commission on Judicial Conduct suspended Duval's license. On Tuesday May 24, 1988, 36-year-old Lynn Coleman, a lawyer from New Caney and a former Montgomery County assistant attorney, replaced Duval as the municipal court judge. In 1988 a former mayor of Patton Village had been charged with killing his wife and her male companion.
In 2008 Pamela Munoz became the mayor of Patton Village after the previous mayor died. On Tuesday October 4, 2011, federal investigators raided Munoz's offices at city hall. A search warrant from Montgomery County said that she had used $1,500 municipal funds to rent large dumpsters that were used at her and her mother's houses. Munoz said that the dumpsters had been placed around the city for municipal purposes, and that the investigators were motivated by racism.
On Friday February 24, 2012, Munoz, city secretary Georgia Simons, municipal court clerk Patricia Edmondson, and four municipal police officers were indicted for criminal charges. After a six-month investigation, the Montgomery County District Attorney's office accused them of using police cars, which had been purchased with federal grant money, as collateral to get loans which they used for personal purposes. Due to the arrests, Patton Village city hall closed early that day. After the arrests, the remaining municipal government called for a special session. When city residents found that they were not permitted to address the meeting, many residents walked out before the meeting ended. On Friday, May 10, 2013, Munoz was sentenced to five years in prison.
"Speed trap" history
At one point Patton Village had established a "speed trap" along what is now Interstate 69/U.S. Highway 59, the main route between Lufkin and Splendora. It became the main source of revenue for the community. The stretch was annexed by the city in 1971. Originally the town was on a two lane road that Steve Weller of the Fort Lauderdale Sun Sentinel said was a "road going nowhere". Therefore, Patton Village did not have much through traffic. The leaders annexed the stretch of US 59, around 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the highway, so it could have through traffic which it could generate revenues from. At one point Patton Village used unmarked police cars with radar equipment in order to catch cars speeding. Bruce Nichols of The Dallas Morning News said in 1988 that the community "is probably best known for its reputation as a speed trap, which Patton Village leaders say they're trying to overcome." When the "speed trap" was active, there were 1,100 citations issued by Patton Village authorities per month.
H. L. Patton had criticized the Patton Village for relying on the speed trap. E. A. Ramsey, the municipal judge, agreed with Patton, saying that the stretch of highway in which the speed trap was located was not in the corporate limits of Patton Village. In December 1981 the Patton Village municipal court refused to prosecute motorists who had been ticketed in that speed trap. This caused severe financial issues in the community; the city did not provide W-2 forms for its municipal employees by the designated deadlines. At one point H. L. Patton had sued the city, accusing then current police chief C. B. "Bud" Watson, former town police chief Johnny Naquin, and former police officer Collier Wright of maliciously and willfully confiscating six of Patton's vehicles; the municipal government had been using those six. On the week of February 6, 1982, H. L. Patton had won his suit, and the jury awarded him $12,700 in actual damages and $30,000 in exemplary damages. H. L. Patton announced that he would be willing to forfeit the winnings from the lawsuit pay to rescue the Patton Village municipality from the shortfall.
In 1987 a newly passed law limited speeding ticket charges from small towns to $20. According to Texas House of Representatives member Keith Valigura, a Republican of Conroe, said that Patton Village police decided to do roadside inspections with every speeding driver so that the police department could bill drivers for other violations.
The newly elected mayor, 66-year-old Robert Devaney, announced on Tuesday May 17, 1988 that he was going to shut down the municipal court that had processed speeding tickets. 90% of Patton Village's revenues had originated from the "speed traps" processed by the court and enforced by the then 20-member Patton Village Police Department. The department had continued to maintain a speed trap along U.S. Route 59. Devaney criticized the community for relying on "speed trap" revenues and said that his community may give amnesty to drivers with speeding tickets and that it may be able to reduce the police budget since it no longer uses the speed trap. Devaney also requested for an audit and an investigation. Devaney and the Patton Village city council members closed the Patton Village marshal's office; that agency served warrants. Devaney said that after the audit was completed, the marshal's office would reopen with fewer staff members.
In 1989 Valigura promoted House Bill 243, which would force municipalities with fewer than 5,000 residents each to only have traffic ticket revenues account for 30% of each municipality budget. Patton Village was in District 16, Valigura's district. In response to the proposed bill, Judy Lennon, the Patton Village mayor, lobbied in an attempt to have the bill blocked. On Wednesday May 10, 1989, the Texas House passed the bill with no opposition. Weller said that " jealous citizens of nearby Humble, Conroe and Cut and Shoot" had pressured Texas state legislators into passing the bill. In response, the police chief, David Broussard, engaged in a hunger strike, supposedly only drinking "...coffee, water and an occasional beer...", for 12 days beginning on May 24, 1989. Broussard hoped to cajole Governor of Texas Bill Clements into vetoing the bill. Lloyd Oliver, the city attorney of Patton Village, threatened to legally challenge Valigura's bill in court and said that it "discriminates against towns under 5,000 population." Ultimately Clements signed the bill into law. The pre-Valigura law 1989 Patton Village budget had a projection of $297,700 in total revenues, with 79%, $236,000, to originate from the municipal court issuing citations. Valigura's law took effect on September 1.
Since then, the Patton Village authorities tried to overhaul the community's image. As of June 1989, police officer vehicles had rooftop lights, and police officers no longer hide in underbrush. From January–October 2016, the city handed out 3,404 tickets and citations, totaling $525,000.
Patton Village is located at (30.196414, −95.175422).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which, 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (6.83%) is water.
Government and infrastructure
As an incorporated city with a population of less than 5000, Patton Village is designated as a general law city under the Constitution of Texas. It is governed at the local level by an elected mayor and five council members. As of June 2022, the mayor is Scott Anderson. Council member Michelle Earhart also serves as Mayor Pro Tem. The other council members are Gary Longmire, Garry Hershman, Billy Crittenden, and Clyde Reeves.
In the Texas Senate, Patton Village is part of District 4, represented by Republican Brandon Creighton. In the Texas House of Representatives, Patton Village is part of District 16 represented by Republican Will Metcalf.
In the United States Senate, Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz represent the entire state of Texas. In the United States House of Representatives, Patton Village is part of District 8, represented by Republican Kevin Brady.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (NH)||10||0.61%|
|Native American or Alaska Native (NH)||10||0.61%|
|Some Other Race (NH)||1||0.06%|
|Hispanic or Latino||647||39.28%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,647 people, 427 households, and 334 families residing in the city.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,557 people, 513 households, and 385 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 83.8% White, 1.0% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander, 11.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.7% of the population.
There were 513 households, out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.49.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 31.4% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.
As of the 2015 American Community Survey, The median income for a household in the city was $40,625, and the median income for a family was $43,158. Males had a median income of $26,571 versus $23,173 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,786. About 32.3% of families and 32.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.2% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.
- City Hall. City of Patton Village. Retrieved June 10, 2022.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Loss of Speed Trap May Break Town." Associated Press at The Victoria Advocate. Saturday February 6, 1982. 7A. Retrieved from Google News (7 of 39) on February 26, 2012.
- "PATTON VILLAGE, TX." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on February 26, 2012.
- Nichols, Bruce. "New speed trap law to cut East Texas town's lifeline Patton Village attempting 'turnaround'." The Dallas Morning News. Sunday June 18, 1989. 41A. Retrieved on March 1, 2012.
- "TOWN KNOWN AS SPEED TRAP GETS NEW JUDGE." Associated Press at The Dallas Morning News. Thursday May 26, 1988. News 32A. Retrieved on March 1, 2012.
- Carey, Isaiah. KRIV. Wednesday October 5, 2011. Retrieved on February 26, 2012. "Mayor Says Probe Is All About Racism, Politics."
- "Special council meeting follows Patton Village arrests." Houston Chronicle. February 26, 2012. Retrieved on February 26, 2012.
- Glenn, Mike. "Patton Village mayor, 6 others indicted in corruption case." Houston Chronicle. Friday February 24, 2012. Retrieved on February 26, 2012.
- Willey, Jessica. "Patton Village mayor, other city officials indicted on criminal charges." KTRK-TV. Saturday February 25, 2012. Retrieved on February 26, 2012.
- Ousted Patton Village mayor sentenced to prison. Houston Chronicle: May 11, 2013. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- Weller, Steve. "Speed Traps Are Nearing Extinction As Hamlets From Hell Go Out Of Business." Fort Lauderdale Sun Sentinel. June 25, 1989. Retrieved on March 2, 2012.
- "Mayor puts brakes on speed trap." The Milwaukee Sentinel. Wednesday May 18, 1988. Page 2, Part 1. Retrieved from Google News (2 of 34) on February 26, 2012.
- "Lobbying against anti-speed trap bill upsets legislator." Associated Press at the Bonham Daily Favorite, Volume 95 No. 85. Thursday May 11, 1989. Page 1. Retrieved from Google Books (1 of 4) on February 26, 2012.
- CIARAMELLA, C.J. "11 Insanely Corrupt Speed-Trap Towns". reason.com. Reason. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
- Oberg, Ted, and Trent Seibert.Houston area speed trap king wants to turn in its crown. ABC 13 Eyewitness News: November 2, 2016. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Nichols, Bruce. "New speed trap law to cut East Texas town's lifeline Patton Village attempting 'turnaround'." The Dallas Morning News. June 18, 1989. Retrieved on February 26, 2012.
- Texas Constitution, Article XI, Section 4.
- Who Represents Me: Patton Village. Texas Legislative Council. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- Find Locations: Splendora. United States Postal Service. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-23.
- https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
- "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
- Factfinder: Patton Village. Archived 2020-02-13 at archive.today United States Census Bureau. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Montgomery County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-04-18.
- Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.191. LONE STAR COLLEGE SYSTEM DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..